2022/12/01 更新

写真a

ウツノミヤ サトル
宇都宮 悟
UTSUNOMIYA Satoru
所属
教育研究院 医歯学系 保健学系列 准教授
医学部 保健学科 放射線技術科学専攻 准教授
職名
准教授
外部リンク

学位

  • 博士(理学) ( 2004年3月   新潟大学 )

研究分野

  • ライフサイエンス / 放射線科学

経歴

  • 新潟大学   医学部 保健学科 放射線技術科学専攻   准教授

    2019年7月 - 現在

  • 新潟大学   医学部 保健学科 放射線技術科学専攻   助教

    2015年12月 - 2019年6月

  • 新潟大学   医歯学総合研究科   特任助教

    2013年1月 - 2015年11月

 

論文

  • The impact of target positioning error and tumor size on radiobiological parameters in robotic stereotactic radiosurgery for metastatic brain tumors.

    Takeshi Takizawa, Satoshi Tanabe, Hisashi Nakano, Satoru Utsunomiya, Madoka Sakai, Katsuya Maruyama, Shigekazu Takeuchi, Toshimichi Nakano, Atsushi Ohta, Motoki Kaidu, Hiroyuki Ishikawa, Kiyoshi Onda

    Radiological physics and technology   2022年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    This study aimed to evaluate the effect of target positioning error (TPE) on radiobiological parameters, such as tumor control probability (TCP) and normal tissue complication probability (NTCP), in stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for metastatic brain tumors of different sizes using CyberKnife. The reference SRS plans were created using the circular cone of the CyberKnife for each spherical gross tumor volume (GTV) with diameters (φ) of 5, 7.5, 10, 15, and 20 mm, contoured on computed tomography images of the head phantom. Subsequently, plans involving TPE were created by shifting the beam center by 0.1-2.0 mm in three dimensions relative to the reference plans using the same beam arrangements. Conformity index (CI), generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD)-based TCP, and NTCP of estimated brain necrosis were evaluated for each plan. When the gEUD parameter "a" was set to - 10, the CI and TCP for the reference plan at the φ5-mm GTV were 0.90 and 80.8%, respectively. The corresponding values for plans involving TPE of 0.5-mm, 1.0-mm, and 2.0-mm were 0.62 and 77.4%, 0.40 and 62.9%, and 0.12 and 7.2%, respectively. In contrast, the NTCP for all GTVs were the same. The TCP for the plans involving a TPE of 2-mm was 7.2% and 68.8% at the φ5-mm and φ20-mm GTV, respectively. The TPEs corresponding to a TCP reduction rate of 3% at the φ5-mm and φ20-mm GTV were 0.41 and 0.99 mm, respectively. TPE had a significant effect on TCP in SRS for metastatic brain tumors using CyberKnife, particularly for small GTVs.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12194-022-00655-5

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  • Radiobiological evaluation considering setup error on single-isocenter irradiation in stereotactic radiosurgery. 国際誌

    Hisashi Nakano, Satoshi Tanabe, Ryuta Sasamoto, Takeshi Takizawa, Satoru Utsunomiya, Madoka Sakai, Toshimichi Nakano, Atsushi Ohta, Motoki Kaidu, Hiroyuki Ishikawa

    Journal of applied clinical medical physics   22 ( 7 )   266 - 275   2021年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: We calculated the dosimetric indices and estimated the tumor control probability (TCP) considering six degree-of-freedom (6DoF) patient setup errors in stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) using a single-isocenter technique. METHODS: We used simulated spherical gross tumor volumes (GTVs) with diameters of 1.0 cm (GTV 1), 2.0 cm (GTV 2), and 3.0 cm (GTV 3), and the distance (d) between the target center and isocenter was set to 0, 5, and 10 cm. We created the dose distribution by convolving the blur component to uniform dose distribution. The prescription dose was 20 Gy and the dose distribution was adjusted so that D95 (%) of each GTV was covered by 100% of the prescribed dose. The GTV was simultaneously rotated within 0°-1.0° (δR) around the x-, y-, and z-axes and then translated within 0-1.0 mm (δT) in the x-, y-, and z-axis directions. D95, conformity index (CI), and conformation number (CN) were evaluated by varying the distance from the isocenter. The TCP was estimated by translating the calculated dose distribution into a biological response. In addition, we derived the x-y-z coordinates with the smallest TCP reduction rate that minimize the sum of squares of the residuals as the optimal isocenter coordinates using the relationship between 6DoF setup error, distance from isocenter, and GTV size. RESULTS: D95, CI, and CN were decreased with increasing isocenter distance, decreasing GTV size, and increasing setup error. TCP of GTVs without 6DoF setup error was estimated to be 77.0%. TCP were 25.8% (GTV 1), 35.0% (GTV 2), and 53.0% (GTV 3) with (d, δT, δR) = (10 cm, 1.0 mm, 1.0°). The TCP was 52.3% (GTV 1), 54.9% (GTV 2), and 66.1% (GTV 3) with (d, δT, δR) = (10 cm, 1.0 mm, 1.0°) at the optimal isocenter position. CONCLUSION: The TCP in SRS for multiple brain metastases with a single-isocenter technique may decrease with increasing isocenter distance and decreasing GTV size when the 6DoF setup errors are exceeded (1.0 mm, 1.0°). Additionally, it might be possible to better maintain TCP for GTVs with 6DoF setup errors by using the optimal isocenter position.

