2021/11/27 更新

写真a

ナカノ マサル
中野 優
NAKANO Masaru
所属
教育研究院 自然科学系 農学系列 教授
農学部 農学科 教授
職名
教授
連絡先
メールアドレス
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外部リンク

学位

  • 学術博士 ( 1993年3月   千葉大学 )

研究分野

  • 環境・農学 / 園芸科学

経歴(researchmap)

  • 新潟大学   農学部 農学科   教授

    2017年4月 - 現在

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  • 新潟大学   農学部 農業生産科学科   准教授

    2004年4月 - 現在

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  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科 生命・食料科学専攻   准教授

    2004年4月 - 現在

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  • 新潟大学   農学部   助教授

    1996年4月 - 1997年3月

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  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科   助手

    1994年4月 - 1996年3月

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経歴

  • 新潟大学   農学部 農学科   教授

    2017年4月 - 現在

  • 新潟大学   創生学部   教授

    2017年4月 - 現在

  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科 生命・食料科学専攻   准教授

    2004年4月 - 2017年3月

  • 新潟大学   農業生産科学科   准教授

    2004年4月 - 2017年3月

  • 新潟大学   農学部   助教授

    1996年4月 - 1997年3月

  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科   助手

    1994年4月 - 1996年3月

▶ 全件表示

 

論文

  • Suppression of B function by chimeric repressor gene-silencing technology (CRES-T) reduces the petaloid tepal identity in transgenic Lilium sp.

    Masahiro Otani, Kaiki Aoyagi, Masaru Nakano

    PLOS ONE   15 ( 8 )   e0237176 - e0237176   2020年8月

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    担当区分:最終著者   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Public Library of Science (PLoS)  

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0237176

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  • Plant regeneration and <i>Agrobacterium</i>-mediated genetic transformation systems in liliaceous ornamental plants 査読

    Nakano Masaru, Otani Masahiro

    Plant Biotechnology   2020年

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:日本植物細胞分子生物学会  

    <p>The family Liliaceae (Cronquist system) contains various important ornamental plants. We have been examining for about 20 years the establishment of plant regeneration and genetic transformation systems in liliaceous ornamental plants for their biotechnological breeding and elucidation of the molecular mechanisms determining ornamental traits. In this review, studies on <i>in vitro</i> plant regeneration in 7 genera and on <i>Agrobacterium</i>-mediated production of transgenic plants in 4 genera are described. Plant regeneration was achieved via callus cultures in <i>Agapanthus</i>, <i>Hemerocallis</i>, <i>Hosta</i>, <i>Lilium</i>, <i>Muscari</i> and <i>Tricyrtis</i>. Auxins (2,4-dichrolophenoxyacetic acid, α-naphthaleneacetic acid and/or picloram) were effective for inducing regenerable calli. <i>Tulipa</i> species and cultivars were very recalcitrant to callus induction and plant regeneration. <i>Agrobacterium</i>-mediated transformation was examined in <i>Agapanthus</i>, <i>Lilium</i>, <i>Muscari</i> and <i>Tricyrtis</i>, and transgenic plants were obtained in all genera by using regenerable calli as a target material for <i>Agrobacterium</i> inoculation, inoculation and co-cultivation with <i>Agrobacterium</i> in the presence of acetosyringone, and selection of transgenic tissues and plantlets on hygromycin-containing media. Among 4 genera, <i>Tricyrtis</i> has several advantages for transformation studies: higher transformation efficiency, relatively small plant size, ease of cultivation, and taking only 1 year from <i>in vitro</i> regeneration to flowering. We are now investigating the molecular mechanisms for determining plant form, flower color and flower form by using <i>Tricyrtis</i> spp. as liliaceous model plants.</p>

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.20.0114a

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  • Production and characterization of intersectional hybrids between Tricyrtis sect. Brachycyrtis and sect. Hirtae via ovule culture 査読

    Toshiya Inamura, Manami Nakazawa, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Masahiro Otani, Masaru Nakano

    Plant Biotechnology   36 ( 3 )   175 - 180   2019年9月

  • Production and characterization of wide hybrid plants in the genus Tricyrtis using transgenic plants carrying the gibberellin 2-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri. 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Shoichi Sato, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Masaru Nakano

    Scientia Horticulturae   254   215 - 221   2019年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2019.05.003

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  • 宿根トレニアにおけるR2R3-MYB遺伝子を用いた形質転換による葉色の改変

    藤本 卓生, 高野 美穂, 大谷 真広, 中野 優

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   71   35 - 42   2019年2月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(大学,研究機関等紀要)   出版者・発行元:新潟大学農学部  

    黄葉・銅葉・赤葉などカラフルな色彩の葉をもつ植物はカラーリーフプランツと呼ばれ、近年その人気が高まっている。多くの場合、それらの葉の細胞ではアントシアニン類が多量に生合成・蓄積されている。アントシアニン類の生合成にはフラボノイド生合成酵素遺伝子の発現制御が関わっており、その転写因子としてR2R3-MYBが知られている。本研究では、宿根トレニア(Torenia concolor)におけるカラーリーフプランツの育成を目的として、ホトトギス(Tricyrtis sp.)およびシロイヌナズナ(Arabidopsis thaliana)由来R2R3-MYB遺伝子(TrMYB1およびPAP1)を異所発現する形質転換体の作出を試みた。導入したR2R3-MYB遺伝子の種類に関わらず、形質転換体は葉色の変化の程度により3タイプ(ほとんど変化なし、薄い赤紫色に変化、濃い赤紫色に変化)に分けることができた。アントシアニンの定量分析および外来R2R3-MYB遺伝子の発現解析を行ったところ、形質転換体における葉色の変化の程度と葉の総アントシアニン含量および外来遺伝子の発現レベルには相関がみられた。これらの結果から、宿根トレニアへのTrMYB1またはPAP1の導入および異所発現により、葉においてアントシアニン類の生合成・蓄積が誘導され、葉色が改変されることが示唆された。今後は、同様の手法を用いて、他の花き園芸植物におけるカラーリーフプランツの作出を検討する予定である。

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    その他リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/50915

  • Isolation and functional analysis of FLOWERING LOCUS T homologous gene from Vanda hybrid. 査読

    Kanokwan Panjama, Eriko Suzuki, Masahiro Otani, Masaru Nakano, Norikuni Ohtake, Takuji Ohyama, Weenun Bundithya, Kuni Sueyoshi, Soraya Ruamrungsri

    Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology   2019年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1007/s13562-019-00487-2

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  • Expression and Functional Analyses of Five B-class Genes in Grape Hyacinth (Muscari armeniacum) 査読

    Miura Kana, Nakada Mutsumi, Kubota Shosei, Sato Shusei, Nagano Soichiro, Kobayashi Akie, Teranishi Mika, Nakano Masaru, Kanno Akira

    THE HORTICULTURE JOURNAL   2018年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.2503/hortj.UTD-036

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  • Ectopic expression of the R2R3-MYB gene from Tricyrtis sp. results in leaf color alteration in transgenic Pelargonium crispum 査読

    Atsushi Kanemaki, Masahiro Otani, Miho Takano, Takuo Fujimoto, Hiroaki Okuhara, Toshikazu Nomizu, Masayoshi Kondo, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Fumi Tatsuzawa, Masaru Nakano

    Scientia Horticulturae   240   411 - 416   2018年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    R2R3-MYB transcription factors are known to activate the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. In the present study, R2R3-MYB gene isolated from the liliaceous ornamental plant Tricyrtis sp. (TrMYB1) under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter was introduced into Pelargonium crispum via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in order to alter leaf color phenotype. Ten independent transgenic plants have been obtained, and they could be classified into three types according to the leaf color phenotype: six transgenic plants had deep yellowish-green leaves as non-transgenic plants (Type I)
    two had deep red-purple leaves (Type II)
    and two had deep red leaves (Type III). Spectrophotometric analysis showed that the amount of total anthocyanins significantly increased in leaves of Type II and Type III transgenic plants compared with non-transgenic and Type I transgenic plants. In addition, several anthocyanins were newly produced in leaves of Type II and Type III transgenic plants as revealed by high performance liquid chromatography analysis. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that TrMYB1 expression level correlated with the degree of leaf color alteration. Our results indicate the validity of genetic transformation with TrMYB1 for producing colored foliage in heterologous ornamental plants.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2018.06.029

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  • Comprehensive isolation and expression analysis of the flavonoid biosynthesis-related genes in Tricyrtis spp. 査読

    中野 優

    62 ( 4 )   684 - 692   2018年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • タイワンホトトギスにおける培養物の紡錘糸形成阻害剤処理による染色体倍加

    Masaru Nakano, Chiaki Goto, Miki Yamakawa, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Toshiya Inamura, Masahiro Otani

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   70   9 - 13   2018年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(大学,研究機関等紀要)  

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  • Erratum to: Overexpression of the gibberellin 20-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri resulted in modified trichome formation and terpenoid metabolities of Artemisia annua L. (Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC), (2017), 129, 2, (223-236), 10.1007/s11240-017-1171-1) 査読

    Phithak Inthima, Masaru Nakano, Masahiro Otani, Tomoya Niki, Takaaki Nishijima, Masaji Koshioka, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana

    Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture   129 ( 2 )   223 - 236   2017年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Netherlands  

    Gibberellins (GAs) are diterpenoid hormones, control various physiological developments in plants. The role of gibberellins on morphology and secondary metabolite production was examined in Artemisia annua, a medicinal plant that has been acknowledged as a source of artemisinin, an antimalarial compound. Subsequently, the GA20ox gene from Torenia fournieri (TfGA20ox2) was transferred to A. annua by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Compared with wild type plants, all nine transgenic plants showed significantly higher plant heights and artemisinin contents. The highest artemisinin content and yield in TfGA20ox2-overexpressing plants was around two-fold higher than wild type. Moreover, transgenic plants had higher numbers of branches (52.4%) and greater branch lengths (60–203%), but smaller leaf size (77.6%). Interestingly, relative to wild type the number and size of glandular trichomes in transgenic leaves was about 30 and 35% higher, respectively. From GC–MS analysis, the proportion of diterpenes in transgenic plant extracts was 1.5-fold lower than those noticed in wild type, while the proportion of sesquiterpenes was increased about 1.6 times when compared to wild type. However, the content proportion of monoterpenes showed a slightly increase, whereas the level of triterpenes showed no variation. In addition, two monoterpenes (eucalyptol and borneol), four sesquiterpenes (α-caryophyllene, β-guaiene, δ-cadinene and β-cubebene) and one triterpenes (isomultiflorenone) were detected only in transgenic extract, whereas d-α-tocopherol, a diterpenoid compound was found only in wild type but not transgenic plant. These results suggested that gibberellins play a significant role in regards to morphology, trichome formation and terpenoid metabolite production in A. annua.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11240-017-1171-1

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  • Overexpression of the gibberellin 20-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri resulted in modified trichome formation and terpenoid of metabolites Artemisia annua L. (vol 129, pg 223, 2017) 査読

    Phithak Inthima, Masaru Nakano, Masahiro Otani, Tomoya Niki, Takaaki Nishijima, Masaji Koshioka, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   130 ( 3 )   689 - 689   2017年9月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    DOI: 10.1007/s11240-017-1269-5

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  • Corrigendum: Suppression of B function strongly supports the modified ABCE model in Tricyrtis sp. (Liliaceae) (Scientific Reports (2017) 6 (24549) DOI: 10.1038/srep24549) 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Ahmad Sharifi, Shosei Kubota, Kanako Oizumi, Fumi Uetake, Masayo Hirai, Yoichiro Hoshino, Akira Kanno, Masaru Nakano

    Scientific Reports   6   24549   2017年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Nature Publishing Group  

    B class MADS-box genes play important roles in petal and stamen development. Some monocotyledonous species, including liliaceous ones, produce flowers with petaloid tepals in whorls 1 and 2. A modified ABCE model has been proposed to explain the molecular mechanism of development of two-layered petaloid tepals. However, direct evidence for this modified ABCE model has not been reported to date. To clarify the molecular mechanism determining the organ identity of two-layered petaloid tepals, we used chimeric repressor gene-silencing technology (CRES-T) to examine the suppression of B function in the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp. Transgenic plants with suppressed B class genes produced sepaloid tepals in whorls 1 and 2 instead of the petaloid tepals as expected. In addition, the stamens of transgenic plants converted into pistil-like organs with ovule-and stigma-like structures. This report is the first to describe the successful suppression of B function in monocotyledonous species with two-layered petaloid tepals, and the results strongly support the modified ABCE model.

    DOI: 10.1038/srep24549

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9762-4842

  • Suppression of B function strongly supports the modified ABCE model in Tricyrtis sp. (Liliaceae) (vol 6, 24549, 2016) 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Ahmad Sharifi, Shosei Kubota, Kanako Oizumi, Fumi Uetake, Masayo Hirai, Yoichiro Hoshino, Akira Kanno, Masaru Nakano

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   7   42322   2017年2月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    DOI: 10.1038/srep42322

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  • 紡錘糸形成阻害剤処理によるコルチカム科属間雑種の染色体倍加

    山川 美樹, 岸本 智成, 佐藤 武, 齋藤 友花, 天野 淳二, 大谷 真広, 中野 優, 山川 美樹, 岸本 智成, 佐藤 武, 齋藤 友花, 天野 淳二, 大谷 真広, 中野 優

    新潟大学農学部研究報告 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Niigata University   68   25 - 30   2016年2月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学農学部  

    The family Colchicaceae contains some important ornamental plants, such as Gloriosa spp. and Sandersonia aurantiaca. We have produced various intergeneric hybrid plants in this family in order to obtain wide variability in horticultural traits and to develop novel cultivars. In the present study, we examined chromosome doubling of a diploid intergeneric hybrid between L. modesta and G. superba &#039;Lutea&#039; (Lit×Gsu-1; 2n=2x=22) for fertility restoration and for further widening the variability. Shoot apical segments harvested from in vitro shoot cultures were treated with various concentrations of amiprophos-methyl (APM; 10, 20 or 40 mg L^&lt;-1&gt;), colchicine (COL; 100, 500 or 1000 mg L^&lt;-1&gt;) or oryzalin (ORY; 5, 10 or 20 mg L^&lt;-1&gt;) for 24 h. Two months after spindle toxin treatment, the highest percentage apical segments with shoot elongation (80.0%) was obtained in 10 mg L^&lt;-1&gt; APM treatment. Flow cytometry analysis of elongated shoots showed that a solid tetraploid (4x) was obtained from 40 mg L^&lt;-1&gt; APM treatment and ploidy chimeras (2x+4x) were obtained from treatments with 10 or 20 mg L^&lt;-1&gt; APM and 5 or 10 mg L^&lt;-1&gt; ORY. Tetraploid and polyploidy chimera shoots showed compact forms

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  • 花育種への分子的なアプローチ

    中野 優, 三位 正洋, 小林 仁, 大谷 真広, 八木 雅史

    育種学研究   18 ( 1 )   34 - 40   2016年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本育種学会  

    DOI: 10.1270/jsbbr.18.34

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  • エテホンと6-ベンジルアミノプリンを組み合わせた前処理がチューリップ切り花の品質保持期間に及ぼす効果

    渡邉 祐輔, 宮島 利功, 中野 優, 市村 一雄

    園芸学研究   15 ( 4 )   445 - 452   2016年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 園芸学会  

    &lt;p&gt;チューリップ切り花では,花茎の伸長と葉の黄化が観賞価値を低下させる.そこで,異なる濃度のエテホン,6-ベンジルアミノプリン (BA) およびジベレリン (GA&lt;sub&gt;3&lt;/sub&gt;) を用いた前処理が,チューリップ&#039;クリスマスドリーム&#039; 切り花の品質保持に及ぼす影響を調査した.25, 50および100 mg・L&lt;sup&gt;–1&lt;/sup&gt;のエテホン処理により花茎の伸長は抑制されたが,花の品質保持期間は約2日間短くなった.5, 25および125 mg・L&lt;sup&gt;–1&lt;/sup&gt;のBA処理は葉の黄化を抑制したが,花の品質保持には効果がなかった.GA&lt;sub&gt;3&lt;/sub&gt;処理は葉の黄化抑制にわずかな効果しかみられず,花の品質保持にも効果がなかった.そこで,50 mg・L&lt;sup&gt;–1&lt;/sup&gt;エテホンと25 mg・L&lt;sup&gt;–1&lt;/sup&gt; BAを組み合わせた前処理を行ったところ,花茎の伸長と葉の黄化が同時に抑制された.他のチューリップ切り花7品種においても,同様の結果が得られた.以上の結果から,エテホンとBAを組み合わせた前処理がチューリップ切り花

    DOI: 10.2503/hrj.15.445

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  • Double flower formation in Tricyrtis macranthopsis is related to low expression of AGAMOUS ortholog gene 査読

    Ahmad Sharifi, Kanako Oizumi, Shosei Kubota, Abdolreza Bagheri, Saeid Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Masaru Nakano, Akira Kanno

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   193   337 - 345   2015年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Complex flowers containing large numbers of petals are especially prized as ornamental plants. Double-flowered Tricyrtis macranthopsis, in which stamens and carpels are converted to petaloid organs, is related to AGAMOUS (AG) gene expression. So we isolated AGAMOUS gene from T. macranthopsis, named as TrimAG. Since TrimAG expression was limited to whorls 3 and 4 and ectopic expression of TrimAG in Arabidopsis thaliana caused the same phenotype as overexpression of other AG orthologs in transgenic Arabidopsis, this gene has similar function as its AG orthologs. In the double-flowered T. macranthopsis cultivar, the level of TrimAG expression was reduced in the two inner reproductive whorls (stamens and carpels) and caused reproductive organ replacement with petaloid tepals and floral indeterminacy. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA indicated that there were no significant differences between the double-flowered cultivar and wild-type plants. Analysis of promoter and AG intron II sequences did not identify any critically mutated sequences in the doubled-flowered cultivar. These results suggest that reduced TrimAG expression in whorls 3 and 4 might be caused by mutation in one of the genes in regulatory network which controls AGAMOUS expression or transcriptional silencing by methylation of TrimAG promoterfintron sequences. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.06.050

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  • 'Niigata S3' is a new strawberry cultivar suitable for forcing culture under low temperature and insolation conditions 査読

    Naonori Hamato, Osamu Kotake, Nagaaki Ono, Hiroshi Kurashima, Masaru Nakano, Yuzuri Iwamoto, Yoshihiko Takahashi

    BREEDING SCIENCE   64 ( 4 )   427 - 434   2014年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC BREEDING  

    'Niigata S3' is a new strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) cultivar that is early flowering and possesses high soluble solid content and good coloration. It was selected from a cross between Kei812 (seed parent) and 'Astika-R.uby' (pollen parent). The first harvest date of 'Niigata S3' was December 27, 34 days earlier than 'Echigohime' and 9 days earlier than 'Asuka-Ruby' (means of 2007 and 2008). The marketable yield of 'Niigata S3' was 85% of 'Echigohime', 107% of 'Astika-Ruby', while the early yield was 145% of 'Echigohime', 85% of 'Asuka-Ruby' (based on 2007 and 2008 means). The shape of the fruit is long conical, and its skin color medium-red. The fruit skin hardness of 'Niigata S3' was 31.5 g/mm(2), which was harder than 'Echigohime', and its average soluble solid content was 11.4%, which was higher than the values for 'Echigohime' and 'Asuka-Ruby' (2008). Furthermore, 'Niigata S3' did not bear apical overripe fruit. This new cultivar is adaptable to the climatic conditions of Niigata, as well as other regions that experience low winter temperatures and insolation.

