Updated on 2024/07/13

写真a

 
NIIMI Ryosuke
 
Organization
Academic Assembly Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences JINBUN KAGAKU KEIRETU Associate Professor
Faculty of Humanities Department of Humanities Associate Professor
Title
Associate Professor
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Degree

  • 博士(心理学) ( 2008.5   東京大学 )

  • 修士(心理学) ( 2005.3   東京大学 )

  • 学士(文学) ( 2003.3   東京大学 )

Research Interests

  • optical illusion

  • 物体認識

  • cognitive psychology

  • psychophysics

  • object recognition

  • perception

  • vision

Research Areas

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Experimental psychology  / visual cognition

Research History (researchmap)

  • Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, The University of Tokyo   Assistant Professor (Jokyo)

    2011.4 - 2016.3

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  • RCAST, The University of Tokyo   JSPS Research Fellow (PD)

    2009.4 - 2011.3

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  • RIKEN Brain Science Institute   Research Scientist

    2008.4 - 2009.3

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  • Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, The University of Tokyo   JSPS Research Fellow (DC)

    2005.4 - 2008.3

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Research History

  • Niigata University   Faculty of Humanities Department of Humanities   Associate Professor

    2016.4

Education

  • The University of Tokyo   Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology   博士課程

    2005.4 - 2008.3

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Professional Memberships

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Committee Memberships

  • 日本アニメーション学会   ハラスメント防止・対策委員会委員  

    2021.6   

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  • 電子情報通信学会   HIP研究会専門委員  

    2019   

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  • 日本基礎心理学会   編集委員  

    2018   

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  • 日本アニメーション学会   編集委員  

    2017   

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  • 日本認知心理学会   大会準備委員  

    2015   

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  • 日本認知科学会   大会実行委員  

    2011   

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  • 日本心理学会注意と認知研究会   運営委員  

    2010   

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Papers

  • The contributions of surface features and contour shapes to object slant perception Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi

    i-Perception   14 ( 2 )   204166952311604 - 204166952311604   2023.3

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    Authorship:Lead author, Last author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE Publications  

    Humans perceive 3D shapes even from 2D images. A slant can be perceived from images of slanted rectangular objects, which include texture gradients and linear perspective contours. How does the visual system integrate and utilize these pictorial depth cues? A new visual illusion that provides some insights into this issue was examined. A box-like object with disk figures drawn on its upper surface was rendered in a linear perspective image. The length of the object's upper surface side line was overestimated, probably due to the foreshortened disks serving as slant cues. This illusory effect occurred even when observers estimated the line length on the image plane, suggesting that the slant perception from the disks was mandatory. Five experiments revealed that multiple depth cues were utilized for the slant perception; the aspect ratio of the disks, texture gradients, trapezium/parallelogram contours, and the side surfaces of the box-like object. However, foreshortened disks outside the object were not utilized as depth cues. These results suggested that various depth cues belonging to the target object are integrated for the slant perception.

    DOI: 10.1177/20416695231160402

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    Other Link: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full-xml/10.1177/20416695231160402

  • Good conduct makes your face attractive: The effect of personality perception on facial attractiveness judgments Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Mami Goto

    Plos One   18 ( 2 )   e0281758 - e0281758   2023.2

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)  

    Human facial attractiveness is related to physical features, such as clear complexion and symmetry. However, it is also known that facial attractiveness judgments are influenced by a wide range of non-physical factors. Here, we examined the effect of the personality information of a target person on facial attractiveness judgments. In Experiment 1, participants read a verbal description of a target person (high or low honesty), followed by the presentation of the target face and facial attractiveness rating. The honest personality increased the rated facial attractiveness, replicating a previous report. This “honesty premium” effect was independent of pre-rated facial attractiveness (Experiment 1), target gender, participant gender, and target clothing (Experiment 2). Experiment 3 found that creative personality did not affect facial attractiveness ratings, while an aggressive personality was suggested to decrease the rated facial attractiveness of male targets. We did not find evidence that participants’ moods caused these effects. The results suggest that the “what is good is beautiful” stereotype is robust and that facial attractiveness is malleable and dependent on various physical and non-physical information.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0281758