    DOI: 10.1002/acm2.13322

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  • A comparative study of high-dose-rate brachytherapy boost combined with external beam radiation therapy versus external beam radiation therapy alone for high-risk prostate cancer. 国際誌

    Tomoya Oshikane, Motoki Kaidu, Eisuke Abe, Atsushi Ohta, Hirotake Saito, Toshimichi Nakano, Moe Honda, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Ryuta Sasamoto, Fumio Ishizaki, Takashi Kasahara, Tsutomu Nishiyama, Yoshihiko Tomita, Hidefumi Aoyama, Hiroyuki Ishikawa

    Journal of radiation research   62 ( 3 )   525 - 532   2021年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    We aimed to compare the outcomes of high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) boost and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) alone for high-risk prostate cancer. This was a single-center, retrospective and observational study. Consecutive patients who underwent initial radical treatment by HDR-BT boost or EBRT alone from June 2009 to May 2016 at the Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Japan were included. A total of 96 patients underwent HDR-BT boost, and 61 underwent EBRT alone. The prescription dose of HDR-BT boost was set to 18 Gy twice a day with EBRT 39 Gy/13 fractions. The dose for EBRT alone was mostly 70 Gy/28 fractions. The high-risk group received >6 months of prior androgen deprivation therapy. Overall survival, biochemical-free survival, local control and distant metastasis-free survival rates at 5 years were analyzed. The incidence of urological and gastrointestinal late adverse events of Grade 2 and above was also summarized. In the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) high-risk calssification, HDR-BT boost had a significantly higher biochemical-free survival rate at 5 years (98.9% versus 90.7%, P = 0.04). Urethral strictures were more common in the HDR-BT boost group. We will continuously observe the progress of the study patients and determine the longer term results.

    DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrab006

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  • Maximum distance in single-isocenter technique of stereotactic radiosurgery with rotational error using margin-based analysis.

    Hisashi Nakano, Satoshi Tanabe, Takumi Yamada, Satoru Utsunomiya, Takeshi Takizawa, Madoka Sakai, Ryuta Sasamoto, Hironori Sakai, Toshimichi Nakano, Hirotake Saito, Atsushi Ohta, Motoki Kaidu, Hiroyuki Ishikawa

    Radiological physics and technology   14 ( 1 )   57 - 63   2021年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Through geometrical simulation, we evaluated the effect of rotational error in patient setup on geometrical coverage and calculated the maximum distance between the isocenter and target, where the clinical PTV margin secures geometrical coverage with a single-isocenter technique. We used simulated spherical GTVs with diameters of 1.0 (GTV 1), 1.5 (GTV 2), 2.0 (GTV 3), and 3.0 cm (GTV 4). The location of the target center was set such that the distance between the target and isocenter ranged from 0 to 15 cm. We created geometrical coverage vectors so that each target was entirely covered by 100% of the prescribed dose. The vectors of the target positions were simultaneously rotated within a range of 0°-2.0° around the x-, y-, and z-axes. For each rotational error, the reduction in geometrical coverage of the targets was calculated and compared with that obtained for a rotational error of 0°. The tolerance value of the geometrical coverage reduction was defined as 5% of the GTV. The maximum distance that satisfied the 5% tolerance value for different values of rotational error at a clinical PTV margin of 0.1 cm was calculated. When the rotational errors were 0.5° for a 0.1 cm PTV margin, the maximum distances were as follows: GTV 1: 7.6 cm; GTV 2: 10.9 cm; GTV 3: 14.3 cm; and GTV 4: 21.4 cm. It might be advisable to exclude targets that are > 7.6 cm away from the isocenter with a single-isocenter technique to satisfy the tolerance value for all GTVs.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12194-020-00602-2

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  • Detecting MLC modeling errors using radiomics-based machine learning in patient-specific QA with an EPID for intensity-modulated radiation therapy. 国際誌

    Madoka Sakai, Hisashi Nakano, Daisuke Kawahara, Satoshi Tanabe, Takeshi Takizawa, Akihiro Narita, Takumi Yamada, Hironori Sakai, Masataka Ueda, Ryuta Sasamoto, Motoki Kaidu, Hidefumi Aoyama, Hiroyuki Ishikawa, Satoru Utsunomiya

    Medical physics   48 ( 3 )   991 - 1002   2021年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: We sought to develop machine learning models to detect multileaf collimator (MLC) modeling errors with the use of radiomic features of fluence maps measured in patient-specific quality assurance (QA) for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with an electric portal imaging device (EPID). METHODS: Fluence maps measured with EPID for 38 beams from 19 clinical IMRT plans were assessed. Plans with various degrees of error in MLC modeling parameters [i.e., MLC transmission factor (TF) and dosimetric leaf gap (DLG)] and plans with an MLC positional error for comparison were created. For a total of 152 error plans for each type of error, we calculated fluence difference maps for each beam by subtracting the calculated maps from the measured maps. A total of 837 radiomic features were extracted from each fluence difference map, and we determined the number of features used for the training dataset in the machine learning models by using random forest regression. Machine learning models using the five typical algorithms [decision tree, k-nearest neighbor (kNN), support vector machine (SVM), logistic regression, and random forest] for binary classification between the error-free plan and the plan with the corresponding error for each type of error were developed. We used part of the total dataset to perform fourfold cross-validation to tune the models, and we used the remaining test dataset to evaluate the performance of the developed models. A gamma analysis was also performed between the measured and calculated fluence maps with the criteria of 3%/2 and 2%/2 mm for all of the types of error. RESULTS: The radiomic features and its optimal number were similar for the models for the TF and the DLG error detection, which was different from the MLC positional error. The highest sensitivity was obtained as 0.913 for the TF error with SVM and logistic regression, 0.978 for the DLG error with kNN and SVM, and 1.000 for the MLC positional error with kNN, SVM, and random forest. The highest specificity was obtained as 1.000 for the TF error with a decision tree, SVM, and logistic regression, 1.000 for the DLG error with a decision tree, logistic regression, and random forest, and 0.909 for the MLC positional error with a decision tree and logistic regression. The gamma analysis showed the poorest performance in which sensitivities were 0.737 for the TF error and the DLG error and 0.882 for the MLC positional error for 3%/2 mm. The addition of another type of error to fluence maps significantly reduced the sensitivity for the TF and the DLG error, whereas no effect was observed for the MLC positional error detection. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the conventional gamma analysis, the radiomics-based machine learning models showed higher sensitivity and specificity in detecting a single type of the MLC modeling error and the MLC positional error. Although the developed models need further improvement for detecting multiple types of error, radiomics-based IMRT QA was shown to be a promising approach for detecting the MLC modeling error.