    DOI: 10.1270/jsbbs.64.427

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  • Meiotic chromosome pairing in intergeneric hybrids of colchicaceous ornamentals revealed by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) 査読

    Tomonari Kishimoto, Miki Yamakawa, Daisuke Nakazawa, Junji Amano, Sachiko Kuwayama, Masaru Nakano

    EUPHYTICA   200 ( 2 )   251 - 257   2014年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Diploid and triploid intergeneric hybrids obtained by crosses among Gloriosa superba 'Lutea' (2n = 2x = 22), G. 'Marron Gold' (2n = 4x = 44), Littonia modesta (2n = 2x = 22), and Sandersonia aurantiaca (2n = 2x = 24) were analyzed for their meiotic chromosome pairing in pollen mother cells by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) with digoxigenin-labeled total DNA of one parent as probe. Chromosomes from each parent could be clearly distinguished in pollen mother cells of all the five intergeneric hybrids by GISH. For three diploid hybrids, L. modesta x G. superba 'Lutea' (2n = 2x = 22), L. modesta x S. aurantiaca (2n = 2x = 23) and S. aurantiaca x G. superba 'Lutea' (2n = 2x = 23), 0.04-0.27 autosyndetic bivalents (intragenomic pairing of non-homologous chromosomes) and 0.13-0.36 allosyndetic bivalents (intergenomic chromosome pairing) were observed per pollen mother cell, indicating that there are some homologous chromosomal regions within each genome and among the genomes of Gloriosa, Littonia and Sandersonia. Differences in the average number of allosyndetic bivalents per pollen mother cell among different genome combinations may reflect the evolutionary distances among the three genera, and Gloriosa and Littonia may be closely related to each other, while Sandersonia may have relatively distant relationships with Gloriosa and Littonia. For two triploid hybrids, L. modesta x G. 'Marron Gold' (2n = 3x = 33) and S. aurantiaca x G. 'Marron Gold' (2n = 3x = 34), no allosyndetic bivalents were observed. Based on the results obtained in the present study, possible utilization of the diploid and triploid intergeneric hybrids for further breeding of colchicaceous ornamentals is discussed.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10681-014-1152-y

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  • Mutagenic effects of heavy-ion beam irradiation on in vitro nodal segments of Artemisia annua L. 査読

    Phithak Inthima, Masahiro Otani, Tomoya Hirano, Yoriko Hayashi, Tomoko Abe, Masaru Nakano, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   119 ( 1 )   131 - 139   2014年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Artemisia annua L. is a commercial source of artemisinin. Nevertheless, artemisinin content within the plant is relatively low and varies depending on genotype and environment. To broaden the genetic variability, the mutation effect of C-12-ion beam irradiation on A. annua was examined. Irradiation at 2.5 Gy had a slight lethal effect to nodal segments while a noticeable lethal effect was observed at 5 and 10 Gy. Furthermore, at higher doses (20 and 50 Gy), a severe lethal effect was observed. Mutations at the DNA level of axillary bud-derived shoots were performed by RAPD. The mutation frequency at 10 Gy was about 1.7 and 2.1 times higher than that at 2.5 and 5 Gy, respectively. After growth and artemisinin production observation of 72 irradiated mutants, around 14 and 7 % of them showed higher artemisinin content and artemisinin yield compared to the controls, respectively. The highest artemisinin content in a mutant was 1.43 % DW, which was 3.2-fold higher than the original wild type. Additionally, the highest artemisinin yield in mutants was 3.68 mg/plant, which was around 1.4-fold higher than in the wild type. Moreover, irradiated mutants exhibited antibacterial activity against S. aureus, but the wild types did not. This study presents an effective application of heavy ion beam irradiation to create variations and improve artemisinin production in A. annua.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11240-014-0519-z

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  • Characterization of CYCLOIDEA-like genes in controlling floral zygomorphy in the monocotyledon Alstroemeria 査読

    Yoichiro Hoshino, Toshiya Igarashi, Masumi Ohshima, Koichi Shinoda, Naho Murata, Akira Kanno, Masaru Nakano

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   169   6 - 13   2014年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    The CYCLOIDEA (CYC) gene controls the development of zygomorphic flowers and the determination of adaxial identity of floral organs in the model developmental system of Antirrhinum majus. However, whether CYC homologue genes also control floral zygomorphy in monocotyledon Alstroemeria plants is yet unknown. In this study, we investigated CYC-like genes in the monocotyledons Alstroemeria aurea, Alstroemeria magenta, and Alstroemeria pelegrina var. rosea, all of which have zygomorphic flowers. Since the CYC gene belongs to the T-complex protein (TCP) gene family of transcription factors, cloning of CYC-like sequences was performed using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by using degenerate primers designed for the TCP domain. We cloned 1 CYC-like sequence each from A. aurea (AaTCP1, accession number AB714967 in the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ databases) and A. magenta (AmTCP1, AB714970), and two CYC-like sequences from A. pelegrina var. rosea (ApTCP1, AB714968; and ApTCP2, AB714969). The deduced amino acid sequences of AaTCP1, AmTCP1, ApTCP1, and ApTCP2 shared 67.7%, 67.7%, 71.0%, and 64.5% identities, respectively, with the TCP domain in CYC. Molecular phylogenetic analysis indicated that three CYC-like genes from Alstroemeria belonged to the ZinTBL1b clade in the CYC-/tbl -like subfamily. Reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and in situ hybridization analyses showed that AaTCP1 transcripts were specifically detected in flower buds and localized in the base of adaxial inner perianth of A. aurea. These results suggest that CYC-like genes are also involved in the development of floral asymmetry and the determination of adaxial identity of floral organs in the monocotyledon Alstroemeria. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2014.01.046

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  • Overexpression of the gibberellin 20-oxidase or gibberellin 3-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri affecting plant morphology in transgenic Tricyrtis sp. 査読

    M. Otani, S. Meguro, H. Gondaira, M. Hayashi, M. Saito, D. S. Han, M. Nakano, S. Mori, T. Li, T. Niki, T. Nishijima, M. Koshioka

    Acta Horticulturae   1025   23 - 30   2014年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:International Society for Horticultural Science  

    Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones controlling many aspects of plant growth and development including stem elongation, germination and transition from vegetative growth to flowering. GA 20-oxidase (GA 20ox) and GA 3-oxidase (GA 3ox), classes of 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases, catalyze the conversion of precursor GAs to their bioactive forms, and therefore play a direct role in determining the levels of bioactive GAs in plants. Transgenic plants of the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp. 'Shinonome' overexpressing the GA 20ox or GA 3ox gene from Torenia fournieri (TfGA20ox2 and TfGA3oxl) were produced. After 3 years of cultivation, 4 and 2 independent transgenic plants containing TfGA20ox2 and TfGA3oxl, respectively, were subjected to morphological characterization at the flowering stage. Because GA 20ox and GA 3ox catalyze the last step in the formation of bioactive GAs, overexpression of TfGA20ox2 or TfGA3oxl was initially expected to induce a GA-overproduction phenotype in transgenic plants, such as internode elongation. However, on the contrary, all the transgenic plants exhibited reduced plant height, reduced internode length and reduced stem diameter compared with the control, non-transgenic plants, irrespective of the kind of transgene. In addition, all the transgenic plants had slender leaves and narrow flower tepals. Exogenous treatment of transgenic plants with gibberellic acid and a GA biosynthesis inhibitor, uniconazol, resulted in increased and decreased plant height, respectively. Possible factors leading to morphological alterations, observed in the present study, of transgenic Tricyrtis sp. were proposed.

    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1025.2

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  • Characterization of transgenic Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis plants ectopically expressing the class B MADS-box genes 査読

    N. Okuzumi, M. Otani, H. Otsubo, S. Meguro, Y. Hara, H. Umehara, M. Igarashi, D. S. Han, M. Nakano, Y. Hoshino, A. Kanno

    Acta Horticulturae   1025   93 - 98   2014年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:International Society for Horticultural Science  

    The class B genes, which belong to the MADS-box gene family, play important roles in regulating petal and stamen development in flowering plants. These genes exist in two different types termed DEFLCLENS (DEF)- and GLOBOSA (GLO)-like genes, and the B-function is provided by heterodimers of DEF- and GLO-like gene products. In order to understand the molecular mechanism of floral development in the agapanthaceous ornamental Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis, we produced and characterized transgenic A. praecox ssp. orientalis plants ectopically expressing the DEF- or GLCMike gene of the same plant, ApDEF or ApGLO. No visible morphological alterations were observed both in vegetative and floral organs of all the 7 independent transgenic plants containing ApDEF. On the other hand, in 4 out of 6 independent transgenic plants containing ApGLO, organs developed in whorl 4 showed noticeable morphological alteration: they were thick compared with carpels of non-transgenic plants, and had a branch tip. No apparent morphological alterations were observed in floral organs of the other 3 whorls. Scanning electron microscopic observations showed that the tip surface of whorl 4 organs of non-transgenic plants was covered with papilla cells, while there were few papilla cells on the tip surface of the morphologically altered whorl 4 organs of transgenic plants. In addition, epidermal cells of the morphologically altered whorl 4 organs of transgenic plants showed an intermediate morphology between those of ovaries and filaments of non-transgenic plants. Since it has been reported that ApDEF is expressed in all the 4 whorls of non-transgenic A. praecox ssp. orientalis, endogenous ApDEF products and transgenic ApGLO products may form heterodimers causing homeotic conversion in whorl 4 of transgenic plants.

    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1025.14

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  • Isolation and characterization of the dihydroflavonol 4-reductase gene in the monocotyledonous ornamental Agapanthus praecox ssp orientalis (Leighton) Leighton 査読

    Shiro Mori, Masahiro Otani, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Masaru Nakano

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   166   24 - 30   2014年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (Leighton) Leighton, a monocotyledonous ornamental plant belonging to Agapanthaceae, has recently become popular as,a potted plant for landscaping and as a cut flower. As a first step toward molecular breeding for flower color alteration in this plant, we isolated and characterized a gene encoding dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), a pivotal enzyme of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. A full-length cDNA clone for DFR was isolated from flower tepals of a cultivar with deep-blue flowers, and its genomic clone, designated ApDFR1 (accession number AB099529 in the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ databases) was isolated from leaves by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based strategy. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that ApDFR1 contains four introns and an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 378 amino acid residues. Deduced amino acid sequence shows 59-75% identities with those of previously reported DFR genes. Southern blot analysis showed that there are one or two copies of the DFR gene in the genome of A. praecox ssp. orientalis. ApDFR1 transcripts were detected in young flower tepals, stamens, pistils and bracts, but not in pedicles, scapes and leaves as revealed by reverse transcription-PCR analysis. When ApDFR1 was expressed under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter in transgenic Petunia hybrida 'W85', a dfr-recessive line, some transgenic plants showed drastic flower color alteration froth white to red purple. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that colored flower limbs of transgenic plants accumulate anthocyanidins, mainly cyanidin and petunidin. These results indicate that ApDFR1 encodes DFR and is active in a heterologous plant species. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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  • Horticultural characterization of a tetraploid transgenic plant of Tricyrtis sp carrying the gibberellin 2-oxidase gene 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Phithak Inthima, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana, Shiro Mori, Tomoya Niki, Takaaki Nishijima, Masaji Koshioka, Masaru Nakano

    PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY   31 ( 4 )   335 - 340   2014年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC PLANT CELL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY  

    The gibberellin 2-oxidase catalyzes the bioactive gibberellins or their immediate precursors to inactive forms. We have previously produced transgenic plants of the liliaceous plant Tricyrtis sp. containing the GA2ox gene from the linderniaceous plant Torenia fournieri. These transgenic plants showed dwarf phenotypes as expected but unfortunately had no flowers or only small, unopened flowers. Recently, one newly produced transgenic line (G2-55) formed fully opened flowers. G2-55 showed a moderately dwarf phenotype and the shoot length decreased to 63.4% of that of the control, non-transgenic plants. No significant differences in the number of flowers per shoot and in the flower size were observed between G2-55 and the control. Flow cytometry analysis and chromosome observation showed that G2-55 was tetraploid (2n=4x=52), whereas the other transgenic lines producing no or only small flowers were diploid (2n=2x=26) as the mother plant. Pollen fertility of G2-55 was 81.2% as determined by acetocarmine staining. The tetraploidy in G2-55 might be resulted from somaclonal variation of embryogenic calluses used as a target material for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The tetraploid transgenic plant G2-55 may be useable not only directly as a potted plant, but also as a material for further breeding of Tricyrtis spp.

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  • Overexpression of the gibberellin 2-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri induces dwarf phenotypes in the liliaceous monocotyledon Tricyrtis sp. 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Shuhei Meguro, Haruka Gondaira, Megumi Hayashi, Misaki Saito, Dong-Sheng Han, Phithak Inthima, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana, Shiro Mori, Yusuke Jikumaru, Yuji Kamiya, Tuoping Li, Tomoya Niki, Takaaki Nishijima, Masaji Koshioka, Masaru Nakano

    Journal of Plant Physiology   170 ( 16 )   1416 - 1423   2013年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Gibberellins (GAs) are the plant hormones that control many aspects of plant growth and development, including stem elongation. Genes encoding enzymes related to the GA biosynthetic and metabolic pathway have been isolated and characterized in many plant species. Gibberellin 2-oxidase (GA2ox) catalyzes bioactive GAs or their immediate precursors to inactive forms
    therefore, playing a direct role in determining the levels of bioactive GAs. In the present study, we produced transgenic plants of the liliaceous monocotyledon Tricyrtis sp. overexpressing the GA2ox gene from the linderniaceous dicotyledon Torenia fournieri (TfGA2ox2). All six transgenic plants exhibited dwarf phenotypes, and they could be classified into two classes according to the degree of dwarfism: three plants were moderately dwarf and three were severely dwarf. All of the transgenic plants had small or no flowers, and smaller, rounder and darker green leaves. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis showed that the TfGA2ox2 expression level generally correlated with the degree of dwarfism. The endogenous levels of bioactive GAs, GA1 and GA4, largely decreased in transgenic plants as shown by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis, and the level also correlated with the degree of dwarfism. Exogenous treatment of transgenic plants with gibberellic acid (GA3) resulted in an increased shoot length, indicating that the GA signaling pathway might normally function in transgenic plants. Thus, morphological changes in transgenic plants may result from a decrease in the endogenous levels of bioactive GAs. Finally, a possibility of molecular breeding for plant form alteration in liliaceous ornamental plants by genetically engineering the GA metabolic pathway is discussed. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2013.05.002

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  • センノウ属種間交雑における交雑親和性およびエゾセンノウとマツモトセンノウの種間雑種の形質

    中野 優, 桑山 幸子, 岡 恵理子, 浅野 恵, Han Dong-Sheng, 神戸 敏成

    園芸学会雑誌   82 ( 1 )   57 - 62   2013年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 園芸学会  

    ナデシコ科センノウ属には観賞価値が高い種が多いが,種間交雑による育種は進んでいない.本研究はセンノウ属の形質の多様化を図るためにアメリカセンノウ,ガンピ,エゾセンノウ,センジュガンピ,オグラセンノウ,フシグロセンノウ,マツモトセンノウ,エンビセンノウの 8 種を用いて種間交雑を行い,未熟種子の培養を行った.26 の組み合わせにおいて未熟種子を含んだ果実が得られた.得られた果実から未熟種子を取り出し 1/2 濃度の MS 培地で培養を行ったところ,11 の組み合わせで得られた種子が発芽し,8 組み合わせで実生が得られた.しかしながら,緑化した実生が得られたのはエゾセンノウとマツモトセンノウの組み合わせのみで,他の 7 組み合わせで得られた実生はすべてアルビノで順化過程において枯死した.エゾセンノウとマツモトセンノウの交雑で得られた 55 個体すべてが DNA の解析の結果,雑種であることが明らかになった.これら雑種の形態には個体差が

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs1.82.57

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  • Cross-compatibility in Interspecific Hybridization of Lychnis (Caryophyllaceae) and Characterization of Interspecific Hybrids between L. fulgens and L. sieboldii 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Sachiko Kuwayama, Eriko Oka, Megumi Asano, Dong-Sheng Han, Toshinari Godo

    JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE   82 ( 1 )   57 - 62   2013年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC HORTICULTURAL SCI  

    Lychnis belongs to Caryophyllaceae and contains a number of horticulturally attractive species. In order to widen their variations in horticultural traits, interspecific cross-pollination and subsequent immature seed culture were carried out using 8 Lychnis species, L. chalcedonica, L. coronata, L. fulgens, L. gracillima, L. kiusiana, L. miqueliana, L. sieboldii, and L. wilfordii. Enlarged fruits containing immature seeds were obtained in the 26 cross-combinations 4 weeks after pollination. Immature seeds were isolated from the fruits and cultured on half-strength Murashige and Skoog medium without plant growth regulators, on which germination occurred in 11 cross-combinations and seedlings were produced in 8 cross-combinations. However, green seedlings were obtained only in L. fulgens x L. sieboldii, and seedlings obtained from the other 7 cross-combinations, L. coronata x L. gracillima, L. gracillima x L. coronata, L. gracillima x L. fulgens, L. kiusiana x L. sieboldii, L. kiusiana x L. wilfordii, L. wilfordii x L. kiusiana, and L. wilfordii x L. sieboldii, were albino and died during acclimatization. The hybridity of all 55 green seedlings obtained from L. fulgens x L. sieboldii was confirmed by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. Although some morphological variations were observed among hybrids, hybrid plants generally showed intermediate morphologies between the parents. Hybrids showed high pollen fertility and their self-pollination yielded viable seeds. The present study shows the possibility of interspecific cross-breeding in Lychnis. Further studies are necessary to improve the culture conditions of immature seeds and to examine interspecific cross-compatibility using a wide range of Lychnis species.

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  • チューリップ切り花における糖質処理が品質保持に及ぼす影響

    渡邉祐輔, 宮島利功, 野水利和, 中野優, 市村一雄

    園芸学研究   12 ( 2 )   201-207 (J-STAGE) - 207   2013年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    消費者が観賞段階で切り花に糖質を連続的に処理することを想定し,異なる濃度のグルコース,スクロース,フルクトースおよびトレハロースを用いた連続処理が,チューリップ切り花の品質保持に及ぼす影響を調査した.&#039;イルデフランス&#039;切り花を用いた実験では,いずれの糖質にも品質保持期間の延長効果が認められた.これらの糖質の中では,グルコース,フルクトースおよびスクロースの効果が高かった.しかしながら,1%グルコース以外の処理区では葉に障害が生じた.1%グルコースを用いた連続処理により,調査した12品種のすべてにおいて切り花の相対新鮮重が増加し,また,9品種において切り花の品質保持期間が有意に延長された.一方,生産者が出荷前に切り花に糖質を短期的に処理することを想定し,グルコースが&#039;イルデフランス&#039;切り花の品質保持に及ぼす影響を調査したが,効果はみられなかった.以上の結果から,チューリップ切り花の品質保持には,1%グル

    DOI: 10.2503/hrj.12.201

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  • Decreased time from seed to flowering corm size in Zephyra elegans via in vitro cultivation 査読

    Alexis K. Vidal, Dong-Sheng Han, Masaru Nakano, Yoshiji Niimi

    CIENCIA E INVESTIGACION AGRARIA   39 ( 3 )   577 - 584   2012年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PONTIFICIA UNIV CATOLICA CHILE, FAC AGRONOMIA INGENIERIA FORESTAL  

    A. K. Vidal, D.-S. Han, M. Nakano and Y. Niimi. 2012. Decreased time from seed to flowering corm size in Zephyra elegans via in vitro cultivation. Cien. Inv. Agr. 39(3): 577-584. Experiments were performed to establish a method to reduce the time from seed to flowering in Zephyra elegans. Seedlings took at least four years to produce a flowering corm. Although germination was highest in a water-agar medium, plant necrosis occurred when plants were later transferred; therefore, MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium was selected as the medium for germination. An increase in the light intensity to 9500 lux and in the pH to 6.7, significantly increased the germination rate. Eight weeks after seed germination, seedlings were transferred to MS media with sucrose concentrations of 45, 60, 75, 90 or 105 g L-1 and a pH 5.7 or 6.7, with the aim of achieving the greatest corm weight gain. After 16 weeks, the best weight gain was obtained in the MS medium with 75 g L-1 of sucrose and a pH of 6.7. The resulting corms were transferred to pots and grown under greenhouse conditions. Corms weighing under 0.12 g did not sprout, whereas all corms over 0.3 g sprouted and all those over 0.4 g at the end of the in vitro culture stage bloomed in the second year of greenhouse cultivation. The time required for development from seedling to flowering corm was reduced to two years.

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  • Flower color alteration in the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp by RNA interference-mediated suppression of the chalcone synthase gene 査読

    Yukiko Kamiishi, Masahiro Otani, Hiroki Takagi, Dong-Sheng Han, Shiro Mori, Fumi Tatsuzawa, Hiroaki Okuhara, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Masaru Nakano

    MOLECULAR BREEDING   30 ( 2 )   671 - 680   2012年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Chalcone synthase (CHS) is the key enzyme in an early stage of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. In the present study, a full-length cDNA clone for CHS was isolated from flower tepals of the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp., in which tepals have many reddish-purple spots resulting from accumulation of cyanidin derivatives. The deduced amino acid sequence of the isolated cDNA clone, designated TrCHS1 (accession number AB478624 in the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ databases), shows 79.4-91.4% identity with those of previously reported CHS genes. An RNA interference (RNAi) construct targeting TrCHS1 was introduced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in order to alter the flower color of Tricyrtis sp. Seven transgenic plants that produced flowers could be classified into three types according to flower color phenotype: one transgenic plant had tepals with as many reddish-purple spots as non-transgenic plants (Type I); one had tepals with reduced numbers of reddish-purple spots (Type II); and five had completely white tepals without any spots (Type III). High-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that tepals of Type III transgenic plants did not accumulate detectable amounts of anthocyanidins. In addition, TrCHS1 mRNA levels in tepals of Type II and Type III transgenic plants decreased substantially compared with non-transgenic plants, as determined by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis. Our results indicate the validity of RNAi suppression of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway genes for flower color alteration in Tricyrtis sp. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on flower color alteration by genetic transformation in monocotyledonous ornamentals.

