2021/10/20 更新

写真a

オオタニ マサヒロ
大谷 真広
OTANI Masahiro
所属
教育研究院 自然科学系 農学系列 助教
農学部 農学科 助教
自然科学研究科 生命・食料科学専攻 助教
職名
助教
外部リンク

学位

  • 博士 (農学) ( 2015年3月   新潟大学 )

研究キーワード

  • 園芸学

  • 組織培養

  • 植物細胞工学

  • 形質転換

研究分野

  • 環境・農学 / 園芸科学

経歴(researchmap)

  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科   助教

    2017年4月 - 現在

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  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科   特任助教

    2015年7月 - 2017年3月

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  • 新潟大学自然科学研究科   自然科学研究科   博士研究員

    2015年4月 - 2015年6月

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経歴

  • 新潟大学   農学部 農学科   助教

    2017年4月 - 現在

  • 新潟大学   教育研究院 自然科学系 農学系列   助教

    2017年4月 - 現在

  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科 生命・食料科学専攻   助教

    2017年4月 - 現在

  • 新潟大学   自然科学研究科   特任助教

    2015年7月 - 2017年3月

所属学協会

 

論文

  • Meteorological data from ice-free areas in Yukidori Zawa, Langhovde and Kizahashi Hama, Skarvsnes, and Skallen on Sôya Coast, East Antarctica during January 2017–December 2018

    Polar Data Journal   ( 5 )   1 - 10   2021年2月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:National Institute of Polar Research  

    Meteorological data recorded by automatic weather stations (AWSs) installed at ice-free areas in the middle of Yukidori Zawa, near the coast of Kizahashi Hama, and at the southern shore of Skallen Ôike during the JARE-58 and 60 (2017–2018) was summarized in tables and figures. Almost 2-year data of air temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, wind conditions, solar radiations including photosynthetically active radiation and ultraviolet radiation, were compiled in 3 text files from each AWS:10-min; 1-hr and daily.

    DOI: 10.20575/00000022

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  • Suppression of B function by chimeric repressor gene-silencing technology (CRES-T) reduces the petaloid tepal identity in transgenic Lilium sp. 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Kaiki Aoyagi, Masaru Nakano

    PLOS ONE   2020年8月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0237176

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  • Plant regeneration and <i>Agrobacterium</i>-mediated genetic transformation systems in liliaceous ornamental plants 査読

    Nakano Masaru, Otani Masahiro

    Plant Biotechnology   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:日本植物細胞分子生物学会  

    <p>The family Liliaceae (Cronquist system) contains various important ornamental plants. We have been examining for about 20 years the establishment of plant regeneration and genetic transformation systems in liliaceous ornamental plants for their biotechnological breeding and elucidation of the molecular mechanisms determining ornamental traits. In this review, studies on <i>in vitro</i> plant regeneration in 7 genera and on <i>Agrobacterium</i>-mediated production of transgenic plants in 4 genera are described. Plant regeneration was achieved via callus cultures in <i>Agapanthus</i>, <i>Hemerocallis</i>, <i>Hosta</i>, <i>Lilium</i>, <i>Muscari</i> and <i>Tricyrtis</i>. Auxins (2,4-dichrolophenoxyacetic acid, α-naphthaleneacetic acid and/or picloram) were effective for inducing regenerable calli. <i>Tulipa</i> species and cultivars were very recalcitrant to callus induction and plant regeneration. <i>Agrobacterium</i>-mediated transformation was examined in <i>Agapanthus</i>, <i>Lilium</i>, <i>Muscari</i> and <i>Tricyrtis</i>, and transgenic plants were obtained in all genera by using regenerable calli as a target material for <i>Agrobacterium</i> inoculation, inoculation and co-cultivation with <i>Agrobacterium</i> in the presence of acetosyringone, and selection of transgenic tissues and plantlets on hygromycin-containing media. Among 4 genera, <i>Tricyrtis</i> has several advantages for transformation studies: higher transformation efficiency, relatively small plant size, ease of cultivation, and taking only 1 year from <i>in vitro</i> regeneration to flowering. We are now investigating the molecular mechanisms for determining plant form, flower color and flower form by using <i>Tricyrtis</i> spp. as liliaceous model plants.</p>