    DOI: 10.1002/mp.14699

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  • [3. Radiomics Analysis of Dose and Fluence Distribution (Dosiomics)].

    Satoru Utsunomiya

    Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi   77 ( 10 )   1245 - 1249   2021年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.6009/jjrt.2021_JSRT_77.10.1245

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  • Calculated relative biological effectiveness (RBE) for initial DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) from flattening filter and flattening filter-free 6 MV X-ray fields. 国際誌

    Hisashi Nakano, Daisuke Kawahara, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Takeshi Takizawa, Madoka Sakai, Toshimichi Nakano, Atsushi Ohta, Motoki Kaidu, Hiroyuki Ishikawa

    BJR open   3 ( 1 )   20200072 - 20200072   2021年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the radiobiological effectiveness based on the yields of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) of field induction with flattening filter (FF) and FF-free (FFF) photon beams. METHODS: We used the particle and heavy ion transport system (PHITS) and a water equivalent phantom (30 × 30 × 30 cm3) to calculate the physical qualities of the dose-mean lineal energy (yD) with 6 MV FF and FFF. The relative biological effectiveness based on the yields of DNA-DSBs (RBEDSB) was calculated for standard radiation such as 220 kVp X-rays by using the estimating yields of SSBs and DSBs. The measurement points used to calculate the in-field yD and RBEDSB were located at a depth of 3, 5, and 10 cm in the water equivalent phantom on the central axis. Measurement points at 6, 8, and 10 cm in the lateral direction of each of the three depths from the central axis were set to calculate the out-of-field yD and RBEDSB. RESULTS: The RBEDSB of FFF in-field was 1.7% higher than FF at each measurement depth. The RBEDSB of FFF out-of-field was 1.9 to 6.4% higher than FF at each depth measurement point. As the distance to out-of-field increased, the RBEDSB of FFF rose higher than those of FF. FFF has a larger RBEDSB than FF based on the yields of DNA-DSBs as the distance to out-of-field increased. CONCLUSIONS: The out-of-field radiobiological effect of FFF could thus be greater than that of FF since the spreading of the radiation dose out-of-field with FFF could be a concern compared to the FF. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The RBEDSB of FFF of out-of-field might be larger than FF.

    DOI: 10.1259/bjro.20200072

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  • Proton dose calculation based on converting dual-energy CT data to stopping power ratio (DEEDZ-SPR): a beam-hardening assessment. 国際誌

    Sodai Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Noto, Satoru Utsunomiya, Takaaki Yoshimura, Taeko Matsuura, Masatoshi Saito

    Physics in medicine and biology   65 ( 23 )   235046 - 235046   2020年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    To achieve an accurate stopping power ratio (SPR) prediction in particle therapy treatment planning, we previously proposed a simple conversion to the SPR from dual-energy (DE) computed tomography (CT) data via electron density and effective atomic number (Z eff) calibration (DEEDZ-SPR). This study was conducted to carry out an initial implementation of the DEEDZ-SPR conversion method with a clinical treatment planning system (TPS; VQA, Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo) for proton beam therapy. Consequently, this paper presents a proton therapy plan for an anthropomorphic phantom to evaluate the stability of the dose calculations obtained by the DEEDZ-SPR conversion against the variation of the calibration phantom size. Dual-energy x-ray CT images were acquired using a dual-source CT (DSCT) scanner. A single-energy CT (SECT) scan using the same DSCT scanner was also performed to compare the DEEDZ-SPR conversion with the SECT-based SPR (SECT-SPR) conversion. The scanner-specific parameters necessary for the SPR calibration were obtained from the CT images of tissue substitutes in a calibration phantom. Two calibration phantoms with different sizes (a 33 cm diameter phantom and an 18 cm diameter phantom) were used for the SPR calibrations to investigate the beam-hardening effect on dosimetric uncertainties. Each set of calibrated SPR data was applied to the proton therapy plan designed using the VQA TPS with a pencil beam algorithm for the anthropomorphic phantom. The treatment plans with the SECT-SPR conversion exhibited discrepancies between the dose distributions and the dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of the 33 cm and 18 cm phantom calibrations. In contrast, the corresponding dose distributions and the DVHs obtained using the DEEDZ-SPR conversion method coincided almost perfectly with each other. The DEEDZ-SPR conversion appears to be a promising method for providing proton dose plans that are stable against the size variations of the calibration phantom and the patient.

    DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/abae09

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  • Radiobiological effects of the interruption time with Monte Carlo Simulation on multiple fields in photon beams. 国際誌

    Hisashi Nakano, Daisuke Kawahara, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Takeshi Takizawa, Madoka Sakai, Hirotake Saito, Atsushi Ohta, Motoki Kaidu, Hiroyuki Ishikawa

