Updated on 2022/05/26


Brain Research Institute Center for Bioresources Specially Appointed Assistant
Specially Appointed Assistant
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Research History

  • Niigata University   Center for Bioresources, Brain Research Institute   Specially Appointed Assistant




  • Cytosolic dsDNA of mitochondrial origin induces cytotoxicity and neurodegeneration in cellular and zebrafish models of Parkinson’s disease

    Hideaki Matsui, Junko Ito, Noriko Matsui, Tamayo Uechi, Osamu Onodera, Akiyoshi Kakita

    Nature Communications   12 ( 1 )   2021.12

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    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    <title>Abstract</title>Mitochondrial dysfunction and lysosomal dysfunction have been implicated in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the links between these dysfunctions in PD pathogenesis are still largely unknown. Here we report that cytosolic dsDNA of mitochondrial origin escaping from lysosomal degradation was shown to induce cytotoxicity in cultured cells and PD phenotypes in vivo. The depletion of PINK1, GBA and/or ATP13A2 causes increases in cytosolic dsDNA of mitochondrial origin and induces type I interferon (IFN) responses and cell death in cultured cell lines. These phenotypes are rescued by the overexpression of DNase II, a lysosomal DNase that degrades discarded mitochondrial DNA, or the depletion of IFI16, which acts as a sensor for cytosolic dsDNA of mitochondrial origin. Reducing the abundance of cytosolic dsDNA by overexpressing human DNase II ameliorates movement disorders and dopaminergic cell loss in gba mutant PD model zebrafish. Furthermore, IFI16 and cytosolic dsDNA puncta of mitochondrial origin accumulate in the brain of patients with PD. These results support a common causative role for the cytosolic leakage of mitochondrial DNA in PD pathogenesis.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-23452-x


    Other Link: http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-23452-x

  • Degeneration of dopaminergic neurons and impaired intracellular trafficking in Atp13a2 deficient zebrafish. International journal

    Hiromi Nyuzuki, Shinji Ito, Keisuke Nagasaki, Yohei Nitta, Noriko Matsui, Akihiko Saitoh, Hideaki Matsui

    IBRO reports   9   1 - 8   2020.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    ATP13A2 is the autosomal recessive causative gene for juvenile-onset Parkinson's disease (PARK9, Parkinson's disease 9), also known as Kufor-Rakeb syndrome. The disease is characterized by levodopa-responsive Parkinsonism, supranuclear gaze palsy, spasticity, and dementia. Previously, we have reported that Atp13a2 deficient medaka fish showed dopaminergic neurodegeneration and lysosomal dysfunction, indicating that lysosome-autophagy impairment might be one of the key pathogeneses of Parkinson's disease. Here, we established Atp13a2 deficient zebrafish using CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing. We found that the number of TH + neurons in the posterior tuberculum and the locus coeruleus significantly reduced (dopaminergic neurons, 64 % at 4 months and 37 % at 12 months, p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively; norepinephrine neurons, 52 % at 4 months and 40 % at 12 months, p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively) in Atp13a2 deficient zebrafish, proving the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. In addition, we found the reduction (60 %, p < 0.05) of cathepsin D protein expression in Atp13a2 deficient zebrafish using immunoblot. Transmission electron microscopy analysis using middle diencephalon samples from Atp13a2 deficient zebrafish showed lysosome-like bodies with vesicle accumulation and fingerprint-like structures, suggesting lysosomal dysfunction. Furthermore, a significant reduction (p < 0.001) in protein expression annotated with vesicle fusion with Golgi apparatus in Atp13a2 deficient zebrafish by liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry suggested intracellular trafficking impairment. Therefore, we concluded that Atp13a2 deficient zebrafish exhibited degeneration of dopaminergic neurons, lysosomal dysfunction and the possibility of intracellular trafficking impairment, which would be the key pathogenic mechanism underlying Parkinson's disease.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ibror.2020.05.002



  • Cerebrospinal fluid injection into adult zebrafish for disease research. International journal

    Hideaki Matsui, Noriko Matsui

    Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996)   124 ( 12 )   1627 - 1633   2017.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    A modified method of cerebrospinal fluid injection was developed for the efficient and reliable administration of substances to the zebrafish central nervous system. The accuracy of this modified method was evaluated using Alexa Fluor dye injection. A high survival ratio was achieved due to the simplicity of the procedure and ice-tricaine combined anaesthesia. To validate this new method, we injected ammonium chloride, which successfully blocked lysosome function resulting in elevated LC3-II and the accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins. Injection of human α-synuclein fibrils initiated a prion-like propagation of α-synuclein pathology in zebrafish. This method can be used to investigate the effects of various substances and the propagation of α-synuclein in the central nervous system.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00702-017-1787-7