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.20.0114a

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  • Investigating Algal Communities in Lacustrine and Hydro-Terrestrial Environments of East Antarctica Using Deep Amplicon Sequencing. 査読 国際誌

    Yuu Hirose, Takuhei Shiozaki, Masahiro Otani, Sakae Kudoh, Satoshi Imura, Toshihiko Eki, Naomi Harada

    Microorganisms   8 ( 4 )   2020年3月

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    記述言語:英語  

    Antarctica has one of the most extreme environments on Earth, with low temperatures and low nutrient levels. Antarctica's organisms live primarily in the coastal, ice-free areas which cover approximately 0.18% of the continent's surface. Members of Cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae are important primary producers in Antarctica since they can synthesize organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water using solar energy. However, community structures of photosynthetic algae in Antarctica have not yet been fully explored at molecular level. In this study, we collected diverse algal samples in lacustrine and hydro-terrestrial environments of Langhovde and Skarvsnes, which are two ice-free regions in East Antarctica. We performed deep amplicon sequencing of both 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) and 18S rRNA genes, and we explored the distribution of sequence variants (SVs) of these genes at single nucleotide difference resolution. SVs of filamentous Cyanobacteria genera, including Leptolyngbya, Pseudanabaena, Phormidium, Nodosilinea, Geitlerinama, and Tychonema, were identified in most of the samples, whereas Phormidesmis SVs were distributed in fewer samples. We also detected unicellular, multicellular or heterocyst forming Cyanobacteria strains, but in relatively small abundance. For SVs of eukaryotic algae, Chlorophyta, Cryptophyta, and Ochrophyta were widely distributed among the collected samples. In addition, there was a red colored bloom of eukaryotic alga, Geminigeracryophile (Cryptophyta), in the Langhovde coastal area. Eukaryotic SVs of Acutuncusantarcticus and/or Diphasconpingue of Tardigrada were dominant among most of the samples. Our data revealed the detailed structures of the algal communities in Langhovde and Skarvsnes. This will contribute to our understanding of Antarctic ecosystems and support further research into this subject.

    DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms8040497

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  • Production and characterization of intersectional hybrids between Tricyrtis sect. Brachycyrtis and sect. Hirtae via ovule culture 査読

    Toshiya Inamura, Manami Nakazawa, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Masahiro Otani, Masaru Nakano

    Plant Biotechnology   36 ( 3 )   175 - 180   2019年9月

  • Production and characterization of wide hybrid plants in the genus Tricyrtis using transgenic plants carrying the gibberellin 2-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri. 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Shoichi Sato, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Masaru Nakano

    Scientia Horticulturae   254   215 - 221   2019年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2019.05.003

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  • 宿根トレニアにおけるR2R3-MYB遺伝子を用いた形質転換による葉色の改変

    藤本 卓生, 高野 美穂, 大谷 真広, 中野 優

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   71   35 - 42   2019年2月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(大学,研究機関等紀要)  

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  • Isolation and functional analysis of FLOWERING LOCUS T homologous gene from Vanda hybrid. 査読

    Kanokwan Panjama, Eriko Suzuki, Masahiro Otani, Masaru Nakano, Norikuni Ohtake, Takuji Ohyama, Weenun Bundithya, Kuni Sueyoshi, Soraya Ruamrungsri

    Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology   2019年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1007/s13562-019-00487-2

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  • Ectopic expression of the R2R3-MYB gene from Tricyrtis sp. results in leaf color alteration in transgenic Pelargonium crispum 査読

    Atsushi Kanemaki, Masahiro Otani, Miho Takano, Takuo Fujimoto, Hiroaki Okuhara, Toshikazu Nomizu, Masayoshi Kondo, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Fumi Tatsuzawa, Masaru Nakano

    Scientia Horticulturae   240   411 - 416   2018年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    R2R3-MYB transcription factors are known to activate the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. In the present study, R2R3-MYB gene isolated from the liliaceous ornamental plant Tricyrtis sp. (TrMYB1) under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter was introduced into Pelargonium crispum via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in order to alter leaf color phenotype. Ten independent transgenic plants have been obtained, and they could be classified into three types according to the leaf color phenotype: six transgenic plants had deep yellowish-green leaves as non-transgenic plants (Type I)
    two had deep red-purple leaves (Type II)
    and two had deep red leaves (Type III). Spectrophotometric analysis showed that the amount of total anthocyanins significantly increased in leaves of Type II and Type III transgenic plants compared with non-transgenic and Type I transgenic plants. In addition, several anthocyanins were newly produced in leaves of Type II and Type III transgenic plants as revealed by high performance liquid chromatography analysis. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that TrMYB1 expression level correlated with the degree of leaf color alteration. Our results indicate the validity of genetic transformation with TrMYB1 for producing colored foliage in heterologous ornamental plants.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2018.06.029