    Journal of applied clinical medical physics   21 ( 12 )   288 - 294   2020年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: The interruption time is the irradiation interruption that occurs at sites and operations such as the gantry, collimator, couch rotation, and patient setup within the field in radiotherapy. However, the radiobiological effect of prolonging the treatment time by the interruption time for tumor cells is little evaluated. We investigated the effect of the interruption time on the radiobiological effectiveness with photon beams based on a modified microdosimetric kinetic (mMK) model. METHODS: The dose-mean lineal energy yD (keV/µm) of 6-MV photon beams was calculated by the particle and heavy ion transport system (PHITS). We set the absorbed dose to 2 or 8 Gy, and the interruption time (τ) was set to 1, 3, 5, 10, 30, and 60 min. The biological parameters such as α0, β0, and DNA repair constant rate (a + c) values were acquired from a human non-small-cell lung cancer cell line (NCI-H460) for the mMK model. We used two-field and four-field irradiation with a constant dose rate (3 Gy/min); the photon beams were paused for interruption time τ. We calculated the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) to evaluate the interruption time's effect compared with no interrupted as a reference. RESULTS: The yD of 6-MV photon beams was 2.32 (keV/µm), and there was little effect by changing the water depth (standard deviation was 0.01). The RBE with four-field irradiation for 8 Gy was decreased to 0.997, 0.975, 0.900, and 0.836 τ = 1, 10, 30, 60 min, respectively. In addition, the RBE was affected by the repair constant rate (a + c) value, the greater the decrease in RBE with the longer the interruption time when the (a + c) value was large. CONCLUSION: The ~10-min interruption of 6-MV photon beams did not significantly impact the radiobiological effectiveness, since the RBE decrease was <3%. Nevertheless, the RBE's effect on tumor cells was decreased about 30% by increasing the 60 min interruption time at 8 Gy with four-field irradiation. It is thus necessary to make the interruption time as short as possible.

    DOI: 10.1002/acm2.13110

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  • Effect of setup error in the single-isocenter technique on stereotactic radiosurgery for multiple brain metastases. 国際誌

    Hisashi Nakano, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Takumi Yamada, Ryuta Sasamoto, Toshimichi Nakano, Hirotake Saito, Takeshi Takizawa, Hironori Sakai, Atsushi Ohta, Eisuke Abe, Motoki Kaidu, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Journal of applied clinical medical physics   21 ( 12 )   155 - 165   2020年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    In conventional stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), treatment of multiple brain metastases using multiple isocenters is time-consuming resulting in long dose delivery times for patients. A single-isocenter technique has been developed which enables the simultaneous irradiation of multiple targets at one isocenter. This technique requires accurate positioning of the patient to ensure optimal dose coverage. We evaluated the effect of six degrees of freedom (6DoF) setup errors in patient setups on SRS dose distributions for multiple brain metastases using a single-isocenter technique. We used simulated spherical gross tumor volumes (GTVs) with diameters ranging from 1.0 to 3.0 cm. The distance from the isocenter to the target's center was varied from 0 to 15 cm. We created dose distributions so that each target was entirely covered by 100% of the prescribed dose. The target's position vectors were rotated from 0°-2.0° and translated from 0-1.0 mm with respect to the three axes in space. The reduction in dose coverage for the targets for each setup error was calculated and compared with zero setup error. The calculated margins for the GTV necessary to satisfy the tolerance values for loss of GTV coverage of 3% to 10% were defined as coverage-based margins. In addition, the maximum isocenter to target distance for different 6DoF setup errors was calculated to satisfy the tolerance values. The dose coverage reduction and coverage-based margins increased as the target diameter decreased, and the distance and 6DoF setup error increased. An increase in setup error when a single-isocenter technique is used may increase the risk of missing the tumor; this risk increases with increasing distance from the isocenter and decreasing tumor size.

    DOI: 10.1002/acm2.13081

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  • Dosimetric comparison of analytic anisotropic algorithm and Acuros XB algorithm in VMAT plans for high-grade glioma. 国際誌

    Takeshi Takizawa, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Hisashi Nakano, Takumi Yamada, Hironori Sakai, Atsushi Ohta, Hirotake Saito, Toshimichi Nakano, Eisuke Abe, Motoki Kaidu, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Physica medica : PM : an international journal devoted to the applications of physics to medicine and biology : official journal of the Italian Association of Biomedical Physics (AIFB)   73   73 - 82   2020年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: To investigate the dosimetric impact between the anisotropic analytical algorithm (AAA) and the Acuros XB (AXB) algorithm in volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans for high-grade glioma (HGG). METHODS: We used a heterogeneous phantom to quantify the agreement between the measured and calculated doses from the AAA and from the AXB. We then analyzed 14 patients with HGG treated by VMAT, using the AAA. We newly created AXB plans for each corresponding AAA plan under the following conditions: (1) re-calculation for the same number of monitor units with an identical beam and leaf setup, and (2) re-optimization under the same conditions of dose constraints. The dose coverage for the planning target volume (PTV) was evaluated by dividing the coverage into the skull, air, and soft-tissue regions. RESULTS: Compared to the results obtained with the AAA, the AXB results were in good agreement with the measured profiles. The dose differences in the PTV between the AAA and re-calculated AXB plans were large in the skull region contained in the target. The dose difference in the PTV in both types of plan was significantly correlated with the volume of the skull contained in the target (r = 0.71, p = 0.0042). A re-optimized AXB plan's dose difference was lower vs. the re-calculated AXB plan's. CONCLUSIONS: We observed dose differences between the AAA and AXB plans, in particular in the cases in which the skull region of the target was large. Considering the phantom measurement results, the AXB algorithm should be used in VMAT plans for HGG.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2020.04.007

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  • The association between oral candidiasis and severity of chemoradiotherapy-induced dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients: A retrospective cohort study. 国際誌

    Hirotake Saito, Ryusuke Shodo, Keisuke Yamazaki, Kouji Katsura, Yushi Ueki, Toshimichi Nakano, Tomoya Oshikane, Nobuko Yamana, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Atsushi Ohta, Eisuke Abe, Motoki Kaidu, Ryuta Sasamoto, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Clinical and translational radiation oncology   20   13 - 18   2020年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) is a risk factor for oral candidiasis (OC). As Candida spp. are highly virulent, we conducted a retrospective study to determine whether OC increases the severity of dysphagia related to mucositis in HNC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the cases of consecutive patients with carcinomas of the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx who underwent CCRT containing cisplatin (CDDP) at our hospital. The diagnosis of OC was based on gross mucosal appearance. We performed a multivariate analysis to determine whether OC was associated with the development of grade 3 dysphagia in the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) Acute Toxicity Criteria. The maximum of the daily opioid doses was compared between the patients with and without OC. RESULTS: We identified 138 HNC patients. OC was observed in 51 patients (37%). By the time of their OC diagnosis, 19 (37%) had already developed grade 3 dysphagia. Among the 30 patients receiving antifungal therapy, 12 (40%) showed clinical deterioration. In the multivariate analysis, OC was independently associated with grade 3 dysphagia (OR 2.75; 95%CI 1.22-6.23; p = 0.015). The patients with OC required significantly higher morphine-equivalent doses of opioids (45 vs. 30 mg/day; p = 0.029). CONCLUSION: Candida infection causes refractory dysphagia. It is worth investigating whether antifungal prophylaxis reduces severe dysphagia related to candidiasis.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ctro.2019.10.006