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  • How to explain effect sizes of psychological gender differences: Case study of university class designed for non-psychology major students

    Ryosuke Niimi

    148   Y33 - Y54   2021.3

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    Authorship:Lead author   Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • Effect of facial Aattractiveness on clothing attractiveness ratings by gender Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi & Shin'ya Yamada

    Japanese Journal of Psychology   91 ( 2 )   2020.5

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  • Interacting hands draw attention during scene observation. Reviewed

    Niimi, R

    Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics   82   1088 - 1098   2020

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    DOI: 10.3758/s13414-019-01881-7

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  • The auditory contextual effect on visual object recognition

    Niimi Ryosuke, Yokosawa Kazuhiko

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   83 ( 0 )   3B - 050-3B-050   2019

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Psychological Association  

    DOI: 10.4992/pacjpa.83.0_3B-050

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  • Inhibition of return decays rapidly when familiar objects are used Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Hiroki Shimada, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Japanese Psychological Research   59 ( 2 )   167 - 177   2017.4

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY  

    Visual search is supported by various components. Inhibition of return (IOR) is a mechanism by which orienting to a previously attended location or object is inhibited. In two experiments, we examined whether categories of real-life objects modify IOR. In Experiment 1, familiar objects (faces, hands, feet, chairs, and flowers) and a nonsense control object (a square) were presented as cues and participants were asked to detect a target presented either in a cued or uncued position. Body parts were examined since they have often been shown to influence visual selective attention. Results showed substantial IOR irrespective of cue object category. However, IOR decreased very rapidly, even in trials with a control cue. This atypical time course was not observed when only the control cue was used (Experiment 2). We concluded that the presence of various familiar objects in Experiment 1 acted as a context and modified observers' attentional sets. The results suggest that IOR in real-life scenes with familiar objects is different from IOR observed in typical experimental settings.

    DOI: 10.1111/jpr.12149

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  • On the three-quarter view advantage of familiar object recognition Reviewed

    Kohei Nonose, Ryosuke Niimi, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Psychological Research-Psychologische Forschung   80 ( 6 )   1030 - 1048   2016.11

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER HEIDELBERG  

    A three-quarter view, i.e., an oblique view, of familiar objects often leads to a higher subjective goodness rating when compared with other orientations. What is the source of the high goodness for oblique views? First, we confirmed that object recognition performance was also best for oblique views around 30A degrees view, even when the foreshortening disadvantage of front- and side-views was minimized (Experiments 1 and 2). In Experiment 3, we measured subjective ratings of view goodness and two possible determinants of view goodness: familiarity of view, and subjective impression of three-dimensionality. Three-dimensionality was measured as the subjective saliency of visual depth information. The oblique views were rated best, most familiar, and as approximating greatest three-dimensionality on average; however, the cluster analyses showed that the "best" orientation systematically varied among objects. We found three clusters of objects: front-preferred objects, oblique-preferred objects, and side-preferred objects. Interestingly, recognition performance and the three-dimensionality rating were higher for oblique views irrespective of the clusters. It appears that recognition efficiency is not the major source of the three-quarter view advantage. There are multiple determinants and variability among objects. This study suggests that the classical idea that a canonical view has a unique advantage in object perception requires further discussion.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00426-015-0702-9

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  • Kôkûsinribu: The psychology department of the Aeronautical Research Institute, Tokyo Imperial University Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi

    History of Psychology and Psychology Studies   16/17   1 - 23   2016.2

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

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  • Does object view influence the scene consistency effect? Reviewed

    Gergo Sastyin, Ryosuke Niimi, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics   77 ( 3 )   856 - 866   2015.4