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  • 培養物へのオリザリン処理による日本原産センノウ属植物の染色体倍加

    中野 優, 田崎 大夢, 野中 隆宏, 韓 東生, 神戸 敏成

    新潟大学農学部研究報告 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Niigata University   64 ( 2 )   101 - 105   2012年3月

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    出版者・発行元:新潟大学農学部  

    センノウ属(Lychnis spp. ;ナデシコ科)は約30種で構成され、そのうちの6種は日本に自生している。多くのセンノウ属植物は観賞的価値が高く、そのため鉢植え植物や庭植え植物として栽培されている。本研究では、園芸形質の拡大を目的として、日本原産の3種のセンノウ属植物、センジュガンピ(L. gracillima;2n=2x=24)、オグラセンノウ(L. kiusiana;2n=2x=24)およびフシグロセンノウ(L. miqueliana;2n=2x=24)について、培養物のオリザリン(ORY)処理による染色体倍加を試みた。これは、三倍体のセンノウ(L. senno)において最初に確立された方法である(Nonakaら、2011)。培養小植物体から調製した節切片を10mg L-1 ORYで24時間処理したところ、2ヵ月後にはいずれのセンノウ属植物においても70%以上の節切片が生存していた。また、ORY処理した節切片由来の小植物体についてフローサイトメトリー分析を行ったところ、センジュガンピ、オグラセンノウおよびフシグロセンノウの小植物体のそれぞれ15.7、15.1および7.8%が四倍

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  • Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) analysis of intergeneric hybrids in Colchicaceae 査読

    Daisuke Nakazawa, Tomonari Kishimoto, Takeru Sato, Tomoka Saito, Junji Amano, Sachiko Kuwayama, Hajime Okuno, Toshinari Godo, Yusuke Watanabe, Dong-Sheng Han, Masaru Nakano

    EUPHYTICA   181 ( 2 )   197 - 202   2011年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Some intergeneric hybrids produced by the crosses among several colchicaceous ornamentals, Gloriosa superba &apos;Lutea&apos; (2n = 2x = 22), G. &apos;Marron Gold&apos; (2n = 4x = 44), G. &apos;Verschild&apos; (2n = 7x = 77), Littonia modesta Hook. (2n = 2x = 22), and Sandersonia aurantiaca Hook. (2n = 2x = 24), were subjected to genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) analysis in order to clarify their genome constitutions. Chromosome preparation was made from root tip cells of L. modesta x G. superba &apos;Lutea&apos;, L. modesta x S. aurantiaca, S. aurantiaca x G. superba &apos;Lutea&apos;, L. modesta x G. &apos;Marron Gold&apos;, S. aurantiaca x G. &apos;Marron Gold&apos; and G. &apos;Verschild&apos; x S. aurantiaca. Total DNA of one parent was labeled with digoxigenin or biotin and used as probe, and chromosomes were counterstained with 4&apos;-6-diamidono-2-phenylindole (DAPI). For all the nine intergeneric hybrids, chromosomes from each parent could be clearly distinguished by GISH analysis. Thus GISH analysis is a powerful tool for identifying the genome constitution of intergeneric hybrids in colchicaceous ornamentals. The results obtained by GISH analysis study may be important for further progress in breeding of colchicaceous ornamentals.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10681-011-0393-2

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  • Chromosome doubling of Lychnis spp. by in vitro spindle toxin treatment of nodal segments 査読

    Takahiro Nonaka, Eriko Oka, Megumi Asano, Sachiko Kuwayama, Hiromu Tasaki, Dong-Sheng Han, Toshinari Godo, Masaru Nakano

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   129 ( 4 )   832 - 839   2011年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Lychnis (Caryophyllaceae) consists of about 30 species distributed throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, from East Asia to Europe. Many Lychnis spp. have high ornamental value and cultivated as pot or garden plants. In the present study, in vitro chromosome doubling of several Lychnis spp. was examined in order to widen their variability in horticultural traits. Initially effect of various spindle toxin treatments [100, 500 or 1000 mg l(-1) colchicine (COL), 10,20 or 50 mg l(-1) oryzalin (ORY), or 1, 5, 10 mg l(-1) amiprophos-methyl (APM)] of nodal segments of a triploid genotype of L. senno (3x) was investigated on survival of nodal segments and chromosome doubling in nodal segment-derived plantlets. Significantly higher percentage (75.0%) of surviving segments after spindle toxin treatment was obtained in 10 mg l(-1) ORY treatment. Flow cytometry (FCM) analysis of leaf tissues showed that 9.4-13.8% of plantlets, which were derived from 10 to 20 mg l(-1) ORY, or 5 mg l(-1) APM treatments, were hexaploid (6x) or ploidy chimera (3x + 6x, 4x + 6x, 5x + 6x, 3x + 4x + 6x). The results obtained by FCM analysis were confirmed by chromosome observation in root tip cells. Thus 10 mg l(-1) ORY treatment of nodal segments is suitable for in vitro chromosome doubling of triploid L. senno. Efficient chromosome doubling was also achieved in diploid L. fulgens (2x) and L sieboldii (2x) by treating nodal segments with 10 mg l(-1) ORY: 68.9-88.7% of nodal segments survived after ORY treatment, and 24.7-26.5% of plantlets derived from ORY-treated nodal segments were tetraploid (4x) or ploidy chimera (2x + 4x) in both species. These results indicate that the in vitro chromosome doubling method established for triploid L. senno may be applicable to a wide range of Lychnis spp. Tetraploid L. fulgens and L sieboldii showed a compact plant form, and had thick stems and deep green leaves compared with the diploid mother plants. On the other hand, hexaploid L. senno showed very poor growth and died before flowering. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2011.05.004

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  • Plant regeneration via direct and indirect adventitious shoot formation and chromosome-doubled somaclonal variation in Titanotrichum oldhamii (Hemsl.) Solereder 査読

    Hiroki Takagi, Shintaro Sugawara, Tomoka Saito, Haruka Tasaki, Lu Yuanxue, Guan Kaiyun, Dong-Sheng Han, Toshinari Godo, Masaru Nakano

    PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY REPORTS   5 ( 2 )   187 - 195   2011年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    The gesneriaceous perennial plant Titanotrichum oldhamii has beautiful foliage and attractive bright yellow flowers. However, breeding of T. oldhamii by conventional sexual hybridization may be difficult because sexual reproduction of this species is very rare. In the present study, plant regeneration systems via both direct and indirect formation of adventitious shoots from leaf explants were established as the first step toward breeding T. oldhamii by using biotechnological techniques. Adventitious shoots were formed efficiently on medium containing 0.1 mg l(-1) benzyladenine. Histological observation showed that shoot formation on this medium occurred directly from leaf epidermal cells without callus formation. On the other hand, leaf explants formed calluses on medium containing 0.1 mg l(-1) 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. The calluses could be maintained by monthly subculturing to fresh medium of the same composition. When the calluses were transferred to plant growth regulator-free medium, they formed adventitious shoots. Directly and indirectly formed shoots rooted well on medium containing 0.1 mg l(-1) indole-3-butyric acid. Plantlets thus obtained were successfully acclimatized and grew vigorously in the greenhouse. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that no variation in the ploidy level was observed in plants regenerated via direct shoot formation, whereas chromosome doubling occurred in several plants regenerated via indirect shoot formation. Regenerated plants with the same ploidy level as the mother plants showed almost the same phenotype as the mother plants, whereas chromosome-doubled plants showed apparent morphological alterations: they had small and crispate flowers, and round and deep green leaves.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11816-011-0172-5

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  • Promotion of somatic embryo production from embryogenic calluses of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants by heavy-ion beam irradiation 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Yusuke Watanabe, Toshikazu Nomizu, Mami Suzuki, Keiko Mizunashi, Shiro Mori, Junji Amano, Dong-Sheng Han, Hiroyuki Saito, Hiromichi Ryuto, Nobuhisa Fukunishi, Tomoko Abe

    PLANT GROWTH REGULATION   60 ( 3 )   169 - 173   2010年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Effect of heavy-ion beam irradiation on the growth and development of embryogenic calluses was examined in the liliaceous monocotyledon Tricyrtis hirta and the umbelliferous dicotyledon Daucus carota. Embryogenic calluses of T. hirta were irradiated with 5, 10, 20 or 50 Gy of (12)C(6+), (14)N(7+) or (20)Ne(10+) ions, and those of D. carota were irradiated with 5, 10, 20 or 50 Gy of (14)N(7+) ions. In both species, irradiation at 10-50 Gy inhibited growth of embryogenic calluses, and callus growth rate decreased as irradiation dose increased. Interestingly irradiation at low doses greatly promoted somatic embryo production from embryogenic calluses in both species. In T. hirta, calluses irradiated with 5 and 10 Gy (12)C(6+) ions, 10 Gy (14)N(7+) ions, and 5 Gy (20)Ne(10+) ions produced more than twice as many embryos as the control, non-irradiated calluses. In D. carota, embryogenic calluses irradiated with 5 Gy (14)N(7+) ions produced more than one and a half times as many embryos as the control. Somatic embryo production in both species was inhibited by irradiation at 20 and 50 Gy.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10725-009-9438-0

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  • 日本に現存するセンノウの特性と園芸的利用

    神戸敏成, 中田政司, 中野優, 富田裕明, 三位正洋

    日本植物園協会誌   ( 44 )   197 - 204   2010年3月

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    記述言語:日本語  

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  • オーキシン様植物成長調節物質ピクロラムが中国雲南省産アヤメ属植物のカルス誘導に及ぼす影響

    神戸 敏成, 中野 優, 沈 雲光

    富山県中央植物園研究報告   ( 15 )   17 - 21   2010年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:富山県中央植物園  

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  • Morphological variation in Tricyrtis hirta plants regenerated from heavy ion beam-irradiated embryogenic calluses 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Junji Amano, Yusuke Watanabe, Toshikazu Nomizu, Mami Suzuki, Keiko Mizunashi, Shiro Mori, Sachiko Kuwayama, Dong-Sheng Han, Hiroyuki Saito, Hiromichi Ryuto, Nobuhisa Fukunishi, Tomoko Abe

    PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY   27 ( 2 )   155 - 160   2010年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC PLANT CELL & MOLECULAR BIOL  

    In order to induce horticulturally valuable mutants in the Liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis hirta, embryogenic calluses of this species were irradiated with (12)C(+6) ion beams. Morphological characterization was performed on 35, 37 and 15 plants regenerated from calluses irradiated with 5, 10 and 20 Gy ion beams, respectively, and on 10 plants from non-irradiated calluses after 3 years of cultivation in pots. No plants were regenerated from calluses irradiated with 50 Gy ion beams. There were no large differences in the mean values of leaf length, leaf width, soil and plant analyzer development (SPAD) value of leaves, flower length and flower diameter between the control (division-derived plants from the mother plant of the embryogenic calluses) and the irradiation treatments at different doses. On the other hand, the mean number of shoots per plant increased, and the mean shoot length and the mean number of nodes per shoot decreased in the irradiation treatments. The mean number of flowers per plant was increased in the 20 Gy irradiation treatment. For most morphological characteristics investigated, the variation spectrum widened with increase in the irradiation dose. Several horticulturally attractive variations such as dwarfism, slender and deep green leaves, and large flowers were observed in regenerants from the irradiation treatments, and these variations were stable after additional 2 years of cultivation in pots or garden. Thus mutation induction by heavy ion beam irradiation of embryogenic calluses is a valuable tool for improving horticultural value of T. hirta.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.27.155

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  • ADVENTITIOUS SHOOT REGENERATION AND MICROPROPAGATION OF CHIRITA FLAVIMACULATA W. T. WANG, C. EBURNEA HANCE, AND C. SPECIOSA KURZ. 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Hiroki Takagi, Shintaro Sugawara, Tomoka Saito, Yusuke Watanabe, Lu Yuanxue, Guan Kaiyun, Toshinari Godo

    PROPAGATION OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS   9 ( 4 )   216 - 222   2009年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SEJANI PUBL  

    Chirita flavimaculata, C. eburnea, and C. speciosa, which belong to Gesneriaceae, have high ornamental values such as beautiful foliages and showy flowers. An efficient plant regeneration system via adventitious shoot formation was established for micropropagation of these species. For all species, adventitious shoots elongating over 5 mm in length were efficiently regenerated from leaf explants on half-strength MS medium containing 0.1 mg l(-1) of both NAA and BA (8.1-15.6 shoots per explant). Histological observation indicated that adventitious shoot regeneration on a medium containing 0.1 mg l(-1) of both NAA and BA occurred directly from leaf epidermal cells without callus formation. Plantlets were obtained by rooting the shoots on half-strength MS medium containing 0.1 mg l(-1) IBA. No variations in the ploidy level were observed in the regenerated plants of three Chirita species as indicated by flow cytometry analysis.

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  • 日本に現存するセンノウの特性と園芸的利用

    神戸 敏成, 中田 政司, 中野 優

    日本植物園協会誌   ( 44 )   197 - 204   2009年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本植物園協会  

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  • Intergeneric hybridization among colchicaceous ornamentals, Gloriosa spp., Littonia modesta and Sandersonia aurantiaca via ovule culture 査読

    Junji Amano, Daisuke Nakazawa, Sachiko Kuwayama, Yoko Mizuta, Hajime Okuno, Yusuke Watanabe, Toshinari Godo, Dong-Sheng Han, Masaru Nakano

    PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY   26 ( 5 )   535 - 541   2009年

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC PLANT CELL & MOLECULAR BIOL  

    Colchicaceous plants, Gloriosa spp., Littonia modesta and Sandersonia aurantiaca, are cultivated as ornamentals. However, unfortunately no large variations in horticultural traits are found within each genus. We examined intergeneric hybridization using 6 genotypes of Gloriosa spp., 1 genotype of L. modesta and 2 genotypes of S. aurantiaca to obtain wider variability and to develop novel cultivars in those groups. Following intergeneric cross-pollination, putative hybrid plantlets were obtained via ovule culture in various combinations. Early confirmation of the hybridity of ovule culture-derived plantlets was accomplished by flow cytometry and random amplified polymorphic DNA analyses. Several intergeneric hybrids have so far been produced flowers and subjected to morphological characterization. All the hybrids examined, i.e. L. modesta x S. aurantiaca, L. modesta x S. aurantiaca `Phoenix&apos;, L. modesta x G. superba `Lutea&apos;, L. modesta x G. `Marron Gold&apos;, S. aurantiaca x G. superba `Lutea&apos;, S. aurantiaca x G. `Marron Gold&apos; and S. aurantiaca &apos;Phoenix&apos; x G. `Marron Gold&apos;, had novel morphological characteristics compared with their parents, some of which were horticulturally attractive. The results obtained in our series of studies indicate the validity of intergeneric hybridization in the improvement programs of colchicaceous ornamentals. We are now examining to develop a rapid and efficient micropropagation system and to restore fertility by artificial chromosome doubling of intergeneric hybrids that had been produced in our series of experiments.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.26.535

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  • Interspecific hybridization between triploid Senno (Lychnis senno Siebold et Zucc., Caryophyllaceae) and allied taxa of the genus Lychnis 査読

    Toshinari Godo, Junko Miyazaki, Sachiko Kuwayama, Shinjiro Ogita, Yasuo Kato, Masaru Nakano, Masashi Nakata

    PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY   26 ( 3 )   301 - 305   2009年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC PLANT CELL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY  

    Senno (Lychnis senno, Caryophyllaceae), a traditional ornamental plant in Japan. was introduced from China and all the strains of Senno found in Japan are triploid with 2n=3x=36. Hand-pollination was conducted between triploid Senno and allied Lychnis taxa, L. kiusiana (2n=24), L. mniqueliana (2n=24), L. miqueliana f. albescens (2n=24), L. chalcedonica (2n=24), L. wilfordii (2n=24), L. sieboldii (2n=24), and L. coronata (2n=24). Immature seeds 17-42 days after pollination were cultured on half-strength Murashige and Skoog media with or without 6-benzyladenine. Although immature seeds were obtained in most cross combinations, seed germination was observed only in three cross combinations, L. senno x L. kiusiana, L. kiusiana X L. senno, and L. senno X L. sieboldii. Seedlings derived from reciprocal crosses between L. senno and L. kiusiana showed an abnormal morphology or a chlorophyll-deficiency, xantha. Seedlings derived from L. senno X L. sieboldii also showed an abnormal morphology or chlorophyll-deficiency, but one seedling grew into a green plantlet. The hybridity of these seedlings was confirmed by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. The chromosome number of the interspecific hybrid plantlet between L. senno and L. sieboldii was determined to be 2n=32. The present study shows the possibility of using triploid Senno for breeding by interspecific hybridization, and the effectiveness of immature seed culture for producing interspecific hybrids in the genus Lychnis.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.26.301

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  • Recent advances in wide hybridization and embryo rescue of floricultural plants in Japan Preface 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Masahiro Mii

    PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY   25 ( 6 )   509 - 509   2008年12月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC PLANT CELL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY  

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.25.509

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  • Stability of β-glucuronidase gene expression in transgenic Tricyrtis hirta plants after two years of cultivation 査読

    S. Mori, S. Mori, E. Oka, H. Umehara, H. Kobayashi, Y. Hoshi, M. Kondo, K. Ogata, M. Nakano

    Biologia Plantarum   52 ( 3 )   513 - 516   2008年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Transgenic plants of Tricyrtis hirta carrying the intron-containing β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene under the control of the CaMV35S promoter have been cultivated for two years. Four independent transgenic plants produced flowers 1-2 years after acclimatization, and all of them contained one copy of the transgene as indicated by inverse polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. All the four transgenic plants showed stable expression of the gus gene in leaves, stems, roots, tepals, stamens and pistils as indicated by histochemical and fluorometric GUS assays, although differences in the GUS activity were observed among different organs of each transgenic plant. No apparent gus gene silencing was observed in transgenic T. hirta plants even after two years of cultivation. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10535-008-0099-z

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  • Morphological characterization of three intergeneric hybrids among Gloriosa superba 'Lutea', Littonia modesta, and Sandersonia aurantiaca (Colchicaceae) 査読

    Junji Amano, Sachiko Kuwayama, Yoko Mizuta, Masaru Nakano, Toshinari Godo, Hajime Okuno

    HORTSCIENCE   43 ( 1 )   115 - 118   2008年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE  

    Three intergeneric hybrids among colchicaceous ornamentals, Gloriosa superba 'Lutea' (2n = 2x =: 22), Littonia modesta (2n = 2x = 22), and Sandersonia aurantiaca (2n = 2x = 24), were subjected to morphological characterization and chromosome observation. Hybrid plants produced flowers 2 to 3 years after transplantation of ovule culture-derived plantlets to the greenhouse. All the hybrid plants, L. modesta x S. aurantiaca, L. modesta x G. superba 'Lutea', and S. aurantiaca x G. superba 'Lutea', showed a climbing habit like those of L. modesta and G. superba 'Lutea'. Plants of L. modesta x S. aurantiaca and L. modesta x G. superba 'Lutea' were taller and shorter than their respective parents, whereas plant height of S. aurantiaca X G. superba 'Lutea' was nearly intermediate between the parents. Leaves of all the hybrids had a tendril at the tip like those of L. modesta and G. superba 'Lutea'. Flower morphologies of all the hybrids were nearly intermediate between the parents. Flower colors of all the hybrids were similar to the seed or pollen parent. Although hybrids of L. modesta X G. superba 'Lutea' showed low pollen fertility, as assessed with acetocarmine staining, the other two kinds of hybrids had nondehiscent anthers or no fertile pollen grains. Chromosome observation in root tip cells revealed that all the hybrids had a diploid number of chromosomes: L. modesta x S. aurantiaca (2n = 2x = 23), L. modesta x G. superba 'Lutea' (2n = 2x = 22), and S. aurantiaca x G. superba 'Lutea' (2n = 2x = 23). Novel morphological characteristics of the hybrids may be valuable for future breeding of colchicaceous ornamentals.

    DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.43.1.115

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  • Flower form alteration by genetic transformation with the class B MADS-box genes of Agapanthus praecox spp. orientalis in transgenic dicot and monocot plants 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Hiroto Umehara, Yoshihiro Hara, Motohide Makino, Mika Igarashi, Mutsumi Nakada, Toru Nakamura, Yoichiro Hoshino, Akira Kanno

    MOLECULAR BREEDING   20 ( 4 )   425 - 429   2007年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    The class B genes, which belong to the MADS-box gene family, play important roles in regulating petal and stamen development in flowering plants. These genes exist in two different types termed DEF- and GLO-like genes, and the B-function is provided by heterodimers of a DEF- and a GLO-like gene product. In the present study, dicot (tobacco and lettuce) and monocot (Tricyrtis hirta) plants were transformed with the GLO-like gene of Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis ApGLO alone or in combination with the DEF-like gene of the same plant ApDEF. In two out of 10 transgenic tobacco plants containing ApGLO, sepals partially converted into petaloid organs. For lettuce, ray florets of four out of nine transgenic plants containing ApGLO also developed additional petaloid organs. In two out of five transgenic T. hirta plants containing both ApGLO and ApDEF, organs developed in whorl 4 showed noticeable morphological alteration: they were much longer compared with carpels of non-transgenic plants, and had purple spots overall on the surface as filaments of non-transgenic plants. No morphological alterations were observed in vegetative organs between transgenic and non-transgenic plants for all the three species. The results obtained in the present study indicate a possibility of molecular breeding for flower form alteration by genetic transformation with the class B MADS-box gene(s) of heterologous plant species.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11032-007-9103-0

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  • Early identification of intra- and intergeneric hybrids among colchicaceous ornamentals, Gloriosa spp., Littonia modesta Hook. and Sandersonia aurantiaca Hook., by flow cytometry and random amplified polymorphic DNA analyses 査読

    Junji Amano, Sachiko Kuwayama, Yoko Mizuta, Tomo Oomiya, Toru Nakamura, Masaru Nakano

    JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE   76 ( 1 )   73 - 78   2007年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC HORTICULTURAL SCI  

    Plantlets derived from ovule culture following intra- or intergeneric crosses among Colchicaceous ornamentals, Gloriosa spp., Littonia modesta Hook. and Sandersonia aurantiaca Hook., were subjected to flow cytometry (FCM) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analyses in order to verify their hybridity. For crosses between plants with apparently distinct relative fluorescence intensity (RFI) of nuclei, i.e., intrageneric crosses between Gloriosa genotypes with different ploidy levels, and most intergeneric crosses, detection of hybrid plantlets could be readily accomplished by FCM analysis. The results of hybrid identification by RAPD analysis supported those of FCM analysis. In addition, RAPD analysis allowed the verification of the hybridity of intra- or intergeneric cross-derived plantlets, which could not be identified as hybrids by FCM analysis due to the similarity of RFI of the parents or appearance of the RFI peak in an unexpected position. Totally, 110 independent hybrid plantlets (60 intrageneric and 50 intergeneric hybrids) have so far been identified by FCM and/or RAPD analyses. Thus, FCM in combination with RAPD analyses offer simple and rapid means for the early detection of intrageneric and intergeneric hybrids in Colchicaceous ornamentals.

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.76.73

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  • Somaclonal variation and stability of GUS gene expression in transgenic agapanthus (Agapanthus praecox ssp orientalis) plants at the flowering stage 査読

    Shiro Mori, Eriko Oka, Hiroto Umehara, Sakae Suzuki, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Yosuke Hoshi, Masayoshi Kondo, Yosuke Koike, Masaru Nakano

    IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY-PLANT   43 ( 1 )   79 - 87   2007年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Agapanthus (Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis), a liliaceous perennial, is cultivated as an ornamental plant because of its beautiful, blue-violet to white flowers. We have previously produced transgenic plants containing the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene under the control of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter in an experimental strain of Agapanthus via Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. These transgenic plants have been cultivated for 5 yr after transplantation to pots. In the present study, we carried out morphological characterization, and examination of the ploidy level, pollen fertility and stability of GUS gene expression in 12 transgenic plants derived from five independent lines at the flowering stage. Flow cytometry (FCM) analysis indicated that transgenic plants of four lines kept the diploid level, but those of the remaining one line were tetraploid. For all of the 12 transgenic plants, some morphological variations were observed both in vegetative and floral organs such as decreased number of leaves per inflorescence, smaller leaves, shorter inflorescence stalks, decreased number of florets per inflorescence and smaller florets. Pollen fertility of all the transgenic plants was below 5% as determined by acetocarmine staining. All the 12 transgenic plants showed stable expression of the GUS gene in leaves, roots, tepals, pistils, and stamens, as indicated by histochemical GUS assay, fluorometric GUS assay, and/or real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. No apparent GUS gene silencing was observed in transgenic agapanthus plants even after 5 yr of cultivation.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11627-006-9012-7

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  • フローサイトメトリー分析および RAPD 分析によるコルチカム科花き園芸植物(グロリオーサ属植物,リットニアおよびサンダーソニア)における属内および属間雑種の早期同定

    天野 淳二, 桑山 幸子, 水多 陽子, 大宮 知, 中村 徹, 中野 優

    The Horticulture Journal   76 ( 1 )   73 - 78   2007年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 園芸学会  

    コルチカム科花き園芸植物であるグロリオーサ属植物 (&lt;i&gt;Gloriosa&lt;/i&gt; spp.),リットニア (&lt;i&gt;Littonia modesta&lt;/i&gt; Hook.) およびサンダーソニア (&lt;i&gt;Sandersonia aurantiaca&lt;/i&gt; Hook.) において属内および属間交雑を行い,胚珠培養により得られた小植物体の雑種性を確認するためにフローサイトメトリー (FCM) 分析および RAPD 分析を行った.倍数性が異なるグロリオーサ属植物の属内交雑や多くの属間交雑など,核の相対蛍光強度 (RFI) が明らかに異なる植物間の交雑においては,FCM 分析により雑種小植物体の同定を容易に行うことができた.RAPD 分析による雑種同定の結果は,FCM 分析の結果を支持するものであった.さらに,両親の RFI が類似している場合や RFI のピークが期待される位置に出現しない場合など,FCM 分析による雑種同定ができない小植物体についても,RAPD 分析により雑種性を確認することができた.FCM 分析または RAPD 分析により,これまでに合計110系統(60系統の属内雑種および50系統の属間雑

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.76.73

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  • Somaclonal variation in Tricyrtis hirta plants regenerated from 1-year-old embryogenic callus cultures 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Toshikazu Nomizu, Keiko Mizunashi, Mami Suzuki, Shiro Mori, Sachiko Kuwayama, Megumi Hayashi, Hiroto Umehara, Eriko Oka, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Megumi Asano, Shintaro Sugawara, Hiroki Takagi, Hiroyuki Saito, Masashi Nakata, Toshinari Godo, Yoshihiro Hara, Junji Amano

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   110 ( 4 )   366 - 371   2006年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    The Liliaceous perennial Tricyrtis hirta, sometimes called 'Japanese toad lily', has recently become popular as an ornamental for pot and garden uses. Highly embryogenic callus cultures of this plant predominately consisted of diploid cells but also contained tetraploid cells after 1 year of establishment. In the present study, plans regenerated from the 1-year-old embryogenic callus cultures were subjected to ploidy level analysis and morphological characterization following 3 years of cultivation. Among 37 plants examined, 28 kept the diploid level (2n = 2x = 26) but nine were tetraploid (2n = 4x = 52) as indicated by FCM analysis and chromosome observation. Although no morphological alterations were detected in 26 out of 28 diploid regenerants, the remaining two showed noticeable variations: both were severely dwarf and had crimped leaves and many malformed flowers. The tetraploid regenerants had several horticulturally attractive characteristics compared with the diploid controls, such as longer shoots, thicker stems, and larger flowers. Thus regeneration of tetraploid plants from 1-year-old embryogenic callus cultures offers a possibility to improve the horticultural value of T hirta, although regeneration of trueness-to-type plants is essential for utilizing the cultures for micropropagation and genetic transformation. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2006.07.026

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  • Production of inter-section hybrids between Primula filchnerae and P-sinensis through ovule culture 査読

    Junji Amano, Juntaro Kato, Masaru Nakano, Masahiro Mii

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   110 ( 2 )   223 - 227   2006年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Inter-section hybrids were obtained in the reciprocal crosses between Primula filchnerae (2n = 2x = 24) of Sect. Pinnatae and P. sinensis 'Fanfare' (2n = 2x = 24) of Sect. Auganthus by rescuing ovules on half-strength (1/2) Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium supplemented with 50 g l(-1) sucrose, 2.5 g l(-1) gellan gum, 0.1 mg l(-1) a-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 0.1 mg l(-1) 6-benzyladenine (BA) and 50 mg l(-1) gibberellic acid (GA(3)). In ovule culture, germination occurred with radicle elongation but no plumule was observed. The radicle kept on the initial medium showed root proliferation with callus formation. When the calluses were transferred to (1/2)MS media containing 30 g l(-1) sucrose and 3 g l(-1) gellan gum, without plant growth regulators (PGRs) or with I mg l(-1) zeatin and 0.1 mg l(-1) NAA, plantlets were regenerated. The plants thus obtained were confirmed to be hybrids through flow cytometry (FCM) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analyses. The hybrid obtained when P. filchnerae was used alpha as the maternal parent was diploid, whereas hexaploid hybrid was obtained when using P. sinensis as the maternal parent. The hexaploid hybrid might be produced through chromosome doubling of a triploid originated from the fertilization of P. sinensis with unreduced pollen of P. filchnerae. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2006.06.027

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  • Callus formation and plant regeneration in various Lilium species and cultivars 査読

    Shiro Mori, Yukiko Adachi, Sakae Horimoto, Sakae Suzuki, Masaru Nakano

    In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant   41 ( 6 )   783 - 788   2005年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    In researching the application of genetic transformation to lily breeding, callus formation from cultured explants and plant regeneration from induced calluses were examined in 33 Lilium genotypes, 21 species, three Asiatic hybrids, two LA hybrids, two Longiflorum hybrids, three Oriental hybrids, and two Trumpet hybrids. Seed, bulb scale, leaf, or filament explants were placed on a medium containing 4.1 μM, 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (picloram
    PIC) and cultured in the dark. After 2 mo., callus formation was observed in 30 genotypes, and a formation frequency of more than 50% was obtained in 24 genotypes. Bulb scale and filament explants showed great ability to form calluses, whereas seeds had poor ability. Most of the induced calluses were yellow and had a nodular appearance. When subcultured onto the same fresh medium, twofold or more increases in callus mass were obtained in 1 mo. for 15 genotypes. Callus lines showing sustained growth 1 yr after the initiation of subculture were examined for their ability to produce shoots on a medium without plant growth regulators (PGRs) and a medium containing 22 μM 6-benzyladenine (BA). Shoot regeneration was observed in all genotypes examined, and a regeneration frequency of over 80% was obtained in 20 genotypes. Initial explants used for callus induction and callus type (nodular or friable) had no effect on shoot regeneration. Most of the regenerated shoots developed into complete plantlets following their transfer to a PGR-free medium. © 2005 Society for In Vitro Biology.

    DOI: 10.1079/IVP2005707

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  • The modified ABC model explains the development of the petaloid perianth of Agapanthus praecox ssp orientalis (Agapanthaceae) flowers 査読

    T Nakamura, T Fukuda, M Nakano, M Hasebe, T Kameya, A Kanno

    PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY   58 ( 3 )   435 - 445   2005年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    The class B genes, which belong to the MADS-box gene family, play important roles in regulating the development of petals and stamens in flowering plants. To understand the molecular mechanisms of floral development in Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (Agapanthaceae), we isolated and characterized the homologs of the Antirrhinum majus genes GLOBOSA and DEFICIENS in this plant. These were designated as ApGLO and ApDEF, respectively. ApGLO and ApDEF contain open reading frames that encode deduced protein with 210 and 214 amino acid residues, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that ApGLO and ApDEF belong to the monocot class B gene family. In situ hybridization experiments revealed that hybridization signals of ApGLO and ApDEF were observed in whorl 1 as well as in whorls 2 and 3. Moreover, the flowers of transgenic Arabidopsis plants that ectopically expressed ApGLO formed petal-like organs in whorl 1. These observations indicate that the flower developmental mechanism of Agapanthus follows the modified ABC model.

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  • アグロバクテリウム法によるムスカリの形質転換におけるbar遺伝子とhpt遺伝子の選抜効率の比較

    鈴木 栄, 中野 優, 小池 洋介, 上田 健治, 井上 正保, 西原 昌宏, 山村 三郎

    園芸学会雑誌   74 ( 1 )   60 - 62   2005年1月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    アグロバクテリウム法によるムスカリ (&lt;i&gt;Muscari armeniacum&lt;/i&gt; cv. Blue pearl) の形質転換における選抜マーカー遺伝子&lt;i&gt;bar&lt;/i&gt; の有効性を調査した. 葉片由来のエンブリオジェニックカルスを&lt;i&gt;A&lt;/i&gt;. &lt;i&gt;tumefaciens&lt;/i&gt; EHA101/pBH (ビアラホス耐性遺伝子&lt;i&gt;bar&lt;/i&gt; およびハイグロマイシン耐性遺伝子&lt;i&gt;hpt&lt;/i&gt; がT-DNA上にコードされている) との共存培養後, 4 mg・liter&lt;sup&gt;&amp;minus;1&lt;/sup&gt;ビアラホスまたは75 mg・liter&lt;sup&gt;&amp;minus;1&lt;/sup&gt;ハイグロマイシンを含む選抜培地に移植した. 選抜開始4~5週間後, ビアラホス耐性またはハイグロマイシン耐性カルスがそれぞれの選抜培地上で形成された. PCR分析の結果, &lt;i&gt;bar&lt;/i&gt; 遺伝子を用いた場合の形質転換効率は90%以上となり, この効率は&lt;i&gt;hpt&lt;/i&gt; 遺伝子を用いた場合の選抜効率と同等であった. また, ビアラホス耐性形質転換カルスから再生した植物体の葉片は4 mg・liter&lt;sup&gt;&amp;minus;1&lt;/sup&gt;ビアラホスに耐性を示した. これらの結果より, アグロバクテリウム法によるムスカリの形質転換にお

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  • Comparison of selection efficiency between the bar and hpt genes in Agrobacterium mediated transformation of Muscari armeniacum 査読

    S Suzuki, M Nakano, Y Koike, K Ueda, M Inoue, M Nishihara, S Yamamura

    JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE   74 ( 1 )   60 - 62   2005年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC HORTICULTURAL SCI  

    Embryogenic calli of Muscari armeniacum cv. Blue Pearl were co-cultivated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA101/pBH, which harbored a binary vector that carries the phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (bar) and hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt) genes. The calli were then transferred onto the selection media containing either 4 mg (.) liter(-1) bialaphos or 75 mg (.) liter(-1) hygromycin. Four to five weeks after transfer to the selection media, both bialaphos-resistant (Bia(r)) and hygromycin-resistance (Hyg(r)) cell clusters were produced. Over 90% of callus lines selected on a bialaphos-containing medium were verified to be transgenic by PCR analysis; this selection efficiency is comparable to that based on the hpt gene. Leaf segments of plantlets regenerated from the transgenic Bia(r) callus lines showed resistance to 4 mg (.) liter(-1) of bialaphos, indicating that the bar gene is useful not only as a selectable marker but also as a producer of herbicide-resistant transgenic plants of M. armeniacum.

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  • Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Lilium longiflorum 査読

    Y. Hoshi, M. Kondo, H. Kobayashi, S. Mori, M. Nakano

    Acta Horticulturae   673   543 - 547   2005年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:International Society for Horticultural Science  

    We have previously developed a system for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of the Oriental hybrid lily, Lilium 'Acapulco' (Hoshi et al., 2004). Since no transformed plants of L. longiflorum could be obtained with this system, we made some modifications in this system. Following a scratching-treatment of filament-derived calluses of L. longiflorum 'Georgia' with sandpaper, they were co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens strain EHA101/pIG121Hm, which harbored the binary vector carrying the neomycin phosphotransferase II (nptII), hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt), and intron-containing ?-glucuronidase (gus-intron) genes in the T-DNA region. By increasing the concentration of gellan gum in co-cultivation medium from 3 to 10 g L-1, about 3-fold increase was obtained in the number of blue spots resulting from transient expression of the gus gene. The concentration of hygromycin for selecting putative transformants was decreased from 50 to 35 mg L-1. By using an improved system, 5 hygromycin-resistant (Hyg r) culture lines have so far been obtained from 280 co-cultivated calluses of 'Georgia'. Plantlets were regenerated from all of these Hyg r lines, and they were confirmed to be transgenic by inverse PCR analysis and GUS histochemical assay.

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  • Adventitious shoot regeneration and micropropagation of the Japanese endangered Hylotelephium sieboldii (Sweet ex Hook.) H. Ohba and H. sieboldii var. ettyuense (Tomida) H. Ohba 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Miho Nagai, Shigefumi Tanaka, Masashi Nakata, Toshinari Godo

    Plant Biotechnology   22 ( 3 )   221 - 224   2005年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Japanese Society for Plant Cell and Molecular Biology  

    Due to indiscriminate collection, the natural habitat of Hylotelephium sieboldii and H. sieboldii var. ettyuense have been significantly reduced. For ex situ conservation and efficient vegetative propagation, a micropropagation system based on adventitious shoot regeneration was developed for these two endangered species. Leaves, stems and roots of in vitro-grown plantlets, and flower buds of greenhouse-grown plants were used as explants. For H. sieboldii, adventitious shoots were most efficiently regenerated from flower bud explants on a medium containing 1 mg l-1 each of NAA and BA. Adventitious shoot regeneration from flower bud explants under this condition was also obtained in H. sieboldii var. ettyuense, but with lower efficiencies. Adventitious shoots of both species rooted and developed into plantlets on a medium containing 0.1 mg l-1 IBA. Almost all of these plantlets were successfully transplanted to the greenhouse. At least at early stage of growth, they showed no apparent morphological alterations. Copyright © 2005 The Japanese Society for Plant Cell and Molecular Biology.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.22.221

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  • Agrobacterium-mediated production of transgenic plants in tricyrtis hirta (Liliaceae) 査読

    Y. Adachi, S. Mori, M. Nakano

    Acta Horticulturae   673   415 - 419   2005年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:International Society for Horticultural Science  

    A system for producing transgenic plants has been developed for the Liliaceous geophyte Tricyrtis hirta via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Tepal-derived embryogenic calluses were co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens EHA101/pIG121Hm, which harbored the binary vector carrying the neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPTII), hygromycin phosphotransferase (HPT) and intron-containing ?-glucuronidase (GUS-intron) genes in the T-DNA region. The duration of co-cultivation and acetosyringone (AS) treatment during co-cultivation affected the frequency of transient expression of the GUS gene: the best result was obtained when embryogenic calluses were co-cultivated for 7 days in the presence of 50 mg l-1 AS. Following co-cultivation, the calluses were transferred to a medium lacking plant growth regulators (PGRs) but containing 40 mg l-1 hygromycin and 300 mg l-1 cefotaxime, on which several hygromycin-resistant (Hygr) somatic embryos were produced 8 weeks after transfer. These embryos were transferred to the same medium but containing lower concentrations of antibiotics (20 mg l -1 hygromycin and 100 mg l-1 cefotaxime) to promote germination. Finally, Hygr embryo-derived plantlets were established on a medium without both PGRs and antibiotics. Most of them were verified to be stable transformants by GUS histochemical assay and PCR analysis.

    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.673.52

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  • Isolation and characterization of a cytochrome P450 gene from Muscari armeniacum 査読

    S. Mori, M. Nakano, M. Kondo, Y. Hoshi, H. Kobayashi

    Acta Horticulturae   673   429 - 435   2005年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:International Society for Horticultural Science  

    Flavonoid 3'5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H), a member of the cytochrome P450 family, is the key enzyme for the expression of blue or purple flower color. By a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based strategy using a degenerate primer designed from the conservative region of the F3'5'H genes, a full-length cDNA (accession number AB127340) was cloned from blue flower tepals of Muscari armeniacum 'Blue Pearl', and its genomic clone designated MaP450 (accession number AB127341), was isolated from leaves. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that MaP450 contains an open reading frame (ORF) of 1512 bp, which consists of two exons (888 and 624 bp) encoding a polypeptide of 503 amino acid residues. The deduced amino acid sequence of MaP450 has several conserved regions of the cytochrome P450 proteins, but shows only 34-37% identities with those of previously reported F3'5'H genes. Southern blot analysis showed that there are 5-6 copies of MaP450 in the genome of M. armeniacum 'Blue Pearl'. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses revealed that MaP450 is expressed developmentally paralleling anthocyanidin accumulation in the tepal. The expression pattern of MaP450 is similar to those of the majority of genes involved in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. Transcripts of MaP450 were markedly detected in tepals of Muscari genotypes with colored flowers, but only slightly detected in those of genotypes with white flowers. These results indicate that MaP450 may be a P450 gene involved in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway in Muscari species.