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  • The impact of the three degrees-of-freedom fiducial marker-based setup compared to soft tissue-based setup in hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer. 国際誌

    Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Eisuke Abe, Hiraku Sato, Atsushi Ohta, Hironori Sakai, Takumi Yamada, Motoki Kaidu, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Journal of applied clinical medical physics   20 ( 6 )   53 - 59   2019年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: We evaluated the setup accuracy of a three-degree-of-freedom fiducial marker (3DOF-FM)-based setup compared to a soft tissue (ST)-based setup in hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the setup accuracy for 17 consecutive prostate cancer patients with three implanted FMs who underwent hypofractionated IMRT. The 3DOF-ST-based setup using cone-beam computed tomography (CT) was performed after a six DOF-bony structure (BS)-based setup using an ExacTrac x-ray system. The 3DOF-FM-based matching using the ExacTrac x-ray system was done during the BS- and ST-based setups. We determined the mean absolute differences and the correlation between the FM- and ST-based translational shifts relative to the BS-based setup position. The rotational mean shifts detected by the ExacTrac x-ray system were also evaluated. RESULTS: The mean differences in the anterior-posterior (AP), superior-inferior (SI), and left-right (LR) dimensions were 0.69, 0.0, and 0.30 mm, respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficients for both shifts were 0.92 for AP, 0.91 for SI, and 0.68 for LR. The percentages of shift agreements within 2 mm were 85% for AP, 93% for SI, and 99% for LR. The absolute values of rotational shifts were 0.1° for AP, 0.3°, and 1.2° for LR. CONCLUSIONS: The setup accuracy of the 3DOF-FM-based setup has the potential to be interchangeable with a ST-based setup. Our data are likely to be useful in clinical practice along with the popularization of the hypofractionated IMRT in prostate cancer.

    DOI: 10.1002/acm2.12603

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  • Complementary Relation Between the Improvement of Dose Delivery Technique and PTV Margin Reduction in Dose-Escalated Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer. 国際誌

    Satoru Utsunomiya, Jun Yamamoto, Satoshi Tanabe, Mayu Oishi, Aruha Satsuma, Motoki Kaidu, Eisuke Abe, Atsushi Ohta, Naotaka Kushima, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Practical radiation oncology   9 ( 3 )   172 - 178   2019年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate quantitatively the complementary relationship between the introduction of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and planning target volume (PTV) margin reduction with an image guided technique in reducing the risk of rectal toxicity in dose-escalating prostate radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (CRT) and IMRT plans were generated for 10 patients with prostate cancer based on 2 PTV margin protocols (10/8 mm and 6/5 mm) and 2 dose prescriptions (70 Gy and 78 Gy). The normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) for each of the 8 scenarios was calculated using the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman model to estimate the risk of rectal and bladder late toxicity. The conformity and homogeneity indices of PTVs were calculated for each plan. RESULTS: The IMRT plans showed superiority in conformity and inferiority in homogeneity over 3-dimensional CRT plans. The rectal NTCPs were increased 3.5 to 4.1 times when the prescribed total dose was changed from 70 Gy to 78 Gy and the dose delivery and the image guided radiation therapy techniques remained unchanged. PTV margin reduction was shown to reduce the value of rectal NTCP significantly. Overall, implementing the IMRT technique alone could reduce the NTCP values only by 2.1% to 7.3% from those of 3-dimensional CRT. The introduction of both IMRT and PTV margin reduction was found to be necessary for rectal NTCP to remain <5% in the dose escalation from 70 to 78 Gy. CONCLUSIONS: The complementary relationship between the introduction of IMRT and PTV margin reduction was proven. We found that both approaches need to be implemented to safely deliver a curative dose in dose-escalating prostate radiation therapy.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.prro.2019.02.001

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  • Selection criteria for 3D conformal radiotherapy versus volumetric-modulated arc therapy in high-grade glioma based on normal tissue complication probability of brain. 国際誌

    Satoshi Tanabe, Haruna Takahashi, Hirotake Saito, Atsushi Ohta, Toshimichi Nakano, Ryuta Sasamoto, Miki Shioi, Satoru Utsunomiya, Eisuke Abe, Motoki Kaidu, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Journal of radiation research   60 ( 2 )   249 - 256   2019年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    There are no quantitative selection criteria for identifying high-grade glioma (HGG) patients who are suited for volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT). This study aimed to develop selection criteria that can be used for the selection of the optimal treatment modality in HGG. We analyzed 20 patients with HGG treated by 3D conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT). First, VMAT plans were created for each patient retrospectively. For each plan, the normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) for normal brain was calculated. We then divided the patients based on the NTCPs of the 3DCRT plans for normal brain, using the threshold of 5%. We compared the NTCPs of the two plans and the gross tumor volumes (GTVs) of the two groups. For the GTVs, we used receiver operating characteristic curves to identify the cut-off value for predicting NTCP < 5%. We determined the respective correlations between the GTV and the GTV's largest cross-sectional diameter and largest cross-sectional area. In the NTCP ≥ 5% group, the NTCPs for the VMAT plans were significantly lower than those for the 3DCRT plans (P = 0.0011). The NTCP ≥ 5% group's GTV was significantly larger than that of the NTCP < 5% group (P = 0.0016), and the cut-off value of the GTV was 130.5 cm3. The GTV was strongly correlated with the GTV's largest cross-sectional diameter (R2 = 0.82) and largest cross-sectional area (R2 = 0.94), which produced the cut-off values of 7.5 cm and 41 cm2, respectively. It was concluded that VMAT is more appropriate than 3DCRT in cases in which the GTV is ≥130.5 cm3.

    DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rry106

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  • Clinical commissioning of a new patient positioning system, SyncTraX FX4, for intracranial stereotactic radiotherapy. 国際誌

    Satoshi Tanabe, Osamu Umetsu, Toshikazu Sasage, Satoru Utsunomiya, Ryota Kuwabara, Toshiki Kuribayashi, Hiromasa Takatou, Gen Kawaguchi, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Journal of applied clinical medical physics   19 ( 6 )   149 - 158   2018年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: A new real-time tracking radiotherapy (RTRT) system, the SyncTraX FX4 (Shimadzu, Kyoto, Japan), consisting of four X-ray tubes and four ceiling-mounted flat panel detectors (FPDs) combined with a linear accelerator, was installed at Uonuma Kikan Hospital (Niigata, Japan) for the first time worldwide. In addition to RTRT, the SyncTraX FX4 system enables bony structure-based patient verification. Here we provide the first report of this system's clinical commissioning for intracranial stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of five tests were performed for the commissioning: evaluations of (1) the system's image quality; (2) the imaging and treatment coordinate coincidence; and (3) the localization accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and SyncTraX FX4; (4) the measurement of air kerma; (5) an end-to-end test. RESULTS & DISCUSSION: The tests revealed the following. (1) All image quality evaluation items satisfied each acceptable criterion in all FPDs. (2) The maximum offsets among the centers were ≤0.40 mm in all combinations of the FPD and X-ray tubes (preset). (3) The isocenter localization discrepancies between CBCT and preset #3 in the SyncTraX FX4 system were 0.29 ± 0.084 mm for anterior-posterior, -0.19 ± 0.13 mm for superior-inferior, 0.076 ± 0.11 mm for left-right, -0.11 ± 0.066° for rotation, -0.14 ± 0.064° for pitch, and 0.072±0.058° for roll direction. the Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient between the two systems was >0.98 in all directions. (4) The mean air kerma value for preset #3 was 0.11 ± 0.0002 mGy in predefined settings (80 kV, 200 mA, 50 msec). (5) For 16 combinations of gantry and couch angles, median offset value in all presets was 0.31 mm (range 0.14-0.57 mm). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate a competent performance of the SyncTraX FX4 system in terms of the localization accuracy for intracranial SRT.

    DOI: 10.1002/acm2.12467

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  • Definitive chemoradiotherapy with low-dose continuous 5-fluorouracil reduces hematological toxicity without compromising survival in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients. 国際誌

    Hirotake Saito, Atsushi Ohta, Eisuke Abe, Motoki Kaidu, Miki Shioi, Toshimichi Nakano, Tomoya Oshikane, Kensuke Tanaka, Katsuya Maruyama, Naotaka Kushima, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Ryuta Sasamoto, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Clinical and translational radiation oncology   9   12 - 17   2018年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with low-dose continuous 5-fluorouracil (5FU) to CRT with 5FU+cisplatin (CDDP) for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in a retrospective cohort study. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We reviewed the cases of Stage I-IV ESCC patients who underwent definitive CRT in 2000-2014. Concomitant chemotherapy was one of the three regimens: (1) high-dose intermittent 5FU and CDDP (standard-dose FP: SDFP), (2) low-dose continuous 5FU and CDDP (LDFP), or (3) low-dose continuous 5FU (LD5FU). The general selection criteria for chemotherapy were: SDFP for patients aged <70 yrs; LDFP for those aged 70-74 yrs; LD5FU for those aged ≥75 yrs or with performance status (PS) ≥3. Propensity scores were derived with chemotherapy (LD5FU vs. 5FU+CDDP) as the dependent variable. RESULTS: In a multivariate analysis, chemotherapy (LD5FU vs. SDFP, p = .24; LDFP vs. SDFP, p = .52) did not affect the overall survival (OS). LD5FU caused significantly less grade 3-4 leukopenia (9%) compared to SDFP (47%) and LDFP (44%) (p < .001). In a propensity-matched analysis, LD5FU affected neither OS (HR 1.06; 95%CI 0.55-2.05; p = .87) nor progression-free survival (HR 0.95, 95%CI 0.50-1.81; p = .87). CONCLUSION: CRT with low-dose continuous 5FU may be a less toxic option for elderly ESCC patients.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ctro.2017.12.003

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  • Respiratory gating and multifield technique radiotherapy for esophageal cancer.

    Atsushi Ohta, Motoki Kaidu, Satoshi Tanabe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Ryuta Sasamoto, Katsuya Maruyama, Kensuke Tanaka, Hirotake Saito, Toshimichi Nakano, Miki Shioi, Haruna Takahashi, Naotaka Kushima, Eisuke Abe, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Japanese journal of radiology   35 ( 3 )   95 - 100   2017年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a respiratory gating and multifield technique on the dose-volume histogram (DVH) in radiotherapy for esophageal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty patients who underwent four-dimensional computed tomography for esophageal cancer were included. We retrospectively created the four treatment plans for each patient, with or without the respiratory gating and multifield technique: No gating-2-field, No gating-4-field, Gating-2-field, and Gating-4-field plans. We compared the DVH parameters of the lung and heart in the No gating-2-field plan with the other three plans. RESULT: In the comparison of the parameters in the No gating-2-field plan, there are significant differences in the Lung V5Gy, V20Gy, mean dose with all three plans and the Heart V25Gy-V40Gy with Gating-2-field plan, V35Gy, V40Gy, mean dose with No Gating-4-field plan and V30Gy-V40Gy, and mean dose with Gating-4-field plan. The lung parameters were smaller in the Gating-2-field plan and larger in the No gating-4-field and Gating-4-field plans. The heart parameters were all larger in the No gating-2-field plan. CONCLUSION: The lung parameters were reduced by the respiratory gating technique and increased by the multifield technique. The heart parameters were reduced by both techniques. It is important to select the optimal technique according to the risk of complications.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11604-016-0606-7