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    Traditional research on the scene consistency effect only used clearly recognizable object stimuli to show mutually interactive context effects for both the object and background components on scene perception (Davenport & Potter in Psychological Science, 15, 559-564, 2004). However, in real environments, objects are viewed from multiple viewpoints, including an accidental, hard-to-recognize one. When the observers named target objects in scenes (Experiments 1a and 1b, object recognition task), we replicated the scene consistency effect (i.e., there was higher accuracy for the objects with consistent backgrounds). However, there was a significant interaction effect between consistency and object viewpoint, which indicated that the scene consistency effect was more important for identifying objects in the accidental view condition than in the canonical view condition. Therefore, the object recognition system may rely more on the scene context when the object is difficult to recognize. In Experiment 2, the observers identified the background (background recognition task) while the scene consistency and object views were manipulated. The results showed that object viewpoint had no effect, while the scene consistency effect was observed. More specifically, the canonical and accidental views both equally provided contextual information for scene perception. These findings suggested that the mechanism for conscious recognition of objects could be dissociated from the mechanism for visual analysis of object images that were part of a scene. The "context" that the object images provided may have been derived from its view-invariant, relatively low-level visual features (e.g., color), rather than its semantic information.

    DOI: 10.3758/s13414-014-0817-x

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  • Extraction of scene gist in rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) stimuli

    Niimi Ryousuke, Iizumi Takuro, Yokosawa Kazuhiko

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   79 ( 0 )   2AM - 070-2AM-070   2015

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Psychological Association  

    DOI: 10.4992/pacjpa.79.0_2AM-070

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  • Three-quarter view preference for three-dimensional objects in 8-month-old infants Reviewed

    Wakayo Yamashita, Ryosuke Niimi, So Kanazawa, Masami K. Yamaguchi, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Journal of Vision   14 ( 4 )   5   2014

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC  

    This study examined infants' visual perception of three-dimensional common objects. It has been reported that human adults perceive object images in a view-dependent manner: three-quarter views are often preferred to other views, and the sensitivity to object orientation is lower for three-quarter views than for other views. We tested whether such characteristics were observed in 6- to 8-month-old infants by measuring their preferential looking behavior. In Experiment 1 we examined 190-to 240-day-olds' sensitivity to orientation change and in Experiment 2 we examined these infants' preferential looking for the three-quarter view. The 240day-old infants showed a pattern of results similar to adults for some objects, while the 190-day-old infants did not. The 240-day-old infants' perception of object view is (partly) similar to that of adults. These results suggest that human visual perception of three-dimensional objects develops at 6 to 8 months of age.

    DOI: 10.1167/14.4.5

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  • Do we know others' visual liking? Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Katsumi Watanabe

    i-Perception   5 ( 7 )   572 - 584   2014

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PION LTD  

    Although personal liking varies considerably, there is a general trend of liking shared by many people (public favour). Visual liking in particular may be largely shared by people, as it is strongly influenced by relatively low-level perceptual factors. If so, it is likely that people have correct knowledge of public favour. We examined the human ability to predict public favour. In three experiments, participants rated the subjective likability of various visual objects (e. g. car, chair), and predicted the mean liking rating by other participants. Irrespective of the object's category, the correlation between individual prediction and actual mean liking of others (prediction validity) was not higher than the correlation between the predictor's own liking and the mean liking of others. Further, individual prediction correlated more with the predictor's own liking than it was with others' liking. Namely, predictions were biased towards the predictor's subjective liking (a variation of the false consensus effect). The results suggest that humans do not have (or cannot access) correct knowledge of public favour. It was suggested that increasing the number of predictors is the appropriate strategy for making a good prediction of public favour.