    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.673.54

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  • Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from callus cultures of several species in the genus Tricyrtis 査読

    Masaru Nakano, Keiko Mizunashi, Shigefumi Tanaka, Toshinari Godo, Masashi Nakata, Hiroyuki Saito

    In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant   40 ( 3 )   274 - 278   2004年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The liliaceous perennial plants, Tricyrtis spp., are cultivated as ornamental plants in Japan. Natural populations of several Japanese Tricyrtis spp. are severely threatened by indiscriminate collection and habitat destruction. In this study, a plant regeneration system based on somatic embryogenesis has been developed for efficient clonal propagation of T. hirta, T. hirta var. albescens, T. formosana, T. formosana cv. Fujimusume, T. flava ssp. ohsumiensis, and T. macrantha ssp. macranthopsis. Flower tepal explants of these genotypes were cultured on media containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) or 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (picloram, PIC) alone or in combination with N-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)-N′-phenylurea (thidiazuron, TDZ). Calluses induced on media containing 2,4-D produced somatic embryos following their transfer to a plant growth regulator-free medium, indicating that these calluses were embryogenic. A combination of 4.5 μM 2,4-D and 0.45 μM TDZ was most effective for inducing embryogenic calluses from tepal explants. Among various explant sources, filaments were most suitable for inducing embryogenic calluses on a medium containing 4.5 μM 2,4-D and 0.45 μM TDZ. Embryogenic calluses were only obtained from filament explants for T. macrantha ssp. macranthopsis. Embryogenic calluses could be maintained by subculturing monthly onto the same medium, and a 1.5-3.5-fold increase in fresh weight was obtained after 1 mo. of subculture. Depending on the plant genotype, 50-500 somatic embryos per 0.5 g fresh weight of embryogenic callus was obtained 1 mo. after transfer to a plant growth regulator-free medium. Most of the embryos developed into plantlets, and they were successfully acclimatized to greenhouse conditions. Regenerated plants showed no alteration in the ploidy level as indicated by chromosome observation and flow cytometric analysis.

    DOI: 10.1079/IVP2003506

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  • Somatic embryogenesis from leaf- and flower bud- derived calluses in various Muscari species and cultivars. 査読

    森 志郎, 中野優

    Propagation of Ornamental Plants   4   58 - 62   2004年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • 日本で広く栽培されているレタス品種におけるアグロバクテリウム法による形質転換

    中野 優, 牧野 太英, 末吉 邦

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   56 ( 2 )   59 - 66   2004年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学  

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  • Heterologous expression of the flavonoid 3′,5′-hydroxylase gene of Vinca major alters flower color in transgenic Petunia hybrida 査読

    S. Mori, H. Kobayashi, Y. Hoshi, M. Kondo, M. Nakano

    Plant Cell Reports   22 ( 6 )   415 - 421   2004年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Flavonoid 3′,5′-hydroxylase (F3′5′H) is the key enzyme for the expression of blue or purple flower color. A full-length cDNA for the F3′5′H gene was cloned from petals of Vinca major, and its genomic clone, designated VmFH1 (accession number AB078781 in the GenBank/ EMBL/DDBJ databases), was isolated from leaves by a PCR-based strategy. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that VmFH1 contains one intron and an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 506 amino acid residues. The deduced amino acid sequence shows between 51% and 83% identity with those of previously reported F3′5′H genes. Southern blot analysis showed that there are 3-4 copies of the F3′5′H gene in the genome of V. major. Transcripts of the F3′5′H gene were detected in young flower petals but not in leaves as revealed by RT-PCR analysis. When VmFH1 was expressed in transgenic Petunia hybrida under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter, some transgenic plants showed drastic flower color alteration from red to deep red with deep purple sectors. These transgenic plants accumulated 3′,5′-hydroxylated anthocyanins in their petals, which were never detected in non-transgenic plants by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. These results indicate that VmFH1 isolated from V. major encodes F3′5′H and is active in a heterologous plant species.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00299-003-0709-3

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  • Production of transgenic lily plants by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation 査読

    Y. Hoshi, M. Kondo, S. Mori, Y. Adachi, M. Nakano, H. Kobayashi

    Plant Cell Reports   22 ( 6 )   359 - 364   2004年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A system for the production of transgenic plants was developed for the Oriental hybrid lily, Lilium cv. Acapulco, by Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. Filament-derived calli were co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens strain EHA101/pIG121Hm, which harbored a binary vector carrying the neomycin phosphotransferase II, hygromycin phosphotransferase, and intron-containing β-glucuronidase genes in the T-DNA region. Six hygromycin-resistant (Hygr) culture lines were obtained from 200 calli by scratching them with sandpaper prior to inoculation and using NH4NO3-free medium for co-cultivation and a hygromycin-containing regeneration medium for selection. Hygr culture lines regenerated shoots, which developed into plantlets following transfer to a plant growth regulator-free medium. All of these plantlets were verified to be transgenic by GUS histochemical assay and inverse PCR analysis.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00299-003-0700-z

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  • Horticultural characterization of Angelonia salicariifolia plants transformed with wild-type strains of Agrobacterium rhizogenes 査読

    Y Koike, Y Hoshino, M Mii, M Nakano

    PLANT CELL REPORTS   21 ( 10 )   981 - 987   2003年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER-VERLAG  

    Genetic transformation was carried out with wild-type strains of Agrobacterium rhizogenes for introducing a dwarf trait into the Scrophulariaceous ornamental plant, angelonia (Angelonia salicariifolia). Leaf segments of two angelonia genotypes (Ang.1 and Ang.2) were co-cultivated with mikimopine-type strains of A. rhizogenes. Adventitious roots that showed vigorous growth and increased lateral branching when cultured on half-strength Murashige and Skoog's (MS) basal salts medium lacking plant growth regulators (PGRs) after co-cultivation were selected as putatively transformed lines. All of these selected lines produced mikimopine. Adventitious shoots were efficiently induced from putatively transformed root segments on half-strength MS basal salts medium containing 1 mg l(-1) benzyladenine (BA) under continuous illumination (24-h photoperiod), and the shoots easily rooted following their transfer to half-strength MS basal salts medium lacking PGRs. The transgenic nature of regenerated plants was confirmed by Southern hybridization. Transformed plants frequently died during their acclimatization, and acclimatized plants of eight transformed lines grew very slowly for 1-5 months after transplantation to the greenhouse. Plants of two transformed lines of Ang.2 flowered 4-6 months after transplantation. These transformed plants exhibited phenotypic alterations such as dwarfness and smaller leaves. There were no apparent alterations observed in the number, shape, and size of the flowers. Pollen fertility of the transformed plants was 60-80% based on aceto-carmine staining. These results indicate the possibility of applying A. rhizogenes-mediated transformation for introducing a dwarf trait into angelonia.

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  • サイトカイニンの標識標品の保持特性と質量スペクトル

    児島清秀, 谷沢貞幸, 高橋みや子, 塩田望, 馬場正, 池田富喜夫, 中野優, HAN D‐S, 新美芳二

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   55 ( 2 )   83 - 90   2003年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学農学部  

    サイトカイニン(CKs)の定量において、精度と感度の向上のために、安定同位体標識とコールド(非標識の天然型)標品のHPLCでの保持と MSでの質量スペクトルの特性を試験Lた。ODSとPhタイプのカラムの両方で、ゼアフチン(Z)とゼアチンリボシド(ZR)の両者とも、重水素ラベルの標品がコールドよりも早く溶出した。negative modeにおいて、ZRの m/z133/134と218の消長のパターンはZ と同様で、2H5-ZRでは分子イオンの m/z355巴断片イオンの133/134と223が見られた。 positive modeにおいて、 Z では、 20Vから60V で分子イオンの m/z220と断片の136が見られた。2H5-Z では、 Z の質量スペクトルの変化と同様に、分子イオンの m/z225と断片の137/136が見られた。 ZR では、 60V までは分子イオンのm/z352が見られ、 m/z136/137と220の消長のパターンはZ と同様であった。しかし、negative modeと同様に、 ZR の方が高いドリフト電圧が必要であった。2H5-ZRでは、分子イオンの m/z357と断片の m/z136/137と225が見られ、これらはZR および2H5-Z のビ

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  • サイトカイニンの標識標品の保持特性と質量スペクトル

    児島 清秀, 谷沢 貞幸, 高橋 みや子, 塩田 望, 馬場 正, 池田 富喜夫, 中野 優, 韓 東生, 新美 芳二

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   55 ( 2 )   83 - 90   2003年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学  

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  • Regeneration of diploid and tetraploid plants from callus-derived protoplasts of Agapanthus praecox ssp orientalis (Leighton) Leighton

    M Nakano, S Tanaka, M Oota, E Ookawa, S Suzuki, H Saito

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   72 ( 1 )   63 - 69   2003年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL  

    A system for plant regeneration from protoplasts was developed for the Liliaceous ornamental plant, Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (Leighton) Leighton 'Royal Purple Select' (2n=2x=32). Viable protoplasts were routinely isolated from leaf-derived embryogenic calluses with yields of 0.8 to 1.5x10(6) protoplasts per g FW of calluses. Protoplasts started to divide 5 to 7 days after isolation, and protoplast-derived colonies consisting of 50 to 100 cells were obtained after 1 month. A plating efficiency of 0.8% was obtained after 2 months of culture using a gellan gum-solidified medium containing 1 mg l(-1) each of PIC and BA under continuous illumination. Protoplast-derived calluses produced somatic embryos at a frequency of 46.7% on PGR-free medium, whereas 68.3% of the calluses regenerated adventitious shoots on a medium containing 1 mgl(-1) BA. Somatic embryos and adventitious shoots developed into plantlets, which were successfully transplanted to pots. Flow cytometric analysis and chromosome observation revealed that both diploid and tetraploid plants were regenerated from protoplasts.

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  • Ploidy estimation in Hemerocallis species and cultivars by flow cytometry

    H Saito, K Mizunashi, S Tanaka, Y Adachi, M Nakano

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   97 ( 2 )   185 - 192   2003年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Ploidy level was estimated for nine species and 94 cultivars in the genus Hemerocallis by flow cytometry (FCM) analysis. By using parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill) as an internal control, the ratio of the relative fluorescence intensity (RFI) of nuclei from each Hemerocallis genotype and parsley was calculated. The values (Hemerocallis/parsley ratio) for 103 Hemerocallis genotypes were clearly classified into three groups: 1.84-2.13 (group 1), 2.94-3.10 (group 2), and 3.74-4.26 (group 3). Since the diploid H.fulva var. littorea (2n = 22) and the triploid H. fulva var. kwanso (2n = 33) belonged to groups 1 and 2, respectively, the other Hemerocallis genotypes belonging to groups 1, 2 and 3 were considered to be di-, tri- and tetraploid, respectively. Chromosome counting in root tip cells revealed that Hemerocallis genotypes belonging to groups 1, 2 and 3 had 22, 33 and 44 chromosomes, respectively. No cytochimeras and polysomaty were observed. Thus, FCM analysis has proven useful for simple and rapid estimation of the ploidy level of Hemerocallis species and cultivars. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4238(02)00150-4

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  • Isolation and characterization of gametic microprotoplasts from developing microspores of Lilium longiflorum for partial genome transfer in the Liliaceous ornamentals

    H Saito, M Nakano

    SEXUAL PLANT REPRODUCTION   15 ( 4 )   179 - 185   2002年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER-VERLAG  

    We have established a system for isolating gametic microprotoplasts from developing microspores of Lilium longiflorum 'Hinomoto' (2n = 2x = 24) as a first step toward the production of intergeneric hybrid plants with one or a few alien chromosomes via microprotoplast fusion in the Liliaceous ornamentals. Anthers of this cultivar containing microsporocytes at mainly diakinesis to metaphase I were cultured for 3-4 days in a medium containing half-strength MS salts, double-strength MS vitamins, 1 g l(-1) casamino acids, 100 g l(-1) sucrose, and one of four spindle toxins: amiprophosmethyl, isopropyl N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate (CIPC), colchicine or propyzamide. Of the four spindle toxins examined, CIPC at concentrations of 5 or 10 muM efficiently induced micronucleation with the mean number of nuclei per meiocyte being 7.5. CIPC treatment also efficiently induced micronucleation in the other five Lilium genotypes evaluated (L. regale, L. longiflorum 'Georgia', L. speciosum 'Uchida', the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King' and the Aurelian hybrid lily 'Golden Splendor') with the mean number of nuclei per meiocyte falling within the range 5.4-11.7. In 'Hinomoto', each meiocyte nucleus formed a microcell 4-5 days after initiation of CIPC treatment. Following isolation of such meiocytes from the anthers and their incubation in a cell-wall-digesting enzyme solution, gametic (micro)protoplasts of less than 10 mum, 10-20 mum and 20-50 mum in diameter were obtained with yields of 5.5x10(4), 6.6x10(4) and 4.9x10(4) per anther, respectively. Smaller microprotoplasts with DNA content below the 2C level, as indicated by flow cytometric analysis, were enriched by sequential filtration through nylon sieves of decreasing pore size (50, 20 and 10 mum). The relative fluorescence intensity in some of their nuclei corresponded to that of one or only a few chromosomes.

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  • Plant regeneration from suspension cultures of Hosta sieboldiana

    H Saito, M Nakano

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   71 ( 1 )   23 - 28   2002年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL  

    Systems for establishing suspension cultures and for inducing plant regeneration from these cultures for the Liliaceous ornamental plant, Hosta sieboldiana (Lodd.) Engl. have been developed. Pale-yellow and nodular calluses were induced from more than 20% of scape segments on MS medium containing 1 mg l(-1) picloram (PIC), 30 g l(-1) sucrose, and 2 g l(-1) gellan gum. Upon transfer of calluses to the same medium lacking gellan gum, stably-growing suspension cultures were established after 1 month. Suspension cell clusters regenerated a large number of adventitious shoots following transfer to MS media containing 0.1 mg l(-1) NAA in combination with either BA or TDZ. Over 20 shoots per 0.3 g FW of cell clusters were obtained on media containing 0.1 mg l(-1) NAA and either 1 or 5 mg l(-1) TDZ. Shoots rooted easily on plant growth regulator (PGR)-free MS medium, and plantlets were successfully transferred to soil. Plants showed no visible morphological alterations and maintained the diploid level as indicated by flow cytometric analysis.

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  • Embryogenic callus induction from leaf explants of the Liliaceous ornamental plant, Agapanthus praecox ssp orientalis (Leighton) Leighton - Histological study and response to selective agents

    S Suzuki, M Oota, M Nakano

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   95 ( 1-2 )   123 - 132   2002年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Highly embryogenic callus cultures were established from leaf explants in the Liliaceous ornamental plant, Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (Leighton) Leighton, as the first step toward the development of an efficient transformation system. Embryogenic calli were induced and then maintained by monthly subculturing onto a medium containing 1 mg l(-1) picloram. Upon transfer to a plant growth regulator-free medium, the calli produced numerous somatic embryos, most of which could develop into plantlets. Histological observations revealed that, following the transfer of the embryogenic calli to a plant growth regulator-free medium, 2- to 6-cell proembryos, probably of unicellular origin, were produced, which passed through the globular and oval stages, and developed into club-shaped embryos with cotyledon, shoot apex and radicle. For establishing an efficient selection system in future transformation, the effects of selective agents (kanamycin, 6418, hygromycin and bialaphos) as well as antibiotics for eliminating Agrobacterium (carbenicillin and cefotaxime) were examined on the growth and development of the embryogenic calli. Callus growth was completely inhibited by 50 mg l(-1) hygromycin or 4 mg l(-1) bialaphos, and somatic embryo formation was completely inhibited by 50 mg l(-1) hygromycin, 75 mg l(-1) G418 or 3 mg l(-1) bialaphos. On the other hand, carbenicillin and cefotaxime rather promoted both growth and development of the embryogenic calli. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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  • プロピザミド処理したヘメロカリス懸濁培養細胞からのマイクロプロトプラストの単離とその特徴

    斉藤 宏之, 中野 優

    育種学研究   4 ( 1 )   51 - 52   2002年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本育種学会  

    マイクロプロトプラストを用いた非対称融合により,ユリ科花卉園芸植物において属間の染色体添加系統を作出することを目的として,微小核を形成したヘメロカリス`ステラ・デ・オロ&#039;(Hemerocallis hybrida cv. Stella d&#039;Oro)の懸濁培養細胞からマイクロプロトプラストを単離する方法を確立した.培養細胞を2mMハイドロキシウレア(HU)で24時間,その後8μMプロピザミド(PRO)で60時間処理し,さらにPRO処理を開始して20時間後に20μMサイトカラシン-B(CB)を添加することにより,微小核の形成が効率的に誘導され,そのときの微小核形成率は19.1%であった.微小核を形成した細胞を細胞壁消化酵素溶液で処理し,単離されたプロトプラストをパーコール連続密度勾配を用いて超遠心分離を行うことにより,わずかな細胞質に囲まれた小核をもつマイクロプロトプラストが単離された.それらを孔径50,20および10μmのナイロンメッシュに連続して通すことにより,直径10μm以下のマイクロプロトプラストが1ml圧縮細胞量の培養細

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  • Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in Liliaceous ornamental plants

    Sakae Suzuki, Masaru Nakano

    Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly   36 ( 3 )   119 - 127   2002年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences  

    Studies on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in 3 Liliaceous ornamental plants, Lilium formosanum, Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis and Muscari armeniacum, were described. Three different strains of A. tumefaciens were used, all of which harbored the binary vector carrying the nptII, hpt and gus-intron genes in the T-DNA region. For L. formosanum, no transgenic tissues nor plants were obtained after co-cultivation of organogenic calli with A. tumefaciens, although transient expression of the gus gene could be detected in the calli during co-cultivation. On the other hand, several hygromycin-resistant (Hygr) cell clusters were obtained for both A. praecox ssp. orientalis and M. armeniacum following the transfer of co-cultivated embryogenic calli onto hygromycin (Hyg)-containing media. Hygr calli developed into complete plants via somatic embryogenesis, and most of them were confirmed to be transgenic plants based on GUS histochemical assay and PCR analysis. Southern blot analysis revealed the integration of 1 to 5 copies of the transgene into the genome of the transgenic plants of both 2 species, but most of them had 1 or 2 copies. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation systems developed for A. praecox ssp. orientalis and M. armeniacum may be useful as a tool for their genetic improvement as well as molecular biology studies.

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  • Isolation and characterization of microprotoplasts from propyzamide-treated cell suspension cultures of Hemerocallis hybrida

    Hiroyuki Saito, Masaru Nakano

    Breeding Science   52 ( 1 )   51 - 56   2002年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    To produce intergeneric hybrid plants with one or a few chromosomes via microprotoplast fusion in the Liliaceous ornamentals, we developed a system for isolating microprotoplasts from micronucleated cells in suspension cultures of Hemerocallis hybrida cv. Stella d'Oro (2n = 2x = 22). Micronucleation was efficiently induced with a micronucleus index up to 19.1% by the following sequential treatment of suspension cultures: initially with 2 mM hydroxyurea for 24 h and then with 8 μM propyzamide for 60 h with the addition of 20 μM cytochalasin-B to the cultures 20 h after the initiation of the propyzamide treatment. Following the enzyme treatment of the micronucleated cells and ultra-centrifugation with a continuous iso-osmotic gradient of Percoll solution, microprotoplasts were isolated, each of which had a small nucleus surrounded by a thin rim of cytoplasm. Microprotoplasts less than 10 μm in diameter were obtained with yield of 2.9 × 104 cells per 1 ml packed cell volume of suspension cells through sequential filtration with nylon sieves with decreasing pore sizes (50, 20 and 10 μm). The DNA content of the microprotoplasts was less than the 2C level as indicated by flow cytometric analysis, and the relative fluorescence intensity in some of their nuclei corresponded to one or a few chromosomes.