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  • Comprehensive isolation and expression analysis of the flavonoid biosynthesis-related genes in Tricyrtis spp. 査読

    M. Otani, Y. Kanemaki, F. Oba, M. Shibuya, Y. Funayama, M. Nakano

    Biologia Plantarum   62 ( 4 )   1 - 9   2018年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Netherlands  

    Tricyrtis spp., which belong to the family Liliaceae, produce unique flowers, whose tepals have many reddish-purple spots. Although elucidation of a molecular mechanism of tepal spot formation and molecular breeding for flower colour alteration are desired for Tricyrtis spp., only one flavonoid biosynthesis-related gene, TrCHS encoding chalcone synthase (CHS), has been isolated so far. In the present study, comprehensive isolation and expression analysis of the other flavonoid biosynthesis-related genes were carried out in Tricyrtis sp. Six genes (TrCHI, TrF3H, TrF3′H, TrFLS, TrDFR, and TrANS) encoding biosynthetic enzymes chalcone isomerase (CHI), flavanone-3-hydroxylase (F3H)
    flavonoid 3′-hydroxylase (F3′H), flavonol synthase (FLS), dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), and anthocyanin synthase (ANS) as well as three genes (TrMYB1, TrbHLH2 and TrWDR) encoding transcription factors myeloblastosis 1 (MYB1), basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH), and WD40 repeats (WDRs) were newly isolated. Phylogenetic analysis showed that each isolated gene was classified into the monocotyledonous clade. Deduced amino acid sequences of DFRs showed that TrDFR has no substrate specificity. “Early” genes in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway (TrCHS, TrCHI, and TrF3H) were constantly expressed in tepals during flower development, whereas expression of “late” genes (TrF3′H, TrFLS, TrDFR, and TrANS) varied with the flower developmental stage. Expression patterns of the late genes were mostly correlated with those of transcriptional factor genes, indicating that the late genes may be under the control of a transcription factor complex consisted of TrMYB1, TrbHLH2, and TrWDR. Accumulation of anthocyanins in tepals occurred slightly after transcriptional upregulation of the late genes. Results obtained in the present study may be valuable for further studies on flower colour and flower colour pattern in Tricyrtis spp.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10535-018-0802-7

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  • タイワンホトトギスにおける培養物の紡錘糸形成阻害剤処理による染色体倍加

    Masaru Nakano, Chiaki Goto, Miki Yamakawa, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Toshiya Inamura, Masahiro Otani

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   70   9 - 13   2018年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(大学,研究機関等紀要)  

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  • Isolation and characterization of rice cesium transporter genes from a rice-transporter-enriched yeast expression library. 査読 国際誌

    Tomohiro Yamaki, Masahiro Otani, Kohei Ono, Takuro Mimura, Koshiro Oda, Takeshi Minamii, Shingo Matsumoto, Yuzy Matsuo, Makoto Kawamukai, Takashi Akihiro

    Physiologia plantarum   160 ( 4 )   425 - 436   2017年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A considerable portion of agricultural land in central-east Japan has been contaminated by radioactive material, particularly radioactive Cs, due to the industrial accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Understanding the mechanism of absorption, translocation and accumulation of Cs+ in plants will greatly assist in developing approaches to help reduce the radioactive contamination of agricultural products. At present, however, little is known regarding the Cs+ transporters in rice. A transporter-enriched yeast expression library was constructed and the library was screened for Cs+ transporter genes. The 1452 full length cDNAs encoding transporter genes were obtained from the Rice Genome Resource Center and 1358 clones of these transporter genes were successively subcloned into yeast expression vectors; which were then transferred into yeast. Using this library, both positive and negative selection screens can be performed, which have not been previously possible. The constructed library is an excellent tool for the isolation of novel transporter genes. This library was screened for clones that were sensitive to Cs+ using a SD-Gal medium containing either 30 or 70 mM CsCl; resulting in the isolation of 13 Cs+ sensitive clones. 137 Cs absorption experiments were conducted and confirmed that all of the identified clones were able to absorb 137 Cs. A total of 3 potassium transporters, 2 ABC transporters and 1 NRAMP transporter were among the 13 identified clones.