    DOI: 10.1068/i0661

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  • Contextual effects of scene on the visual perception of object orientation in depth Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Katsumi Watanabe

    Plos One   8 ( 12 )   e84371   2013.12

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    We investigated the effect of background scene on the human visual perception of depth orientation (i.e., azimuth angle) of three-dimensional common objects. Participants evaluated the depth orientation of objects. The objects were surrounded by scenes with an apparent axis of the global reference frame, such as a sidewalk scene. When a scene axis was slightly misaligned with the gaze line, object orientation perception was biased, as if the gaze line had been assimilated into the scene axis (Experiment 1). When the scene axis was slightly misaligned with the object, evaluated object orientation was biased, as if it had been assimilated into the scene axis (Experiment 2). This assimilation may be due to confusion between the orientation of the scene and object axes (Experiment 3). Thus, the global reference frame may influence object orientation perception when its orientation is similar to that of the gaze-line or object.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084371

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  • The shot length styles of Miyazaki, Oshii, and Hosoda: A quantitative analysis Reviewed

    Itsutoshi Kohara, Ryosuke Niimi

    Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal   8 ( 2 )   163 - 184   2013.7

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    How does a director express his or her film style in animated films produced by a group? To address this issue, the authors analyzed the shot length of 22 Japanese animated films directed by Miyazaki Hayao, Oshii Mamoru, and Hosoda Mamoru. Their analysis reveals the statistical measurements of shot length were clearly dependent on directors. Miyazaki's films show that he avoids both longish and brief shots, Oshii's shot length is relatively long on average, while Hosoda prefers relatively short shot length. Furthermore, both Oshii's and Hosoda's first films deviated from their subsequent films in terms of statistical indices, suggesting that they established their style of shot length during their first or second time directing. The authors determine that all three directors controlled shot length primarily through their own storyboarding as a crucial process of determining the value, since the shot lengths correlated well with the designated shot lengths on the storyboards. In conclusion, the authors identified the distinctive shot length styles of the directors. © 2013 The Author(s).

    DOI: 10.1177/1746847713487472

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  • Consistency of likeability of objects across views and time Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Katsumi Watanabe

    Perception   41 ( 6 )   673 - 686   2012

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    Subjective impressions of face images (eg personality trait judgments) are consistent across exposure durations and viewpoints. In this study, we investigated whether subjective likeability of common non-face objects would also be consistent. Participants rated the likeability of 32 common objects (eg chair, car, and kettle). Although the rated likeability scores were generally higher for objects shown in three-quarter views than for the same objects shown in full-frontal views, object-wise correlations across the views were significant (experiment 1). The likeability ratings based on brief exposure duration (eg 100 ms) also significantly correlated with those based on unlimited exposure duration (experiment 2). Even when the duration was brief, the consistency across the views was replicated. The findings confirmed that the subjective likeability of common objects is consistent and the process underlying it is efficient, similar to those of faces. However, the mean rated likeability was higher for longer exposure durations, suggesting a negative bias for briefly observed objects. Since this bias is contrary to previously reported findings for faces, the mechanisms for determining subjective likeability of common objects may be partially different from those of faces.

    DOI: 10.1068/p7240

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  • Iconic memory and parietofrontal network: fMRI study using temporal integration Reviewed

    Ayako Saneyoshi, Ryosuke Niimi, Tomoko Suetsugu, Tatsuro Kaminaga, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Neuroreport   22 ( 11 )   515 - 519   2011.8

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    We investigated the neural basis of iconic memory using functional magnetic resonance imaging. The parietofrontal network of selective attention is reportedly relevant to readout from iconic memory. We adopted a temporal integration task that requires iconic memory but not selective attention. The results showed that the task activated the parietofrontal network, confirming that the network is involved in readout from iconic memory. We further tested a condition in which temporal integration was performed by visual short-term memory but not by iconic memory. However, no brain region revealed higher activation for temporal integration by iconic memory than for temporal integration by visual short-term memory. This result suggested that there is no localized brain region specialized for iconic memory per se. NeuroReport 22:515-519 (C) 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

    DOI: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e328348aa0c

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  • Parietal and frontal object areas underlie perception of object orientation in depth Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Ayako Saneyoshi, Reiko Abe, Tatsuro Kaminaga, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Neuroscience Letters   496 ( 1 )   35 - 39   2011.5