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  • Preparation of microprotoplasts for partial genome transfer via microprotoplast fusion in Liliaceous ornamental plants

    Hiroyuki Saito, Masaru Nakano

    Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly   36 ( 3 )   129 - 135   2002年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences  

    We aimed to produce intergeneric hybrid plants with only one or a few alien chromosomes via microprotoplast fusion for genetic improvement and chromosome studies in Liliaceous ornamental plants. In order to apply this technique, it is essential to establish an efficient system for mass-preparation of microprotoplasts. We have established 2 different systems for isolating microprotoplasts, one from partially synchronized cell suspension cultures of Hemerocallis hybrida and the other from developing microspores of Lilium longiflorum. Here, the induction of micronucleated cells, isolation of microprotoplasts, and enrichment of smaller microprotoplasts containing one or a few chromosomes are described for both systems.

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  • Agrobacterium-mediated production of transgenic plants of Muscari armeniacum Leichtl. ex Bak.

    S. Suzuki, M. Nakano

    Plant Cell Reports   20 ( 9 )   835 - 841   2002年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A system for the production of transgenic plants has been developed for the Liliaceous ornamental plant Muscari armeniacum Leichtl. ex Bak via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of embryogenic cultures. Leaf-derived embryogenic cultures were co-cultivated with each of three A. tumefaciens strains, all of which harbored the binary vector carrying the neomycin phosphotransferase II (nptII), hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt) and intron-containing β-glucuronidase (gus-intron) genes in the T-DNA region. Following co-cultivation, the embryogenic cultures were cultured on a medium containing 500 mg l-1 cefotaxime for 1 week followed by a medium containing 75 mg l-1 hygromycin in addition to cefotaxime. After 4-5 weeks, several hygromycin-resisrant (Hygr) cell clusters were produced from the co-cultivated embryogenic cultures. The highest efficiency of production of Hygr cell clusters was obtained when embryogenic cultures were inoculated with A. tumefaciens EHA101/pIG121Hm in the presence of 100 μM acetosyringone (AS) and 0.1% (v/v) of a surfactant (Tween20) followed by co-cultivation in the presence of 100 μM AS. Hygr embryogenic cultures developed into complete plants via somatic embryogenesis, and most of them were verified to be transgenic by GUS histochemical assay and polymerase chain reaction analysis. Southern blot analysis revealed the integration of one to five copies of the transgene into the genome of transgenic plants, but most of them had one or two copies.

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  • ヘメロカリス懸濁培養細胞における細胞分裂の同調化および微小核形成 : ハイドロキシウレアおよび様々な紡錘糸形成阻害剤の影響

    斉藤 宏之, 中野 優

    育種学研究   3 ( 4 )   2001年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本育種学会  

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  • Partial synchronization of cell division and micronucleation in suspension-cultured cells of Hemerocallis hybrida: The effects of hydroxyurea and various spindle toxins

    F Saito, M Nakano

    BREEDING SCIENCE   51 ( 4 )   285 - 291   2001年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC BREEDING  

    For the production of intergeneric hybrid plants with partial alien genome via microprotoplast fusion in the Lillaceous ornamentals, the effects of the DNA synthesis inhibitor, hydroxyurea (HU), and the spindle toxins, colchicine (COL), oryzalin (ORY), amiprophos-methyl (APM), butamiphos (BUT), isopropyl N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate (CIPC) and propyzamide (PRO) on the metaphase index (MI) and the percentage of micronucleated cells (micronucleus index; MNI) were examined in cell suspension cultures of Hemerocallis hybrida cv. Stella d'Oro. Suspension cells were subcultured every three days in MS medium containing 10 mg l(-1) picloram. Although MI was only 2-3% in the asynchronous control cultures, it increased up to 8.9% and 9.7% by treatment of the cultures with HU and COL, respectively. In addition, MI was further increased by using the sequential treatments of the cultures with HU and each spindle toxin: the highest MI of 30.5% was obtained by treatment with 2 mM HU for 24 h followed by that with 250 muM COL for 20 h. COL and ORY were more effective for synchronizing cell division than the other four spindle toxins. The effects of various spindle toxin treatments on the micronucleation of suspension cultures were also examined by combining the HU pre-treatment for 24 h. Among the six spindle toxins, COL and ORY induced few micronuclei, whereas APM, BUT, CIPC and PRO induced micronucleation in cells to various extents. The most effective treatment for micronucleation was that with 8 muM PRO for 66 h, where MNI was 14.7% and the number of micronuclei per cell ranged from 1-7 were obtained.

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  • Organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis from callus cultures in Muscari armeniacum Leichtl. ex Bak.

    S. Suzuki, M. Nakano

    In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant   37 ( 3 )   382 - 387   2001年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Society for In Vitro Biology  

    Establishment of fast-growing, highly regenerable callus cultures was examined in Muscari armeniacum Leichtl. ex Bak. in order to develop an efficient genetic transformation system. High-frequency callus formation was obtained from leaf explants of cv. Blue Pearl on media containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) or 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (picloram, PIC). Fast-growing, yellowish nodular callus lines and white friable callus lines containing a few somatic embryos were established on initiation medium supplemented with 4.5 μM 2,4-D and with 54 μM NAA, respectively. The yellowish nodular calluses vigorously produced shoot buds after transfer to media containing 0.44-44 μM 6-benzyladenine (BA), whereas the white friable calluses produced numerous somatic embryos upon transfer to plant growth regulator-free (PGR-F) medium. Histological observation of shoot buds and somatic embryos indicated that the former consisted of an apparent shoot meristem and several leaf primordia, and the latter had two distinct meristematic regions, corresponding to shoot and root meristems. Both shoot buds and somatic embryos developed into complete plantlets on PGR-F medium. Regenerated plants showed no observable morphological alterations. High proliferation and regeneration ability of these calluses were maintained for over 2 yr.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11627-001-0067-1

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  • Flow cytometric analysis of partially synchronized suspension cultures of Hemerocallis hybrida

    Hiroyuki Saito, Masaru Nakano

    Plant Biotechnology   18 ( 3 )   229 - 231   2001年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Japanese Society for Plant Cell and Molecular Biology  

    Cell division of suspension cultures of Hemerocallis hybrida was partially synchronized by treating with hydroxyurea (HU), a DNA synthesis inhibitor, followed by treatment with colchicine (COL), a spindle toxin, as the first step toward an efficient preparation of microprotoplasts. During COL treatment, suspension cells were analyzed for relative DNA contents using flow cytometry (FCM) as well as mitotic index (MI) under microscopy. MI reached a peak after 20 h of COL treatment. In FCM analyses, histogram of asynchronous cultures showed three peaks (2C, 4C and 8C nuclei), and the numbers of both 4C and 8C nuclei gradually increased until 18 h after the initiation of COL treatment. After 20 h of COL treatment, the numbers of 4C and 8C nuclei transiently decreased, indicating that a large number of cells were at the prometaphase to metaphase stages. These results indicate that FCM analyses offer a simple and rapid means of preliminary examination for arresting cell-cycle at metaphase in partially synchronized suspension cultures of H. hybrida.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.18.229

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  • Production of transgenic plants of the Liliaceous ornamental plant Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (Leighton) Leighton via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of embryogenic calli

    Sakae Suzuki, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana, Masahiro Mii, Masaru Nakano

    Plant Science   161 ( 1 )   89 - 97   2001年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A system for producing transgenic plants was developed for the Liliaceous ornamental Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (Leighton) Leighton via Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. Leaf-derived embryogenic calli were inoculated with A. tumefaciens strain EHA101/pIG121Hm or LBA4404/pTOK233, both of which harbored the binary vector carrying the neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPTII), hygromycin phosphotransferase (HPT) and intron-containing β-glucuronidase (GUS-intron) genes in the T-DNA region. Following co-cultivation, the calli were transferred to a medium containing 1 mg 1-1 picloram (PIC), 50 mg 1-1 hygromycin and 500 mg 1-1 cefotaxime, on which several hygromycin-resistant (Hygr) cell clusters were obtained 5-6 weeks after transfer. Agrobacterium strain, co-cultivation period and acetosyringone (AS) treatment during co-cultivation affected the number of Hygr callus lines produced: the best result was obtained when embryogenic calli were co-cultivated with LBA4404/pTOK233 for 7 days in the presence of 20 mg 1-1 AS. Hygr calli were transferred to the same medium, but lacking PIC, for inducing somatic embryos. Somatic embryos thus obtained developed into complete plantlets following their transfer to a medium without PIC and antibiotics. All of them were verified to be stable transformants by GUS histochemical assay, PCR and Southern blot analyses. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9452(01)00393-4

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  • ヘメロカリス(Hemerocallis hybrida)における縣濁細胞培養系の確立およびその特性

    斎藤 宏之, 中野 優

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   53 ( 1 )   1 - 8   2000年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学  

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  • Decrease in the regeneration potential of long-term cell suspension cultures of Lilium formosanum Wallace and its restoration by the auxin transport inhibitor, 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid

    M Nakano, T Sakakibara, S Suzuki, H Saito

    PLANT SCIENCE   158 ( 1-2 )   129 - 137   2000年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD  

    Cell suspension cultures of Lilium formosanum Wallace were initiated from bulb scale-derived calli and subcultured every 2 weeks using a medium containing 5 mu M 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (picloram). Almost all cell clumps from the suspension cultures developed numerous somatic embryos following their transfer onto a plant growth regulator-free medium, while they vigorously produced shoot buds on media containing 0.5 or 5 mu M 6-benzyladenine (BA). The high regeneration potential on a plant growth regulator-free medium was maintained for up to 54 months, but it gradually decreased thereafter, and only a few adventitious shoots and embryos were obtained from 75-month-old cultures. For restoring the regeneration potential of these cultures, various treatments with plant growth regulators were applied, among which about 10-fold increases in the number of regenerated shoot buds were obtained with 0.5 or 5 mu M 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) in combination with 0.5 or 5 mu M BA or N-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)-N'-phenylurea (thidiazuron). Only shoot buds were produced from the cell clumps cultured on TIBA-containing media, and these shoot buds developed into complete plantlets after they were excised from the calli and transferred to a plant growth regulator-free medium. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9452(00)00313-7

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  • Interspecific hybrids between Lilium nobilissimum and L-regale produced via ovules-with-placental-tissue culture

    Y Obata, Y Niimi, M Nakano, K Okazaki, Miyajima, I

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   84 ( 1-2 )   191 - 204   2000年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Reciprocal pollination was made between Lilium nobilissimum and L. regale. Pollen tubes reached the base of style within 144 h after pollination, but no mature seeds were obtained in either cross combination. Explants, or ovules-with-placental-tissue excised from each carpel 30 and 40 days after pollination (DAP), were cultured on a medium composed of major salts of B-5 macronutrient (Gamborg, O.L., Miller, R.A., Ojima, K., 1968. Exp. Cell Res. 50, 151-158), micronutrient, Fe-EDTA and vitamins of MS (Murashige, T., Skoog, F., 1962. Physiol. Plant. 15, 473-497), 5% sucrose and 0.2% gellan gum. In L. regale x Lilium nobilissimum, 3% of ovules excised at 30 DAP and 9% of those excised at 40 DAP developed into seedlings. In Lilium nobilissimum x L. regale, only 3.6% of ovules excised 40 DAP developed into seedlings, and none of the ovules excised 30 DAP produced any seedlings. Bulbs of L;. regale and hybrids transplanted to soil showed some resistance to bulb-rot, leaf-top scorch, browning spots and/or streaking on leaves, but those of Lilium nobilissimum were sensitive to these diseases. Flowering individuals were nearly intermediate between parents in their morphological characteristics. All flowering individuals (2n = 24 chromosomes) were identified as hybrids based on karyotype, isozyme and random amplified polymorphic DNA analyses. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4238(99)00115-6

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  • ヒメサユリの成球生産に関する研究 培養中の子球の糖・デンプン含量および液体培地の糖の種類・含量の経時的変化と子球生長との関係

    新美 芳二, 三崎 裕, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌   69 ( 2 )   161 - 165   2000年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    ヒメサユリ(Lilium rubellum Baker)子球(培養開始時の新鮮重30&amp;acd;60mg)の生長に適した液体培地のショ糖濃度を決定するため, 培地および培養中の子球の糖変化を調査した.1. 100, 150および250mMのショ糖を添加したMS培地(それぞれ, 100, 150および250mMショ糖培地とよぶ)で子球を8週間培養した結果, その新鮮重増加率は250mMショ糖培地で高く, その増加は培養開始4から8週間後で最大であった.2. 250mMショ糖培地をオートクレーブで滅菌したあと培地中の糖を調査したところ, 217.5mMショ糖, 32.5mMブドウ糖と32.5mM果糖が検出された.3. 150mMおよび250mMショ糖培地に含まれる3種類の糖(ショ糖, ブドウ糖および果糖)は, 150mMショ糖培地で培養開始8週間後, 250mMショ糖培地では12週間後にほとんど消失した.4. 上述の2種類の培地で培養した子球中の糖(ショ糖, ブドウ糖, 果糖)およびデンプン含量の変化を調査した.ショ糖は培養4週間まで増加し, そのあと減少した.一方, ブドウ糖および果糖は培養期間中ほぼ一定であった.デン

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.69.161

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  • Production of commercial bulbs of Lilium rubellum baker: Changes in carbohydrates in bulblets and sugars of liquid medium during their culture

    Y Niimi, Y Misaki, M Nakano

    JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE   69 ( 2 )   161 - 165   2000年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC HORTICULTURAL SCI  

    1. Bulblets of Lilium rubellum were cultured for 16 weeks in liquid MS medium containing 100, 150 and 250 mmol . liter(-1) (mM) sucrose (referred to as 100, 150 and 250 mM sucrose medium, respectively). The 250 mM sucrose medium enhanced bulblet growth the most. The greatest gain in fresh weight occurred between 4 and 8 weeks after culture. The ratio of dry to fresh weights (DW/FW) of bulblets cultured in the 250 mM sucrose medium was always highest.
    2. Three sugars (sucrose, glucose, and fructose) were detected in the autoclaved MS medium. When bulblets were cultured in the liquid sucrose medium, the concentration of glucose and fructose in the medium increased until week 4 as the sucrose concentration decreased. Sugars in the 150 mM sucrose medium were nearly depleted by week 8, whereas those in the 250 mM sucrose medium persisted for 12 weeks. The growth rate of the bulblets declined as sugar concentration in the medium decreased.
    3. The sucrose content in bulblets, cultured in each medium, increased until week 4, then decreased. However, in bulblets, cultured in the 250 mM sucrose medium, the sugar content increased again after 12 weeks of culture, while starch content decreased. Hence, it appears that the starch accumulated in the bulblets was hydrolyzed to glucose.
    These results indicate that the growth of bulblets of L. rubellum cultured in liquid medium can be promoted by subculturing the bulblets after 8 to 12 weeks of culture.

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  • Histological examination of callogenesis and adventitious embryogenesis in immature ovary culture of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) 査読

    M Nakano, Y Watanabe, Y Hoshino

    JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE & BIOTECHNOLOGY   75 ( 2 )   154 - 160   2000年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:HEADLEY BROTHERS LTD  

    Histological examinations of callogenesis and adventitious embryogenesis in immature ovary culture of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. 'Neo Mat') were carried out during different phases of ontogenetic development. Adventitious embryos and/or embryogenic calli were obtained when immature ovary explants were cultured on a callus induction medium (C medium) for two months followed by transfer of callus-forming explants onto an embryogenesis induction medium (E medium). Microscopic observations of serial sections of the explants revealed that the calli formed on C medium were initiated preferentially from receptacle parenchyma cells. No cell division in the embryo sac was observed and most of them degenerated four weeks after the onset of culture. Two to four weeks after transfer of the explants onto E medium, calli characterized by dense cytoplasm, conspicuous nuclei and thick cell walls were newly formed in the initially-formed, receptacle-derived ones. Proembryos simultaneously developed in the newly formed calli, indicating that they were embryogenic calli. Cell division of embryo sacs was never observed even on E medium, and adventitious embryos and embryogenic calli were hence of somatic origin. Adventitious embryos developed asynchronously and passed through globular, heart, torpedo and cotyledonary stages. These adventitious embryos germinated and developed into plantlets following their transfer onto a plant growth regulator-free medium.

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  • 単離したアジアティックハイブリッド'コネチカットキング'の小胞子培養および小胞子由来のカルス形成

    韓 東生, 新美 芳二, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌   69 ( 1 )   52 - 56   2000年1月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    ユリにおいて単離小胞子からのカルスの誘導に初めて成功した.圃場で栽培した&#039;コネチカットキング&#039;から花らい(長さ2-3cm)を採取し, やくから1核期の小胞子を単離し, 25℃, 暗黒下で培養した.小胞子の生存と発達に及ぼす炭素源(ショ糖およびマルトース)と培地更新の影響をMS培地を用いて検討した.培地の炭素源は培養小胞子の生存率および発達に影響した.小胞子の生存率はショ糖よりもマルトースを添加した培地で高かった.培地の更新は小胞子の生存率を改善しなかった.ショ糖培地では, 多数の小胞子がデンプン粒を蓄積し, それは培養を継続しても分裂しなかった.一方, マルトース培地では, デンプン粒を含む, 膨張した小胞子はほとんどなく, 小胞子の分裂が観察された.これらの小胞子は分裂を繰り返し, 多細胞小胞子やカルスに発達した.

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.69.52

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  • Formation of calli from isolated microspore cultures of Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King'

    DS Han, Y Niimi, M Nakano

    JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE   69 ( 1 )   52 - 56   2000年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC HORTICULTURAL SCI  

    Calli from microspores were induced for the first time in Lilium species. The uninucleate microspores of the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King' were isolated and cultured in liquid medium, containing half strength of MS macronutrients, full strength of micronutrients, Fe-EDTA and vitamins of MS, 100 mg . liter(-1) cosamino acids, 500 mg . liter(-1) glutamine, 1 mg . liter(-1) picloram and 0.25 M sucrose or maltose. Microspore viability and development of cultured microspores were influenced by the carbohydrate sources in culture medium. A relatively high viability rate of microspores was observed in the maltose medium, compared with that of sucrose. Cell divisions of microspores and callus formation were found in the maltose medium, whereas in the sucrose medium, a large number of swollen microspores containing many starch grains remained undivided. Hence, maltose is the preferred carbohydrate source for microspore culture of 'Connecticut King'.

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  • Histological examination of callogenesis and adventitious embryogenesis in immature ovary culture of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.)

    M. Nakano, Y. Watanabe, Y. Hoshino

    Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology   75 ( 2 )   154 - 160   2000年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Headley Brothers Ltd  

    Histological examinations of callogenesis and adventitious embryogenesis in immature ovary culture of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. 'Neo Mat') were carried out during different phases of ontogenetic development. Adventitious embryos and/or embryogenic calli were obtained when immature ovary explants were cultured on a callus induction medium (C medium) for two months followed by transfer of callus-forming explants onto an embryogenesis induction medium (E medium). Microscopic observations of serial sections of the explants revealed that the calli formed on C medium were initiated preferentially from receptacle parenchyma cells. No cell division in the embryo sac was observed and most of them degenerated four weeks after the onset of culture. Two to four weeks after transfer of the explants onto E medium, calli characterized by dense cytoplasm, conspicuous nuclei and thick cell walls were newly formed in the initially-formed, receptacle-derived ones. Proembryos simultaneously developed in the newly formed calli, indicating that they were embryogenic calli. Cell division of embryo sacs was never observed even on E medium, and adventitious embryos and embryogenic calli were hence of somatic origin. Adventitious embryos developed asynchronously and passed through globular, heart, torpedo and cotyledonary stages. These adventitious embryos germinated and developed into plantlets following their transfer onto a plant growth regulator-free medium.

    DOI: 10.1080/14620316.2000.11511215

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  • Long term maintenance of an anther-derived haploid callus line of the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King'

    DS Han, Y Niimi, M Nakano

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   61 ( 3 )   215 - 219   2000年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL  

    A haploid callus line from anther cultures of the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King' was maintained for a long term. The survival and growth of the haploid calluses were affected by auxins of picloram, alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and temperatures of 25, 15 and 7 degrees C during culture. Picloram was more suitable for maintenance of the haploid calluses, whereas NAA and 2,4-D led to root and shoot formation from the haploid calluses. The best temperature for maintenance was 25 degrees C. About 90% of cells in calluses were maintained in haploid level during 60 weeks of subculture, and about 80% of cells were haploid in the calluses maintained over 2 years with the MS medium containing 4 mu M picloram in the dark at 25 degrees C.