    DOI: 10.1111/ppl.12569

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  • Overexpression of the gibberellin 20-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri resulted in modified trichome formation and terpenoid metabolities of Artemisia annua 査読

    Phithak Inthima, Masaru Nakano, Masahiro Otani, Tomoya Niki, Takaaki Nishijima, Masaji Koshioka, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana

    Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture   130 ( 3 )   689   2017年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Netherlands  

    There was a typing error in the title of the original publication. The title is correct in this erratum.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11240-017-1269-5

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  • Suppression of B function strongly supports the modified ABCE model in Tricyrtis sp (Liliaceae) 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Ahmad Sharifi, Shosei Kubota, Kanako Oizumi, Fumi Uetake, Masayo Hirai, Yoichiro Hoshino, Akira Kanno, Masaru Nakano

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   6   2016年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    B class MADS-box genes play important roles in petal and stamen development. Some monocotyledonous species, including liliaceous ones, produce flowers with petaloid tepals in whorls 1 and 2. A modified ABCE model has been proposed to explain the molecular mechanism of development of two-layered petaloid tepals. However, direct evidence for this modified ABCE model has not been reported to date. To clarify the molecular mechanism determining the organ identity of two-layered petaloid tepals, we used chimeric repressor gene-silencing technology (CRES-T) to examine the suppression of B function in the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp. Transgenic plants with suppressed B class genes produced sepaloid tepals in whorls 1 and 2 instead of the petaloid tepals as expected. In addition, the stamens of transgenic plants converted into pistil-like organs with ovule- and stigma-like structures. This report is the first to describe the successful suppression of B function in monocotyledonous species with two-layered petaloid tepals, and the results strongly support the modified ABCE model.

    DOI: 10.1038/srep24549

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  • 紡錘糸形成阻害剤処理によるコルチカム科属間雑種の染色体倍加

    Miki Yamakawa, Toshinari Kishimoto, Takeru Sato, Tomoka Saito, Junji Amano, Masahiro Otani, Masaru Nakano

    新潟大学農学部研究報告   68   25 - 30   2016年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(大学,研究機関等紀要)  

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  • Mutagenic effects of heavy-ion beam irradiation on in vitro nodal segments of Artemisia annua L. 査読

    Phithak Inthima, Masahiro Otani, Tomoya Hirano, Yoriko Hayashi, Tomoko Abe, Masaru Nakano, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana

    PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE   119 ( 1 )   131 - 139   2014年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Artemisia annua L. is a commercial source of artemisinin. Nevertheless, artemisinin content within the plant is relatively low and varies depending on genotype and environment. To broaden the genetic variability, the mutation effect of C-12-ion beam irradiation on A. annua was examined. Irradiation at 2.5 Gy had a slight lethal effect to nodal segments while a noticeable lethal effect was observed at 5 and 10 Gy. Furthermore, at higher doses (20 and 50 Gy), a severe lethal effect was observed. Mutations at the DNA level of axillary bud-derived shoots were performed by RAPD. The mutation frequency at 10 Gy was about 1.7 and 2.1 times higher than that at 2.5 and 5 Gy, respectively. After growth and artemisinin production observation of 72 irradiated mutants, around 14 and 7 % of them showed higher artemisinin content and artemisinin yield compared to the controls, respectively. The highest artemisinin content in a mutant was 1.43 % DW, which was 3.2-fold higher than the original wild type. Additionally, the highest artemisinin yield in mutants was 3.68 mg/plant, which was around 1.4-fold higher than in the wild type. Moreover, irradiated mutants exhibited antibacterial activity against S. aureus, but the wild types did not. This study presents an effective application of heavy ion beam irradiation to create variations and improve artemisinin production in A. annua.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11240-014-0519-z

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  • Overexpression of the gibberellin 20-oxidase or gibberellin 3-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri affecting plant morphology in transgenic Tricyrtis sp. 査読

    M. Otani, S. Meguro, H. Gondaira, M. Hayashi, M. Saito, D. S. Han, M. Nakano, S. Mori, T. Li, T. Niki, T. Nishijima, M. Koshioka