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  • A study on a dental device for the prevention of mucosal dose enhancement caused by backscatter radiation from dental alloy during external beam radiotherapy. 国際誌

    Kouji Katsura, Satoru Utsunomiya, Eisuke Abe, Hironori Sakai, Naotaka Kushima, Satoshi Tanabe, Takumi Yamada, Takahide Hayakawa, Yoshihiko Yamanoi, Syuhei Kimura, Shinichi Wada, Hidefumi Aoyama, Takafumi Hayashi

    Journal of radiation research   57 ( 6 )   709 - 713   2016年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The changes in dose distribution caused by backscatter radiation from a common commercial dental alloy (Au-Ag-Pd dental alloy; DA) were investigated to identify the optimal material and thicknesses of a dental device (DD) for effective prevention of mucositis. To this end, 1 cm3 of DA was irradiated with a 6-MV X-ray beam (100 MU) in a field size of 10 × 10 cm2 using a Novalis TX linear accelerator. Ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer, polyolefin elastomer, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) were selected as DD materials. The depth dose along the central axis was determined with respect to the presence/absence of DA and DDs at thicknesses of 1-10 mm using a parallel-plate ionization chamber. The dose in the absence of DDs showed the lowest value at a distance of 5 mm from the DA surface and gradually increased with distance between the measurement point and the DA surface for distances of ≥5 mm. Except for PET, no significant difference between the DA dose curves for the presence and absence of DDs was observed. In the dose curve, PET showed a slightly higher dose for DA with DD than for DA without DD for thicknesses of ≥4 mm. The findings herein suggest that the optimal DD material for preventing local dose enhancement of the mucosa caused by DA backscatter radiation should have a relatively low atomic number and physical density and that optimal DD thickness should be chosen considering backscatter radiation and percentage depth dose.

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  • Superiority of a soft tissue-based setup using cone-beam computed tomography over a bony structure-based setup in intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer. 国際誌

    Hiraku Sato, Eisuke Abe, Satoru Utsunomiya, Motoki Kaidu, Nobuko Yamana, Kensuke Tanaka, Atsushi Ohta, Mika Obinata, Junyang Liu, Gen Kawaguchi, Katsuya Maruyama, Fumio Ayukawa, Hidefumi Aoyama

    Journal of applied clinical medical physics   16 ( 5 )   239–245   2015年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The purpose of this study was to test the superiority of a soft tissue-based setup using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to a bony structure-based setup using the ExacTrac system in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for prostate cancer. We studied 20 patients with localized prostate cancer who received IMRT between November 2010 and February 2012. After the initial setup, the pelvic bony structure-based setup and ExacTrac system were applied. After that, CBCT and a soft tissue-based setup were used. A shift in the isocenter between the ExacTrac-based and CBCT-based setup was recorded in the anterior-posterior (AP), superior-inferior (SI), and left-right (LR) axes. The shift was considered an interfractional prostate shift. Post-treatment CBCT was also taken once a week to measure the intrafractional prostate shift, based on the coordinates of the isocenter between pre- and post-treatment CBCT. The planning target volume (PTV) margins were determined using van Herk's method. We measured the elapsed time required for soft tissue matching and the entire treatment time using CBCT. The means ± standard deviation (SD) of the inter- and intrafractional shifts were 0.9 ± 2.8 mm and -0.3 ± 1.4 mm in the AP, 0.9 ± 2.2 mm and -0.1 ± 1.2 mm in the SI, and 0.1 ± 0.7 mm and -0.1 ± 0.7 mm in the LR directions. The PTV margins in the cases of bony structure-based and soft tissue-based setups were 7.3 mm and 2.7 mm in the AP, 5.8 mm and 2.3 mm in the SI, and 1.9 mm and 1.2 mm in the LR directions. Even though the median elapsed time using CBCT was expanded in 5.9 min, the PTV margins were significantly reduced. We found the calculated PTV margins in the soft tissue-based setup using CBCT were small, and this arrangement was superior to the bony structure-based setup in prostate IMRT.

    DOI: 10.1120/jacmp.v16i5.5448

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  • Development of a video image-based QA system for the positional accuracy of dynamic tumor tracking irradiation in the Vero4DRT system. 国際誌

    Kazuyu Ebe, Satoru Sugimoto, Satoru Utsunomiya, Hiroshi Kagamu, Hidefumi Aoyama, Laurence Court, Katsuichi Tokuyama, Ryuta Baba, Yoshisada Ogihara, Kosuke Ichikawa, Joji Toyama