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  • 葯由来の半数性カルスのコルヒチン処理によるアジアティックハイブリッドユリ 'コネチカットキング'の倍加半数体の作出

    韓 東生, 新美 芳二, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌   68 ( 5 )   979 - 983   1999年9月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    本研究ではコルヒチン処理によるアジアティックハイブリッドユリ&#039;コネチカットキング&#039;の倍加半数体植物の獲得方法について検討した.葯由来の半数性カルスの生存率とシュート再生率は, コルヒチン濃度の上昇および処理時間の延長にともなって低下したが, 2倍性カルス細胞の割合は増加した.半数性カルス細胞の倍加とシュート再生率には, 0.25mMと0.5mMのコルヒチンを用いた48時間または72時間処理が良好であることが明らかとなった.コルヒチン処理された半数性カルスは半数体と2倍体植物を再生したが, 対照区(コルヒチン無処理)のカルスは半数性植物のみを再生したことから, これらの2倍体植物は半数性細胞が倍加されたことにより得られた倍加半数体植物であることが推察された.倍加半数体植物では, 葉の気孔サイズは半数体植物のものと比べ大きく, 子球もよく発達した.

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  • Production of doubled haploid plants through colchicine treatment of anther-derived haploid calli in the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King'

    DS Han, Y Niimi, M Nakano

    JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE   68 ( 5 )   979 - 983   1999年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC HORTICULTURAL SCI  

    An effective method for producing doubled haploid plants of the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King' was established with an in vitro colchicine treatment of haploid calli. With an increase in the concentration and duration of colchicine treatment for the haploid calli, both the survival rate and the shoot regeneration from the calli decreased, but the frequency of diploid cells in the callus increased. Treatments of 0.25 and 0.5 mM colchicine for 48 or 72 hrs induced doubled haploid cells and shoot differentiation from calli. Haploid and diploid plantlets were regenerated from colchicine- treated calli, and only haploid plantlets were formed in colchicine-free treatments. This result suggests that these diploid plantlets originated from doubled haploid cells. Double haploids developed bulblets with more scaly leaves with longer stomatal guard cells than did the haploid plantlets.

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  • テッポウユリ(Lilium longiflorum Thunb)` ジョージア' および` ひのもと' の自家受粉における花粉管の動向および種子形成に及ぼす植物成長調節物質処理の影響

    新美 芳二, 李 同華, 中野 優

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   52 ( 1 )   1 - 10   1999年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学  

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  • アグロバクテリウム法によるカーネーション花弁への遺伝子導入および形質転換小植物体の作出

    中野 優, 小池 洋介, 渡辺 祐輔

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   51 ( 2 )   105 - 114   1999年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学  

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  • Adventitious shoot regeneration and micropropagation of hybrid tuberous begonia (Begonia x tuberhybrida Voss)

    M Nakano, Y Niimi, D Kobayashi, A Watanabe

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   79 ( 3-4 )   245 - 251   1999年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Adventitious shoots elongating over 10 mm in length were efficiently obtained (8-9 elongated shoots per explant) from both leaf and petiole segments of the 'rose-formed' strain of hybrid tuberous begonia (Begonia x tubeuhybrida Voss) on MS media containing 0.54 mu M NAA and 0.44 mu M BA. Shoots were efficiently multiplied by shaking shoot-forming leaf segments in a liquid medium containing 0.54 mu M NAA and 0.44 mu M BA, while shoot growth was stimulated by shaking them in a liquid medium without plant growth regulators. Plantlets were obtained by rooting the elongated shoots on half-strength MS media containing 0.54 mu M NAA and solidified with 8 g l(-1) agar or 2 g l(-1) gellan gum, and successfully transferred to the greenhouse. Regenerated plants grew into the flowering stage and showed no apparent morphological alterations. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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  • 7種類のユリのりん片培養における培養温度と光条件が子球の形成と発達に及ぼす影響

    新美 芳二, 中野 優, 磯貝 奈美子

    園芸学会雑誌   68 ( 1 )   28 - 34   1999年1月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    ヒメサユリ(Lilium rubellum Baker), カノコユリ(L. speciosum Thunb.), タモトユリ(L. nobilissimum Makino), タカサゴユリ(L. formosanum Wallace), テッポウユリ&#039;ひのもと&#039;(L. longiflorum Thunb. &#039;Hinomoto&#039;), イワユリ(L. maculatum Thunb.), およびアジアティックハイブリッド&#039;紅姿&#039;(L. X&#039;Benisugata&#039;)のりん片培養における培養温度(15℃あるいは25℃)および光条件(連続照明下あるいは暗黒下)が子球の形成および発達に及ぼす影響を調査した.1. どのユリも15℃よりも25℃で培養した場合に多くの子球を形成し, ヒメサユリと&#039;紅姿&#039;では15℃でも25℃の場合と同程度に子球を形成した.そしてタカサゴユリ, テッポウユリ&#039;ひのもと&#039;および&#039;紅姿&#039;の子球はいずれの培養温度でも暗黒下よりも連続照明下で促進された.2. 形成された子球の生長はいずれのユリにおいても15℃よりも25℃で促進された.25℃の温度下ではタモトユリを除くすべてのユリでりん片葉の形成が明条件下促進された.そしてタカサゴユリ, &#039;ひのもと&#039;およびイワユリでは暗条件下で子

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.68.28

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  • Effects of temperature and illuminating conditions on regeneration and development of bulblets in scale culture of seven Lilium spp.

    Y Niimi, M Nakano, N Isogai

    JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE   68 ( 1 )   28 - 34   1999年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC HORTICULTURAL SCI  

    Excised scales of lily bulbs were kept at 15 degrees C and 25 degrees C,and under continuous light or dark to study the regeneration and development of bulblets. The seven species were examined: Lilium rubellum Baker, L. speciosum Thunb. 'Uchida', L. nobilissimum Makino, L. formosanum Wallace. L. longiflorum Thunb. 'Hinomoto', L maculatum Thunb., and the Asiatic hybrid L. X 'Benisugata'.
    1. Generally, more bulblets were regenerated at 25 degrees C than at. 15 degrees C in all Lilium spp: bulblets of L. rubellum and L. X 'Benisugata' were formed equally well at 15 degrees C and 25 degrees C. Regardless of temperatures, more bulblets of L. formosanum, L. longiflorum 'Hinomoto', and L. X 'Benisugata' regenerated in the light more than they did in the dark.
    2. Regenerated bulblets grew better under light at 25 degrees C than at 15 degrees C and the light stimulated the formation of scaly leaves from bulblets of all species and cultivars, except in L, nobilissimum. In L. nobilissimum, bulblets failed to form scaly leaves under any cultural conditions. Growth of bulblets of L, formosanum, L. longiflorum' Hinomoto', and L. maculatum was promoted in darkness? whereas the bulblets of L. rubellum and L. nobilissimum grew best under light at 25 degrees C.
    3. Bulblets regenerated at 15 degrees C tended to rot during cold treatments compared with those regenerated at 25 degrees C, and the latter bulblets sprouted more frequently than the former ones after transplantation in a greenhouse.

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.68.28

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  • Production of transgenic grapevine ( Vitis vinifera L. cv. Koshusanjaku) plants by Co- cultivation of embryogenic calli with agrobacterium tumefaciens and selecting secondary embryos

    Yogic Hoshino, Yan-Ming Zhu, Masaru Nakano, Eikichi Takahashi, Masahiro Mii

    Plant Biotechnology   15 ( 1 )   29 - 33   1998年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Japanese Society for Plant Cell and Molecular Biology  

    Embryogenic calli induced from leaf segments of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Koshusanjaku) were cocultivated for 5 days with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains EHA101 (pIG121Hm) or LBA4404 (pTOK233), both of which contained the plasmid carrying the neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPT II), hygromycin phosphotransferase (HPT) and the β-glucuronidase (GUS) genes. Putative transgenic calli were selected on 2g/l gellan gum-solidified Nitsch's medium (1969) containing 50 mg/l kanamycin and 20 g/l sucrose after co-cultivation with A. tumefaciens. Transformation frequency of the embryogenic calli evaluated by GUS histochemical assay was increased by the addition of acetosyringone to co-culture medium. Complete transgenic plants were selected among secondary embryos formed on the surface of embryos in the presence of kanamycin. Finally, kanamycin-resistant plants expressing GUS gene were obtained. PCR analysis confirmed their transgenic nature by detecting GUS and NPT II genes.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.15.29

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  • Effects of several antibiotics and bialaphos on the growth and organ formation of lilium formosanum calli and transient expression of the gusa gene after co cultivation with agrobacterium tumefaciens

    Sakae Suzuki, Yoshiji Niimi, Toshiaki Sakakibara, Keizo Hosokawa, Saburo Yamamura, Masaru Nakano

    Plant Biotechnology   15 ( 4 )   213 - 216   1998年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Japanese Society for Plant Cell and Molecular Biology  

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.15.213

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  • Production of commercial Lilium rubellum baker bulbs: Effects of volume and renewal of liquid medium on in vitro growth, bulb rot infection during cold treatment, and post-in-vitro growth of bulblets

    Yoshiji Niimi, Masaru Nakano, Shigemi Saito

    Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science   66   113 - 119   1997年12月

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    Bulblets of Lilium rubellum Baker were cultured for 16 weeks in a 20-, 30- or 40-ml liquid medium renewed 0, 1, or 3 times. The bulblets were assessed for growth and rot infection. 1. Bulblets with fresh weight of more than 600 mg were obtained by using a 20- or 30-ml medium with 3 renewals, or 40 ml with one renewal. 2. Bulblets frequently turned brown when they were cultured in a 30- or 40-ml medium with 3 renewals: they frequently rotted both during a cold treatment and after transplantation. 3. Bulblets cultured in a 20-ml medium did not rot after a cold treatment irrespective of the number of medium renewals; they grew well after transplantation to the greenhouse. 4. Bulblets cultured in a 20-ml medium with 3 renewals most frequently developed into plantlets with elongated axes 15 weeks after transplantation. These results indicate that the 20-ml medium with 3 renewals appears to be most suitable for bulblet culture of L. rubellum in a liquid medium.

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.66.113

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  • Establishment of embryogenic cultures in several cultivars of Vitis vinifera and V. x labruscana

    M Nakano, T Sakakibara, Y Watanabe, T Mii

    VITIS   36 ( 3 )   141 - 145   1997年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BUNDESANSTALT ZUCHTUNGS FORSCHUNG KULTURPFLANZEN  

    Establishment of embryoenic cultures was examined for different tissue explants in 23 cultivars of grapevine (Vitis spp.). The explants were initially cultured on callus induction media (C media) for 2 months; and those producing calli were then transferred to an embryogenesis induction medium (E medium) containing 1 mu M 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), on which adventitious embryos or embryogenic calli were induced 4 to 6 months after transfer. C media containing 10 mu M 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) in combination with 10 mu M N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N'-phenylurea (CPPU) or N-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)-N'-phenylurea (TDZ) were suitable for inducing subsequent adventitious embryogenesis from leaf explants of V. vinifera Koshusanjaku. Adventitious embryogenesis was more efficiently induced from immature ovary explants than leaf and anther ones. Among 23 cultivars examined, embryogenic cultures, such as embryogenic calli or adventitious embryos proliferating via secondary embryogenesis, were established in 10 cultivars including V. vinifera Sekirei, Rosario Bianco, Semillon and Merlot, and V. x labruscana Delaware. These embryogenic cultures could be maintained without loosing a high regeneration capacity for over 20 months by subculturing onto fresh E medium. They could be useful as a target material for Agrobacterium- or particle gun-mediated genetic transformation.

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  • ヒメサユリの成球生産に関する研究 液体培地の量と更新が子球の試験管内での生長, 低温処理中の腐敗および移植後の生育に及ぼす影響

    新美 芳二, 中野 優, 斉藤 成美

    園芸学会雑誌   66 ( 1 )   113 - 119   1997年6月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    ヒメサユリ(&lt;I&gt;Lilium rubellum&lt;/I&gt; Baker)子球の培養における液体培地の量(20,30,40ml)および更新(0,1,2回)が子球の生長および腐敗に及ぼす影響を調査した.&lt;BR&gt;1.子球の新鮮重増加率は培地の量と更新の両方に影響され,培地量が20および30mlの場合は更新を3回行った際に増加率が最も高かったが,培地量40mlの場合は1回の更新で最も高かった.新鮮重が600mg以上の子球数は,培地量が20あるいは30mlで3回の更新を行った場合に最も多く得られた.&lt;BR&gt;2.培養中の子球の褐変は培地量が30および40ml,培地3回の更新の場合に多く観察された.&lt;BR&gt;3.20mlの液体培地中で培養された子球では,培地の更新に関係なく低温処理中の腐敗は観察されず,温室内での生長も良好であった.一方,子球を30あるいは40mlの培地で培養し3回の更新を行った場合には,低温処理中および温室に移植した後に子球の腐敗が高頻度で観察された.&lt;BR&gt;4.移植15週間後の地上型植物は,20mlの液体培地を3回更新した培養区で最も多く得られた.&lt;BR&gt;以上の結果から,ヒ

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  • Highly efficient system of plant regeneration from protoplasts of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L) through somatic embryogenesis by using embryogenic callus culture and activated charcoal

    YM Zhu, Y Hoshino, M Nakano, E Takahashi, M Mii

    PLANT SCIENCE   123 ( 1-2 )   151 - 157   1997年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD  

    A simple protocol is described for high frequency plant regeneration from protoplasts isolated from leaf-derived embryogenic calli of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Koshusanjaku). The protoplasts successfully divided to form somatic embryos by culturing in gellan gum disc-method in which protoplasts were embedded in 2 g/l gellan gum-solidified Nitsch's medium containing 2.0 mg/l NAA, 0.5 mg/l BA, 0.09 M sucrose and 0.3 M glucose at a density of 1 x 10(5) protoplasts/ml. For the continuous growth of the colonies without browning, it was essential to add 0.3% (w/v) AC in the liquid reservoir medium from the beginning of the culture. In this culture condition, protoplasts started to divide after IO days of culture and grew into torpedo embryos 4 months after initiation of culture. The torpedo embryos thus obtained germinated normally by transferring onto 2 g/l gellan gum-solidified PGR-free Nitsch's medium containing 30 g/l sucrose. The regenerated plants were successfully transferred to the greenhouse and showed normal morphology. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9452(96)04557-8

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  • Regeneration of haploid plants from anther cultures of the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King'

    DS Han, Y Niimi, M Nakano

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   47 ( 2 )   153 - 158   1997年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    A system for producing haploid plants from anther cultures was developed for the Asiatic hybrid lily 'Connecticut King'. Anthers containing microspores at the mid- to late-uninucleate stages were cultured on MS media supplemented with various plant growth regulators. Microspores containing 3 or 4 vegetative-like nuclei were observed 2 to 3 weeks later, and yellowish nodular calluses appeared within dehisced anthers 2 to 3 months after culture. Picloram was superior to 2,4-D for inducing nodular calluses. Anthers from greenhouse-grown plants required higher concentrations of both picloram and cytokinins than those from field-grown plants and most frequently produced nodular calluses (17.6%) on MS medium containing 2 mg l(-1) picloram and 2 mg l(-1) zeatin. The nodular calluses regenerated many bulblets following transfer to MS medium supplemented with 0.1 or 0.5 mg l(-1) picloram and 0.01 mg l(-1) BA, and the bulblets developed into plantlets (bulblets with scaly leaves and roots) after transfer to MS medium containing 0.1 mg l(-1) NAA. Chromosome counts of root-tip cells of 11 plantlets revealed that five were haploids (2n = 12), two diploids (2n = 24), and four mixoploid. This result suggests that at least some plantlets were of gametophytic origin.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF02318951

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  • 花柱切断受粉法によるテッポウユリ'ジョージア'の花粉管伸長と種子形成に及ぼす予備受粉の効果

    李 同華, 新美 芳二, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌   65 ( 1 )   135 - 144   1996年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    自家不和合性のテッポウユリ邑ジョージア&#039;を用い,花柱切断受粉を行う場合の予備受粉が花粉管の生長および種子形成に及ぼす影響を調べた.&lt;BR&gt;1.&#039;花柱切断受粉法&#039;では自家および交雑受粉に関係なく花粉管は受粉48時間後に花柱基部に到達した.予備受粉を行うと花粉管伸長が促進され,花粉管は受粉後24時問目に多くの個体で花柱基部まで達することがわかった.&lt;BR&gt;2.自家および交雑受粉において,花柱切断受粉および予備受粉は花粉管内の生殖核の分裂に影響した.受粉24時間後の観察では,&#039;柱頭受粉法&#039;による交雑受粉(対照区)で観察した花粉管のうち,二つの生殖核と一つの栄養核(&#039;2S+V&#039;)を有する花粉管は78%であった.一方,&#039;花柱切断受粉法&#039;の交雑受粉で32%,自家受粉で9%であり,&#039;ひのもと&#039;の花粉を予備受粉に使うと&#039;2S+V&#039;の花粉管比率が増加した.&lt;BR&gt;3.&#039;柱頭受粉法&#039;による交雑受粉(対照区)では,子房内に侵入した花粉管は2列の胚珠問にある溝(胎座溝)を子房基部に向かって束となって伸長し,子房中央部

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.65.135

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  • 胚珠培養によるリーガルユリとヒメサユリの種間雑種の作出

    新美 芳二, 中野 優, 牧 健一郎

    園芸学会雑誌   64 ( 4 )   919 - 925   1996年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:園芸学会  

    リーガルユリ (&lt;I&gt;Littttm regale&lt;/I&gt;) の強健な性質をヒメサユリ (&lt;I&gt;L. rubellum&lt;/I&gt;) に導入することを目的として,両種間で相互交雑を行った.&lt;BR&gt;1.リーガルユリ&amp;times;ヒメサユリにおいては, 開花当日の柱頭受粉により低率 (3.3%)ながら有胚種子が得られた. しかし, それらの種子はバーミキュライトおよび試験管内に播種しても発芽しなかった. リーガルユリ&amp;times;ヒメサユリの雑種実生は受粉30~60日後に胚珠培養を行うことにより得られ, その頻度は5.3~6.7%であった.&lt;BR&gt;2.ヒメサユリ&amp;times;リーガルユリにおいては, 開花当日の柱頭受粉では受粉後に花粉管が花柱内で伸長を停止し, 受精が起こらなかった. しかし, 開花2~5日後に柱頭受粉を行うことにより花粉管伸長が促進され,開花5日後の受粉では胚形成が確認された. 花柱切断受粉は胚形成に効果がなかった. 開花5日後の受粉により得られた胚は, 胚珠培養を行っても救出することができなかった.&lt;BR&gt;3.リーガルユリ&amp;times;ヒメサユリから得られた個体の雑種性

    DOI: 10.2503/jjshs.64.919

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  • Adventitious shoot regeneration from leaf, stem and root explants of commercial cultivars of Gentiana

    Keizo Hosokawa, Masaru Nakano, Yayoi Oikawa, Saburo Yamamura

    Plant Cell Reports   15 ( 8 )   578 - 581   1996年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Verlag  

    Several culture conditions were examined for promoting efficient plant regeneration from explants of Gentiana. Adventitious shoot regeneration from leaf explants of cv. WSP-3 was very superior on MS medium, compared to B5 medium, supplemented with four cytokinins (TDZ, 4PU-30, BA and zeatin). An auxin / cytokinin combination was required for regeneration. TDZ was the most effective cytokinin, while NAA was more effective than IAA or 2,4-D. Optimum conditions for regeneration from explants (leaf, stem and root) of cv. WSP-3, evaluated in terms of regeneration frequency and number of regenerated shoots per explant, were TDZ and NAA in combination, 5-10 mg/l and 0.1 mg/1 for leaf and stem explants, and 10 mg/l and 1 mg/l for root explants, respectively. Application of these conditions to eight other commercial cultivars resulted in 30-100% regeneration from leaf explants. The number of chromosomes in each of ten regenerated plants of each cultivar was diploid, 2n=26. Shoots regenerated in vitro were rooted in phytohormone-free medium and transferred to soil.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00232456

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  • Intergeneric somatic hybrid plantlets between Dianthus barbatus and Gypsophila paniculata obtained by electrofusion

    M. Nakano, Y. Hoshino, M. Mii

    Theoretical and Applied Genetics   92 ( 2 )   170 - 172   1996年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Verlag  

    Hypocotyl-derived protoplasts of Dianthus barbatas that had been pretreated with iodoacetamide were fused electrically with cell suspension culture-derived protoplasts of Gypsophila paniculata that could divide to form callus but could not regenerate shoots under the culture conditions used in this study. Electrofusion-derived calli which produced shoots were selected as putative somatic hybrids, and plantlets were subsequently regenerated from 2 of these selected calli. These plantlets, which in vitro produced flowers precociously, were identified as intergeneric somatic hybrids by nuclear ribosomal DNA analysis. Normal plants have not been established up to the present.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00223372