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Recent studies have shown that the human parietal and frontal cortices are involved in object image perception. We hypothesized that the parietal/frontal object areas play a role in differentiating the orientations (i.e., views) of an object. By using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we compared brain activations while human observers differentiated between two object images in depth-orientation (orientation task) and activations while they differentiated the images in object identity (identity task). The left intraparietal area, right angular gyrus, and right inferior frontal areas were activated more for the orientation task than for the identity task. The occipitotemporal object areas, however, were activated equally for the two tasks. No region showed greater activation for the identity task. These results suggested that the parietal/frontal object areas encode view-dependent visual features and underlie object orientation perception. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2011.03.081

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  • Illusory motion induced by blurred red-blue edges Reviewed

    Kohske Takahashi, Ryosuke Niimi, Katsumi Watanabe

    Perception   39 ( 12 )   1678 - 1680   2010

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    Visual patterns consisting of a red-and-blue region with a blurry edge yield illusory motion. Eye movements over a static pattern induced illusory motion of the edge in the direction opposite to the eye movement. The illusion also takes place for patterns in motion without eye movement. The illusion suggests the effect of colour combination on the spatial perception of a blurry edge.

    DOI: 10.1068/p6811

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  • The neural basis for temporal integration of visual information in short term memory(<Special Edition>Brain Imaging and Psychonomic Science)

    SANEYOSHI Ayako, NIIMI Ryosuke, SUETSUGU Tomoko, KAMINAGA Tatsuro, YOKOSAWA Kazuhiko

    The Japanese journal of psychonomic science.   28 ( 1 )   23 - 34   2009.9

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Psychonomic Society  

    The neural basis for temporal integration of visual information in short term memory. We investigated the neural basis of integration of temporally separated bilateral asymmetrical dot patterns by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). A symmetrical dot pattern with a small asymmetric region was temporally separated into two patterns and presented sequentially. The participants were asked to find the asymmetrical region by temporally integrating the patterns. When the second array was presented after a brief (40ms) or a long (2560ms) interval the performance was good. However, ...

    DOI: 10.14947/psychono.KJ00005878665

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  • Three-quarter views are subjectively good because object orientation is uncertain Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Psychonomic Bulletin & Review   16 ( 2 )   289 - 294   2009.4

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PSYCHONOMIC SOC INC  

    Because the objects that surround us are dime-dimensional, their appearance and our visual perception of them change depending on an object&apos;s orientation relative to a viewpoint. One of the most remarkable effects of object orientation is that viewers prefer three-quarter views over others, such as front and back, but the exact source of this preference has not been firmly established. We show that object orientation perception of the three-quarter view is relatively imprecise and that this impreciseness is related to preference for this view. Human vision is largely insensitive to variations among different three-quarter views (e.g., 45 degrees vs. 50 degrees); therefore, the three-quarter view is perceived as if it corresponds to a wide range of orientations. In other words, it functions as the typical representation of the object.

    DOI: 10.3758/PBR.16.2.289

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  • Viewpoint dependence in the recognition of non-elongated familiar objects: Testing the effects of symmetry, front-back axis, and familiarity Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Perception   38 ( 4 )   533 - 551   2009

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    Visual recognition of three-dimensional (3-D) objects is relatively impaired for some particular views, called accidental views. For most familiar objects, the front and top views are considered to be accidental views. Previous studies have shown that foreshortening of the axes of elongation of objects in these views impairs recognition, but the influence of other possible factors is largely unknown. Using familiar objects Without a salient axis of elongation, we found that a foreshortened symmetry plane of the object and low familiarity of the viewpoint accounted for the relatively worse recognition for front views and top views, independently of the effect of a foreshortened axis of elongation. We found no evidence that foreshortened front-back axes impaired recognition in front views. These results Suggest that the viewpoint dependence of familiar object recognition is not a unitary phenomenon. The possible role of symmetry (either 2-D or 3-D) in familiar object recognition is also discussed.