    Medical physics   42 ( 8 )   4745 - 54   2015年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a new video image-based QA system, including in-house software, that can display a tracking state visually and quantify the positional accuracy of dynamic tumor tracking irradiation in the Vero4DRT system. METHODS: Sixteen trajectories in six patients with pulmonary cancer were obtained with the ExacTrac in the Vero4DRT system. Motion data in the cranio-caudal direction (Y direction) were used as the input for a programmable motion table (Quasar). A target phantom was placed on the motion table, which was placed on the 2D ionization chamber array (MatriXX). Then, the 4D modeling procedure was performed on the target phantom during a reproduction of the patient's tumor motion. A substitute target with the patient's tumor motion was irradiated with 6-MV x-rays under the surrogate infrared system. The 2D dose images obtained from the MatriXX (33 frames/s; 40 s) were exported to in-house video-image analyzing software. The absolute differences in the Y direction between the center of the exposed target and the center of the exposed field were calculated. Positional errors were observed. The authors' QA results were compared to 4D modeling function errors and gimbal motion errors obtained from log analyses in the ExacTrac to verify the accuracy of their QA system. The patients' tumor motions were evaluated in the wave forms, and the peak-to-peak distances were also measured to verify their reproducibility. RESULTS: Thirteen of sixteen trajectories (81.3%) were successfully reproduced with Quasar. The peak-to-peak distances ranged from 2.7 to 29.0 mm. Three trajectories (18.7%) were not successfully reproduced due to the limited motions of the Quasar. Thus, 13 of 16 trajectories were summarized. The mean number of video images used for analysis was 1156. The positional errors (absolute mean difference + 2 standard deviation) ranged from 0.54 to 1.55 mm. The error values differed by less than 1 mm from 4D modeling function errors and gimbal motion errors in the ExacTrac log analyses (n = 13). CONCLUSIONS: The newly developed video image-based QA system, including in-house software, can analyze more than a thousand images (33 frames/s). Positional errors are approximately equivalent to those in ExacTrac log analyses. This system is useful for the visual illustration of the progress of the tracking state and for the quantification of positional accuracy during dynamic tumor tracking irradiation in the Vero4DRT system.

    DOI: 10.1118/1.4926779

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  • [The Project Intention and a Report on the JSMP109 Symposium 1].

    Satoru Utsunomiya

    Igaku butsuri : Nihon Igaku Butsuri Gakkai kikanshi = Japanese journal of medical physics : an official journal of Japan Society of Medical Physics   35 ( 2 )   127 - 30   2015年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • [A Survey Towards Standardization of Dosimetric Verification in Intensity-modulated Radiation Therapy].

    Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Hiraku Iramina, Masanori Takamiya, Tomohiro Ono, Mami Akimoto, Nobutaka Mukumoto, Yoshitomo Ishihara, Satoru Utsunomiya, Takehiro Shiinoki, Yuki Miyabe, Sayaka Sato, Hajime Monzen

    Igaku butsuri : Nihon Igaku Butsuri Gakkai kikanshi = Japanese journal of medical physics : an official journal of Japan Society of Medical Physics   34 ( 4 )   208 - 18   2014年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of the implementation of quality assurance (QA) for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in Japan using a questionnaire survey. METHODS: The questionnaire consisted of seven sections: (1) clinical uses of IMRT, (2) treatment planning systems, treatment machines, phantoms for verification and CT scanning, (3) absorbed dose verification, (4) dose distribution verification, (5) fluence map verification, (6) acceptance criteria for each verification, and (7) comments. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 129 institutions (response rate: 76.8%). IMRT was performed for prostate cancer in 125 institutions (96.9%), followed by head and neck cancer in 83 (64.3%), and brain tumors in 69 (53.5%). Although at least three individuals were engaged in IMRT QA in 77.5% of the institutions, the number of full-time persons involved in IMRT QA was one or less in 94 institutions (72.9%). This indicated that most institutions in Japan have a staff shortage. More than 90% of the institutions verified both the absorbed dose and dose distribution. The acceptance criterion for the absorbed dose verification was set to ±3% in at least 80% of the institutions. Gafchromic film was used for the majority of dose distribution verifications. The acceptance criteria for dose distribution verification mainly involved gamma analysis and a comparison of dose profiles; however, the judgment of acceptance did not depend on the results of the gamma analysis. CONCLUSION: This survey increases our understanding of how institutions currently perform IMRT QA analysis. This understanding will help to move institutions toward more standardization of IMRT QA in Japan.

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  • A feasibility study on reduction of the entrance-surface dose to neonates by use of a new digital mobile X-ray system.

    Satoru Utsunomiya, Hajime Monzen, Mami Akimoto, Nobutaka Mukumoto, Yoshitomo Ishihara, Takehiko Shiinoki, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Yuki Miyabe, Sayaka Sato, Satoru Matsuo, Masahiro Hiraoka

    Radiological physics and technology   6 ( 1 )   157 - 61   2013年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    We investigated the neonatal entrance-surface dose (ESD) and doses of scattered radiation emitted by a digital mobile X-ray system. The system is equipped with a novel flat-panel detector and is used in the neonatal intensive care unit. In the present study, the following three experiments were performed on frequently used X-ray-imaging condition: (1) the digital characteristics of the FPD were evaluated; (2) the ESD to a water-equivalent phantom was measured with a patient skin dosimeter (PSD); and (3) the scattered radiation around the incubator was measured with an ionization chamber survey meter. The digital characteristic curve showed that the system had excellent linearity and that the contrast characteristics were not affected by the tube voltage in the range of 50-110 kV. The ESD was 51-52 μGy with an 8-cm-thick phantom and 33-34 μGy with a 4.5-cm phantom, for one exposure. The doses measured around the incubator were 0.1-0.6 μSv or below measurable limits. Use of the new device demonstrates the potential of reducing the ESD to the patient and operator.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12194-012-0182-1

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    機関名:新潟大学

  • 放射線機器工学実験Ⅰ

    2016年
    -
    現在
    機関名:新潟大学

  • 医用放射線機器科学特論

    2016年
    -
    現在
    機関名:新潟大学

  • 医用機器工学及び演習

    2016年
    -
    現在
    機関名:新潟大学

  • 放射線物理学Ⅱ及び演習

    2016年
    -
    2018年
    機関名:新潟大学

  • 放射線治療医学物理臨床実習

    2014年
    -
    2015年
    機関名:新潟大学

  • 医学物理臨床実習

    2013年
    -
    現在
    機関名:新潟大学

  • 医学物理学入門

    2013年
    -
    現在
    機関名:新潟大学

  • 医学物理学特論

    2013年
    -
    現在
    機関名:新潟大学

▶ 全件表示