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  • タカサゴユリ(Lilium formosanum Wallace)における簡便で効率的な実生獲得のための胚救出方法の検討

    新美 芳二, 中野 優, 後藤 正史

    植物組織培養 = Plant tissue culture letters   12 ( 3 )   317 - 319   1995年12月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:日本植物細胞分子生物学会  

    タカサゴユリ (&lt;i&gt;Lilium formosanum&lt;/i&gt;) において, 幼胚からの実生獲得方法を確立するために, 4通りの胚救出方法 (胚培養, 胚珠培養, 胎座付き胚珠培養, 子房輪切り培養) を比較したところ, 胚珠培養, 胎座付き胚珠培養および子房輪切り培養を行った場合には, 自家受粉後10日目の幼胚からも実生を獲得することができた. 特に, 胎座付き胚珠培養は比較的簡便に行え, また外植片の汚染も少ないといった点から, 最も実用的であると考えられた.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology1984.12.317

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  • PLANT-REGENERATION FROM PROTOPLASTS OF GENTIANA BY EMBEDDING PROTOPLASTS IN GELLAN GUM

    M NAKANO, K HOSOKAWA, T OOMIYA, S YAMAMURA

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   41 ( 3 )   221 - 227   1995年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL  

    A protoplast-to-plant system was developed in Gentiana using a gellan gum-embedding culture. Viable protoplasts could be routinely isolated from in vitro-grown plantlets, and they were embedded in 0.2% gellan gum-solidified B5 medium containing 2 mg l(-1) NAA, 0.1 mg l(-1) TDZ, 0.1 M sucrose and 0.4 M mannitol. Weekly addition of fresh liquid medium was essential for preventing cell browning. Colony growth was promoted by lowering mannitol concentration of the culture media after one month, and visible colonies were produced after 2 months of culture. Shoot regeneration from protoplast-derived calluses was stimulated by 1 to 10 mg 1(-1) TDZ in combination with 0.1 mg 1(-1) NAA. Protoplast-derived plants were recovered following rooting of the shoots in plant growth regulator-free medium and they were successfully transferred to soil.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00045085

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  • ナデシコ属植物のプロトプラストからの植物体再生に及ぼすプロトプラスト単離組織の影響

    中野 優, 三位 正洋

    植物組織培養 = Plant tissue culture letters   12 ( 1 )   62 - 67   1995年4月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:日本植物細胞分子生物学会  

    二種のナデシコ属植物, カーネーション (&lt;i&gt;Dianthus caryophyllus&lt;/i&gt;) およびビジョナデシコ (&lt;i&gt;D. barbatus&lt;/i&gt;) について, 葉, 花弁および胚軸から同一条件でプロトプラストを単離培養し, プロトプラストの収量, 生存率, 分裂率およびプロトプラスト由来カルスからの不定芽分化率を比較した. 胚軸由来プロトプラストの分裂率は葉肉由来プロトプラストと比較して高かったが, 花弁由来プロトプラストの分裂率は低かった. プロトプラスト由来カルスからの不定芽の分化は, 材料に葉を用いた場合にはほとんどあるいは全く観察されなかったが, 花弁および胚軸を用いた場合には比較的高頻度で観察された. 以上の結果から, ナデシコ属植物においては, プロトプラストの材料として胚軸, 次いで花弁が適していることが示唆された.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology1984.12.62

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  • PLANT-REGENERATION FROM CELL SUSPENSION-DERIVED PROTOPLASTS OF SAINTPAULIA-IONANTHA WENDL

    Y HOSHINO, M NAKANO, M MII

    PLANT CELL REPORTS   14 ( 6 )   341 - 344   1995年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER VERLAG  

    Friable calli were induced on leaf segments of Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl. on B5 medium containing 1 mg l(-1) 2,4-D and 2 g l(-1) casein hydrolysate. Cell suspension cultures were readily established from these friable calli and protoplasts could be isolated from the cells with yields of 1-3 x 10(7)/g f. wt.. By culturing in 0.1 % gellan gum-solidified B5 medium supplemented with 1 mg l(-1) 2,4-D and 0.1 M each of sucrose and mannitol at a density of 1 x 10(5)/ml, the protoplasts divided within 6 days and formed macro-colonies after 2 months of culture. Shoot regeneration from protoplast-derived calli was obtained by sequential treatment of the calli with plant growth regulators: initially with 1 mg l(-1) each of NAA and BA for 2 months followed by 0.01 mg l(-1) NAA and 5 mg l(-1) BA for 4 months. Regenerated plants were established after rooting of the shoots on half-strength MS medium, and successfully transferred to the greenhouse. The regenerated plants grew into flowering stage and showed the same phenotype as the parent plant.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00238593

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  • Regeneration of transgenic plants of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) via Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation of embyronic calli

    M. Nakano, Y. Hoshino, M. Mii

    Journal of Experimental Botany   45   649 - 656   1994年1月

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  • ADVENTITIOUS SHOOT REGENERATION FROM CULTURED PETAL EXPLANTS OF CARNATION

    M NAKANO, Y HOSHINO, M MII

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   36 ( 1 )   15 - 19   1994年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL  

    Adventitious shoot regeneration was compared among leaf, stem and petal explants of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) cv. Scania on MS medium containing different concentrations of 6-benzyladenine (BA) and alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). High frequency regeneration was obtained only from petal explants on the media containing 5 to 10 muM BA with or without 5 muM NAA. Among the cytokinins tested, N-2-chloro-4-pyridyl-N'-phenylurea and N-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl-N'-N'-phenyl-urea were more effective than BA, kinetin, N6-2-isopentenyl adenine and zeatin on regeneration from petal explants. Although, high frequency shoot regeneration was obtained from all petal explants harvested from various developmental stages of buds, a1 significant decrease in regeneration capacity was observed in the explants obtained from fully-opened flowers. High frequency shoot regeneration was also obtained from the petal explants of cvs. Coral, Lena, Nora and White Sim, and an interspecific cultivar Eolo using the method developed in this study.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00048310

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  • SOMATIC HYBRIDIZATION BETWEEN DIANTHUS-CHINENSIS AND D-BARBATUS THROUGH PROTOPLAST FUSION

    M NAKANO, M MII

    THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS   86 ( 1 )   1 - 5   1993年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER VERLAG  

    Protoplasts isolated from leaf mesophyll cells of Dianthus chinensis and D. barbatus were fused by polyethylene glycol (PEG). Calli exhibiting vigorous growth were selected from the PEG-treated protoplasts and shoots were regenerated from one of these calli after 5 months of culture. These shoots readily rooted and continuously produced flowers in the in-vitro condition. The data on flower color, chromosome number, and esterase isozyme patterns indicated that this plantlet was an interspecific somatic hybrid. The hybridity of the plantlet was also confirmed by nuclear rDNA analysis. This report provides the possibility of applying the somatic hybridization technique for the genetic improvement of the genus Dianthus.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00223802

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  • CALLUS AND ROOT-FORMATION FROM AN INTERGENERIC SOMATIC HYBRID BETWEEN DIANTHUS-CARYOPHYLLUS AND GYPSOPHILA-PANICULATA

    M NAKANO, M MII

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   53 ( 1-2 )   13 - 19   1993年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Protoplasts isolated from cell suspension cultures of two caryophyllaceous species, Dianthus caryophyllus L. and Gypsophila paniculata L., were fused using polyethylene glycol and cultured in Murashige and Skoog (1 962) (MS) medium containing 1 mg l-1 picloram and 0.7 M sorbitol. Among the calli produced, one showing green coloration and vigorous growth was identified as an intergeneric somatic hybrid based on isozyme analyses for esterase and glutamate dehydrogenase. Hybridity of this callus was also confirmed by Southern hybridization analysis using a rice rDNA probe. This somatic hybrid callus regenerated roots after 2 months of culture on MS medium containing 1 mg l-1 picloram, but shoot regeneration was not observed on any of the media tested.

    DOI: 10.1016/0304-4238(93)90133-B

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  • Antibiotics Stimulate Somatic Embryogenesis without Plant Growth in Several Dianthus Cultivars

    Masaru Nakano, Masahiro Mii

    Journal of Plant Physiology   141 ( 6 )   721 - 725   1993年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A range of antibiotics were screened for their ability to induce somatic embryogenesis from leaf explants in several Dianthus cultivars. Among the antibiotics tested, cefotaxime was most efficient for inducing somatic embryogenesis. Penicillin G and carbenicillin also induced somatic embryogenesis, but with lower frequencies. Auxins such as NAA, 2,4-D, and picloram had no effect on somatic embryogenesis. Somatic embryos transferred to a medium without both antibiotics and plant growth regulators developed into plantlets that could be grown to maturity following transfer to the green house. © 1993, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81581-6

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  • ナデシコ属花卉園芸植物の育種におけるバイオテクノロジーの応用

    中野 優, 三位 正洋

    Plant Biotechnology   10 ( 2 )   115 - 122   1993年

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:日本植物細胞分子生物学会  

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology1984.10.115

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  • INTERSPECIFIC SOMATIC HYBRIDIZATION IN DIANTHUS - SELECTION OF HYBRIDS BY THE USE OF IODOACETAMIDE INACTIVATION AND REGENERATION ABILITY

    M NAKANO, M MII

    PLANT SCIENCE   88 ( 2 )   203 - 208   1993年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD  

    Protoplasts isolated from mesophyll cells of Dianthus chinensis L. and Dianthus caryophyllus L. were fused by polyethylene glycol. Prior to fusion treatment, protoplasts of D. chinensis were inactivated with iodoacetamide to inhibit cell division. Protoplasts of D. caryophyllus divided to form callus under the culture conditions used in this study but no shoot regeneration was observed. Therefore, fusion-derived calli which regenerated shoots could be tentatively selected as somatic hybrid cell lines. Plants were regenerated from four cell lines, and three of them exhibited intermediate characteristics of both parents in plant height and flower morphology. Esterase isozyme analyses and chromosome counts indicated that they were interspecific somatic hybrid plants. The hybrid nature of these plants was also confirmed by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis.

    DOI: 10.1016/0168-9452(93)90092-E

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  • PROTOPLAST CULTURE AND PLANT-REGENERATION OF SEVERAL SPECIES IN THE GENUS DIANTHUS

    M NAKANO, M MII

    PLANT CELL REPORTS   11 ( 5-6 )   225 - 228   1992年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER VERLAG  

    Seventeen cultivars belonging to the genus Dianthus were examined for protoplast isolation, culture and shoot regeneration under the same conditions. These included D. caryophyllus, D. chinensis, D. barbatus, D. plumarius, D. superbus and D. japonicus as well as interspecific hybrid cultivars (D. caryophyllus x D. chinensis and D. chinensis x D. barbatus). In all cultivars, viable protoplasts were isolated at high yields from leaves of axenic shoot cultures and some of these protoplasts divided and formed colonies. However, shoot regeneration frequencies were markedly different among the species. High frequency shoot regeneration was obtained from D. chinensis and interspecific hybrid cultivars, while only low frequency or no shoot regeneration was obtained from other species.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00235070

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  • SHOOT REGENERATION FROM SPINACH HYPOCOTYL SEGMENTS BY SHORT-TERM TREATMENT WITH 5,6-DICHLORO-INDOLE-3-ACETIC ACID

    M MII, M NAKANO, K OKUDA, M IIZUKA

    PLANT CELL REPORTS   11 ( 2 )   58 - 61   1992年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER VERLAG  

    Factors affecting shoot regeneration from hypocotyl segments of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) were investigated. When explants were cultured on medium containing 10 mg/l IAA for 7 weeks, 3 out of 9 cultivars showed relatively high shoot regeneration response (15 - 35%). The other PGRs tested had no effect on shoot regeneration. However, the transfer of explants from auxin-containing medium to auxin-free medium 20 d after culture induced shoot formation from explants cultured on media containing each of the auxin sources tested individually. By applying this short term auxin treatment, more than 80% shoot regeneration was obtained on medium containing 5 - 20 mg/l 5,6-Cl2-IAA, compared to less than 30% with 10 - 20 mg/l IAA treatment.

    DOI: 10.1007/BF00235253

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  • シロイヌナズナ由来MBW複合体関連遺伝子が導入されたユリ'アカプルコ'形質転換体の形質調査

    藤本 卓生, 大谷 真広, 中野 優

    新潟大学農学部研究報告 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Niigata University   72   1 - 6   2020年2月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:新潟大学農学部  

    花き園芸植物において、花色や葉色は重要な形質である。アントシアニン類は花色や葉色を決定する主要な色素であり、それらはフラボノイド生合成経路により合成される。R2R3-MYB タンパク質、bHLH タンパク質およびWDR タンパク質は、複合体(MBW 複合体)を形成し、フラボノイド生合成酵素遺伝子の転写を活性化することが知られている。本研究では、MBW複合体関連遺伝子を用いた形質転換によるユリ' アカプルコ' の花色および葉色の改変を目的として、シロイヌナズナ由来MBW 複合体関連遺伝子が単独または複数組み合わせて導入された形質転換体の形質調査を行った。一部の形質転換系統では、小植物体の栄養器官が薄赤紫色または濃赤紫色に変化していた。これまでに4系統の形質転換体が開花に至ったが、bHLH 遺伝子が単独で導入された2系統の形質転換体においては、非形質転換体と比較して花被色が濃くなっていた。形質転換体の花被におけるアントシアニン類の定量分析を行ったところ、色が濃く変化した花被の総アントシアニン含量は非形質転換体と比較して有意に増加していた。これらの結果から、外来MBW 複合体遺伝子の異所発現により、小植物体の栄養器官や花被における内生フラボノイド生合成酵素遺伝子の転写が活性化され、アントシアニン類の生合成および蓄積が促進されたと考えられる。本研究により、MBW 複合体関連遺伝子を用いた形質転換によるユリの花色および葉色の改変の可能性が示された。

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    その他リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/00051505

  • コルチカム科花き園芸植物における胚珠培養による種間および属間雑種の作出(第7報) : リットニアとサンダーソニア'フェニックス'間の属間雑種 (Littonia modesta × Sandersonia aurantiaca 'Phoenix') の形質調査

    天野 淳二, 桑山 幸子, 中澤 大将, 奥野 哉, 神戸 敏成, 中野 優

    園芸学研究. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表要旨   6 ( 2 )   2007年9月

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  • コルチカム科花き園芸植物における胚珠培養による種間および属間雑種の作出 : (第6報)サンダーソニアとグロリオーサ・スペルバ'ルテア'間の属間雑種 (Sandersonia aurantiaca × Gloriosa superba 'Lutea') の形質調査

    天野 淳二, 桑山 幸子, 菅原 慎太郎, 水多 陽子, 神戸 敏成, 中野 優

    園芸学研究. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表要旨   6 ( 1 )   2007年3月

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  • 3倍体センノウを用いた種間雑種の作出

    宮崎 絢子, 桑山 幸子, 中野 優, 荻田 信二郎, 加藤 康夫, 中田 政司, 神戸 敏成

    園芸学研究. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表要旨   6 ( 1 )   2007年3月

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  • カラフトエンビセンノウとツクシマツモト間の種間交雑 (Lychnis 'Karafutoenbisenno' × L. sieboldii) による雑種作出およびその形質調査

    桑山 幸子, 浅野 恵美, 神戸 敏成, 中田 政司, 中野 優

    園芸学研究. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表要旨   6 ( 1 )   2007年3月

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  • Isolation and characterization of class B genes in Alstroemeria

    M Hirai, T Kamimura, M Nakada, IJ Song, T Fukuda, Y Hoshino, M Nakano, A Kanno

    PLANT AND CELL PHYSIOLOGY   47   S179 - S179   2006年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

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  • Production of transgenic plants via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in Liliaceous ornamentals. Floriculture, Ornamental and Plant Biotechnology: advances and topical issues,Jaime A. (ed)

    Masaru NAKANO, Shiro MORI, Sakae SUZUKI, Yosuke HOSHI, Hitoshi KOBAYASHI

    Global Science Books TM Ltd., London,   volume II   172 - 183   2006年

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  • 単子葉花き園芸植物における形質転換技術を用いた花形の改変 平成16‐18年度

    中野優

    単子葉花き園芸植物における形質転換技術を用いた花形の改変 平成16-18年度 No.16380024   146P   2006年

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    記述言語:日本語  

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  • コルチカム科花き園芸植物における胚珠培養による種間および属間雑種の作出 : (第4報)リットニアとサンダーソニア間の属間交雑 (Littonia modesta × Sandersonia aurantiaca) に由来する個体の形質調査

    桑山 幸子, 天野 淳二, 菅原 慎太郎, 中村 徹, 水多 陽子, 大宮 知, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   74 ( 2 )   2005年10月

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  • γ線照射によるヒメイワダレソウの稔性回復と染色体倍加

    星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 小潟 慶司, 山 幸子, 森 志郎, 中野 優, 小林 仁

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   74 ( 2 )   2005年10月

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  • 開花期のホトトギス形質転換体における形態およびuidA遺伝子発現の調査

    岡 恵理子, 森 志郎, 安達 由希子, 星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 小林 仁, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   74 ( 1 )   2005年3月

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  • Effects of antibiotics and bialaphos on the growth and development of embryogenic callus cultures of Muscari armeniacum

    S. Suzuki, M. Nakano

    Biologia Plantarum   47 ( 3 )   425 - 427   2004年

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    記述言語:英語  

    Effects of 4 potentially selective agents for transformed cells, 3 antibiotics [kanamycin, geneticin (G418) and hygromycin] and bialaphos, as well as 2 antibiotics for eliminating Agrobacterium, carbenicillin and cefotaxime on growth and somatic embryogenesis of embryogenic calli of Muscari armeniacum cv. Blue Pearl were evaluated. Callus growth was completely inhibited by 75 mg dm-3 hygromycin or 4 mg dm-3 bialaphos, and somatic embryos were never produced on media containing 25 mg dm-3 hygromycin or 3 mg dm-3 bialaphos. Kanamycin and G418 less inhibited growth and somatic embryogenesis of the calli. On the contrary, carbenicillin and cefotaxime promoted both callus growth and somatic embryogenesis at all concentrations tested.

    DOI: 10.1023/B:BIOP.0000023887.16716.f7

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  • アガパンサス形質転換体における形態およびuidA遺伝子発現の調査

    森 志郎, 鈴木 栄, 星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 小林 仁, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   72 ( 2 )   2003年9月

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  • アグロバクテリウム法による形質転換における紙ヤスリ処理による形質転換効率の向上

    星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 森 志郎, 安達 由希子, 中野 優, 松本 伊佐尾, 小林 仁

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   72 ( 1 )   2003年4月

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  • 数種のユリ属植物におけるカルスからの植物体再生および Agrobacterium 法によるgusA遺伝子の一過性発現

    安達 由希子, 森 志郎, 小林 仁, 星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   72 ( 1 )   2003年4月

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  • アガパンサスからのジヒドロフラボノール4-還元酵素(DFR)遺伝子の単離とその発現解析

    森 志郎, 武田 祥尚, 山元 皓二, 星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 小林 仁, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   72 ( 1 )   2003年4月

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  • ホトトギス属植物における不定胚形成および植物体再生

    田中 繁史, 水梨 佳子, 中田 政司, 神戸 敏成, 斉藤 宏之, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   72 ( 1 )   2003年4月

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  • アグロバクテリウムによるユリへの遺伝子導入法

    星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 森 志郎, 安達 由希子, 中野 優, 松本 伊左尾, 小林 仁

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   72 ( 1 )   2003年4月

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  • ツルニチニソウからのフラボノイド3',5'位水酸化酵素(F3'5'H)遺伝子の単離と特徴づけ

    森 志郎, 小林 仁, 星 洋介, 近藤 正剛, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   71 ( 2 )   2002年10月

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  • ムスカリ花弁におけるアントシアニジンおよびアントシアニン分析

    森 志郎, 浅野 聡, 小林 仁, 中野 優

    園芸学会雑誌. 別冊, 園芸学会大会研究発表   71 ( 1 )   2002年4月

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  • ユリ科花卉園芸植物におけるマイクロプロトプラストを用いた部分ゲノムの導入に関する研究 第 4 報 : ユリおよびヘメロカリスにおける減数分裂期花粉母細胞への様々な紡錘糸形成阻害剤処理が微少核形成に及ぼす影響

    斉藤 宏之, 中野 優

    育種学研究 = Breeding research   2 ( 2 )   120 - 120   2000年9月

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  • ヘメロカリス懸濁培養細胞におけるプロピザミド処理を用いた効率的な微小核形成

    斉藤 宏之, 中野 優

    育種学研究 = Breeding research   2 ( 1 )   156 - 156   2000年4月

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