    Acta Horticulturae   1025   23 - 30   2014年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:International Society for Horticultural Science  

    Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones controlling many aspects of plant growth and development including stem elongation, germination and transition from vegetative growth to flowering. GA 20-oxidase (GA 20ox) and GA 3-oxidase (GA 3ox), classes of 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases, catalyze the conversion of precursor GAs to their bioactive forms, and therefore play a direct role in determining the levels of bioactive GAs in plants. Transgenic plants of the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp. 'Shinonome' overexpressing the GA 20ox or GA 3ox gene from Torenia fournieri (TfGA20ox2 and TfGA3oxl) were produced. After 3 years of cultivation, 4 and 2 independent transgenic plants containing TfGA20ox2 and TfGA3oxl, respectively, were subjected to morphological characterization at the flowering stage. Because GA 20ox and GA 3ox catalyze the last step in the formation of bioactive GAs, overexpression of TfGA20ox2 or TfGA3oxl was initially expected to induce a GA-overproduction phenotype in transgenic plants, such as internode elongation. However, on the contrary, all the transgenic plants exhibited reduced plant height, reduced internode length and reduced stem diameter compared with the control, non-transgenic plants, irrespective of the kind of transgene. In addition, all the transgenic plants had slender leaves and narrow flower tepals. Exogenous treatment of transgenic plants with gibberellic acid and a GA biosynthesis inhibitor, uniconazol, resulted in increased and decreased plant height, respectively. Possible factors leading to morphological alterations, observed in the present study, of transgenic Tricyrtis sp. were proposed.

    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1025.2

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  • Characterization of transgenic Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis plants ectopically expressing the class B MADS-box genes 査読

    N. Okuzumi, M. Otani, H. Otsubo, S. Meguro, Y. Hara, H. Umehara, M. Igarashi, D. S. Han, M. Nakano, Y. Hoshino, A. Kanno

    Acta Horticulturae   1025   93 - 98   2014年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:International Society for Horticultural Science  

    The class B genes, which belong to the MADS-box gene family, play important roles in regulating petal and stamen development in flowering plants. These genes exist in two different types termed DEFLCLENS (DEF)- and GLOBOSA (GLO)-like genes, and the B-function is provided by heterodimers of DEF- and GLO-like gene products. In order to understand the molecular mechanism of floral development in the agapanthaceous ornamental Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis, we produced and characterized transgenic A. praecox ssp. orientalis plants ectopically expressing the DEF- or GLCMike gene of the same plant, ApDEF or ApGLO. No visible morphological alterations were observed both in vegetative and floral organs of all the 7 independent transgenic plants containing ApDEF. On the other hand, in 4 out of 6 independent transgenic plants containing ApGLO, organs developed in whorl 4 showed noticeable morphological alteration: they were thick compared with carpels of non-transgenic plants, and had a branch tip. No apparent morphological alterations were observed in floral organs of the other 3 whorls. Scanning electron microscopic observations showed that the tip surface of whorl 4 organs of non-transgenic plants was covered with papilla cells, while there were few papilla cells on the tip surface of the morphologically altered whorl 4 organs of transgenic plants. In addition, epidermal cells of the morphologically altered whorl 4 organs of transgenic plants showed an intermediate morphology between those of ovaries and filaments of non-transgenic plants. Since it has been reported that ApDEF is expressed in all the 4 whorls of non-transgenic A. praecox ssp. orientalis, endogenous ApDEF products and transgenic ApGLO products may form heterodimers causing homeotic conversion in whorl 4 of transgenic plants.

    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1025.14

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  • Isolation and characterization of the dihydroflavonol 4-reductase gene in the monocotyledonous ornamental Agapanthus praecox ssp orientalis (Leighton) Leighton 査読

    Shiro Mori, Masahiro Otani, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Masaru Nakano

    SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE   166   24 - 30   2014年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (Leighton) Leighton, a monocotyledonous ornamental plant belonging to Agapanthaceae, has recently become popular as,a potted plant for landscaping and as a cut flower. As a first step toward molecular breeding for flower color alteration in this plant, we isolated and characterized a gene encoding dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), a pivotal enzyme of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. A full-length cDNA clone for DFR was isolated from flower tepals of a cultivar with deep-blue flowers, and its genomic clone, designated ApDFR1 (accession number AB099529 in the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ databases) was isolated from leaves by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based strategy. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that ApDFR1 contains four introns and an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 378 amino acid residues. Deduced amino acid sequence shows 59-75% identities with those of previously reported DFR genes. Southern blot analysis showed that there are one or two copies of the DFR gene in the genome of A. praecox ssp. orientalis. ApDFR1 transcripts were detected in young flower tepals, stamens, pistils and bracts, but not in pedicles, scapes and leaves as revealed by reverse transcription-PCR analysis. When ApDFR1 was expressed under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter in transgenic Petunia hybrida 'W85', a dfr-recessive line, some transgenic plants showed drastic flower color alteration froth white to red purple. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that colored flower limbs of transgenic plants accumulate anthocyanidins, mainly cyanidin and petunidin. These results indicate that ApDFR1 encodes DFR and is active in a heterologous plant species. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2013.12.009

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  • Horticultural characterization of a tetraploid transgenic plant of Tricyrtis sp carrying the gibberellin 2-oxidase gene 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Mitsuyo Ishibe, Phithak Inthima, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana, Shiro Mori, Tomoya Niki, Takaaki Nishijima, Masaji Koshioka, Masaru Nakano

    PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY   31 ( 4 )   335 - 340   2014年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC PLANT CELL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY  

    The gibberellin 2-oxidase catalyzes the bioactive gibberellins or their immediate precursors to inactive forms. We have previously produced transgenic plants of the liliaceous plant Tricyrtis sp. containing the GA2ox gene from the linderniaceous plant Torenia fournieri. These transgenic plants showed dwarf phenotypes as expected but unfortunately had no flowers or only small, unopened flowers. Recently, one newly produced transgenic line (G2-55) formed fully opened flowers. G2-55 showed a moderately dwarf phenotype and the shoot length decreased to 63.4% of that of the control, non-transgenic plants. No significant differences in the number of flowers per shoot and in the flower size were observed between G2-55 and the control. Flow cytometry analysis and chromosome observation showed that G2-55 was tetraploid (2n=4x=52), whereas the other transgenic lines producing no or only small flowers were diploid (2n=2x=26) as the mother plant. Pollen fertility of G2-55 was 81.2% as determined by acetocarmine staining. The tetraploidy in G2-55 might be resulted from somaclonal variation of embryogenic calluses used as a target material for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The tetraploid transgenic plant G2-55 may be useable not only directly as a potted plant, but also as a material for further breeding of Tricyrtis spp.

    DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.14.0916a

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  • Overexpression of the gibberellin 2-oxidase gene from Torenia fournieri induces dwarf phenotypes in the liliaceous monocotyledon Tricyrtis sp. 査読

    Masahiro Otani, Shuhei Meguro, Haruka Gondaira, Megumi Hayashi, Misaki Saito, Dong-Sheng Han, Phithak Inthima, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana, Shiro Mori, Yusuke Jikumaru, Yuji Kamiya, Tuoping Li, Tomoya Niki, Takaaki Nishijima, Masaji Koshioka, Masaru Nakano

    Journal of Plant Physiology   170 ( 16 )   1416 - 1423   2013年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Gibberellins (GAs) are the plant hormones that control many aspects of plant growth and development, including stem elongation. Genes encoding enzymes related to the GA biosynthetic and metabolic pathway have been isolated and characterized in many plant species. Gibberellin 2-oxidase (GA2ox) catalyzes bioactive GAs or their immediate precursors to inactive forms
    therefore, playing a direct role in determining the levels of bioactive GAs. In the present study, we produced transgenic plants of the liliaceous monocotyledon Tricyrtis sp. overexpressing the GA2ox gene from the linderniaceous dicotyledon Torenia fournieri (TfGA2ox2). All six transgenic plants exhibited dwarf phenotypes, and they could be classified into two classes according to the degree of dwarfism: three plants were moderately dwarf and three were severely dwarf. All of the transgenic plants had small or no flowers, and smaller, rounder and darker green leaves. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis showed that the TfGA2ox2 expression level generally correlated with the degree of dwarfism. The endogenous levels of bioactive GAs, GA1 and GA4, largely decreased in transgenic plants as shown by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis, and the level also correlated with the degree of dwarfism. Exogenous treatment of transgenic plants with gibberellic acid (GA3) resulted in an increased shoot length, indicating that the GA signaling pathway might normally function in transgenic plants. Thus, morphological changes in transgenic plants may result from a decrease in the endogenous levels of bioactive GAs. Finally, a possibility of molecular breeding for plant form alteration in liliaceous ornamental plants by genetically engineering the GA metabolic pathway is discussed. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2013.05.002

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  • Flower color alteration in the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp by RNA interference-mediated suppression of the chalcone synthase gene 査読

    Yukiko Kamiishi, Masahiro Otani, Hiroki Takagi, Dong-Sheng Han, Shiro Mori, Fumi Tatsuzawa, Hiroaki Okuhara, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Masaru Nakano

    MOLECULAR BREEDING   30 ( 2 )   671 - 680   2012年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Chalcone synthase (CHS) is the key enzyme in an early stage of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. In the present study, a full-length cDNA clone for CHS was isolated from flower tepals of the liliaceous ornamental Tricyrtis sp., in which tepals have many reddish-purple spots resulting from accumulation of cyanidin derivatives. The deduced amino acid sequence of the isolated cDNA clone, designated TrCHS1 (accession number AB478624 in the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ databases), shows 79.4-91.4% identity with those of previously reported CHS genes. An RNA interference (RNAi) construct targeting TrCHS1 was introduced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in order to alter the flower color of Tricyrtis sp. Seven transgenic plants that produced flowers could be classified into three types according to flower color phenotype: one transgenic plant had tepals with as many reddish-purple spots as non-transgenic plants (Type I); one had tepals with reduced numbers of reddish-purple spots (Type II); and five had completely white tepals without any spots (Type III). High-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that tepals of Type III transgenic plants did not accumulate detectable amounts of anthocyanidins. In addition, TrCHS1 mRNA levels in tepals of Type II and Type III transgenic plants decreased substantially compared with non-transgenic plants, as determined by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis. Our results indicate the validity of RNAi suppression of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway genes for flower color alteration in Tricyrtis sp. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on flower color alteration by genetic transformation in monocotyledonous ornamentals.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11032-011-9653-z

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  • Rice ABCG43 Is Cd Inducible and Confers Cd Tolerance on Yeast 査読

    Koshiro Oda, Masahiro Otani, Shimpei Uraguchi, Takashi Akihiro, Toru Fujiwara

    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY   75 ( 6 )   1211 - 1213   2011年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

    An understanding of the cadmium (Cd) transport system in rice can serve as a basis for coping with Cd-related problems in rice and human health. To identify a new gene involved in Cd transport in rice, we screened our yeast library, expressing 140 kinds of rice ATP binding cassette (ABC)-type transporters. From the screening, we found that OsABCG43/PDR5 conferred high Cd tolerance on yeast. The Cd concentration of yeast carrying OsABCG43 was similar to that of the vector control. The OsABCG43 transcript was detected both in shoots and roots. Accumulation of it was elevated by Cd treatment in the roots but not in the shoots. This study indicates that OsABCG43 is a Cd inducible-transporter gene capable of conferring Cd tolerance on yeast.

    DOI: 10.1271/bbb.110193

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MISC

受賞

  • 平成28年度 (第3回) 学長賞 (若手教員研究奨励)

    2016年9月   新潟大学  

    大谷 真広

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共同研究・競争的資金等の研究

  • 植物の遺伝子組換え技術を利用した経口ワクチンの開発と効率的な生産技術の確立

    2020年10月 - 2021年3月

    新潟大学  令和2年度U-goグラント 

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    担当区分:研究代表者 

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  • マーカー遺伝子の発現変動を指標とした新奇の組織培養条件最適化法の開発

    2020年5月 - 2021年3月

    筑波大学 つくば機能植物イノベーション研究センター(T-PIRC) 遺伝子実験センター  「形質転換植物デザイン研究拠点」2020(令和2)年度共同利用・共同研究 

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    担当区分:研究代表者 

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  • 南極大陸産コケ植物からの環境ストレス耐性遺伝子の単離および分子育種への応用

    2019年4月 - 2022年3月

    日本学術振興会  若手研究 

    大谷 真広

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    担当区分:研究代表者  資金種別:競争的資金

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  • 実地見学

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    2018年
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