    DOI: 10.1068/p6161

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  • The dynamic-stimulus advantage of visual symmetry perception Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Katsumi Watanabe, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Psychological Research-Psychologische Forschung   72 ( 5 )   567 - 579   2008.9

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER HEIDELBERG  

    It has been speculated that visual symmetry perception from dynamic stimuli involves mechanisms different from those for static stimuli. However, previous studies found no evidence that dynamic stimuli lead to active temporal processing and improve symmetry detection. In this study, four psychophysical experiments investigated temporal processing in symmetry perception using both dynamic and static stimulus presentations of dot patterns. In Experiment 1, rapid successive presentations of symmetric patterns (e.g., 16 patterns per 853 ms) produced more accurate discrimination of orientations of symmetry axes than static stimuli (single pattern presented through 853 ms). In Experiments 2-4, we confirmed that the dynamic-stimulus advantage depended upon presentation of a large number of unique patterns within a brief period (853 ms) in the dynamic conditions. Evidently, human vision takes advantage of temporal processing for symmetry perception from dynamic stimuli.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00426-008-0133-y

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  • Determining the orientation of depth-rotated familiar objects Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    Psychonomic Bulletin & Review   15 ( 1 )   208 - 214   2008.2

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PSYCHONOMIC SOC INC  

    How does the human visual system determine the depth-orientation of familiar objects? We examined reaction times and errors in the detection of 15 degrees differences in the depth orientations of two simultaneously presented familiar objects, which were the same objects (Experiment 1) or different objects (Experiment 2). Detection of orientation differences was best for 0 degrees (front) and 180 degrees (back), while 45 degrees and 135 degrees yielded poorer results, and 90 degrees (side) showed intermediate results, suggesting that the visual system is tuned for front, side and back orientations. We further found that those advantages are due to orientation-specific features such as horizontal linear contours and symmetry, since the 90 degrees advantage was absent for objects with curvilinear contours, and asymmetric object diminished the 0 degrees and 180 degrees advantages. We conclude that the efficiency of visually determining object orientation is highly orientation-dependent, and object orientation may be perceived in favor of front-back axes.

    DOI: 10.3758/PBR.15.1.208

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  • 遮蔽された物体の視覚的認知における影の役割

    新美 亮輔, 横澤 一彦

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   72 ( 0 )   3EV114 - 3EV114   2008

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:公益社団法人 日本心理学会  

    DOI: 10.4992/pacjpa.72.0_3EV114

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  • 物体方向の視覚的認知

    新美 亮輔, 横澤 一彦

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   72 ( 0 )   L01 - L01   2008

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:公益社団法人 日本心理学会  

    DOI: 10.4992/pacjpa.72.0_L01

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  • 日常物体の方向はどれくらい正確に知覚されているか(日本基礎心理学会第26回大会,大会発表要旨)

    新美 亮輔, 横澤 一彦

    基礎心理学研究   26 ( 2 )   204 - 205   2008

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:日本基礎心理学会  

    DOI: 10.14947/psychono.KJ00004902495

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  • Visual symmetry perception and its functional role Reviewed

    50 ( 2 )   119 - 134   2007

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  • Cast shadowによる物体形状知覚:ー物体の安定性の効果

    新美 亮輔, 横澤 一彦

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   71 ( 0 )   2PM089 - 2PM089   2007

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:公益社団法人 日本心理学会  

    DOI: 10.4992/pacjpa.71.0_2PM089

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  • Attentional set for axis of symmetry in symmetry-defined visual search Reviewed

    Ryosuke Niimi, Kazuhiko Yokosawa, Katsumi Watanabe

    Perception & Psychophysics   68 ( 7 )   1153 - 1162   2006.10

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PSYCHONOMIC SOC INC  

    Olivers and van der Helm (1998) showed that symmetry-defined visual search (for both symmetry and asymmetry) requires selective spatial attention. We hypothesize that an attentional set for the orientation of a symmetry axis also is involved in symmetry-defined visual search. We conducted three symmetry-defined visual search experiments with manipulations of the axis of symmetry orientations, and performance was better when the axis orientations within the search array were uniform, rather than a mixture of two orientations, and the attentional set for the axis orientation could be kept. In addition, search performance when the target was defined by the presence of symmetry was equivalent to that when the target was defined by a difference of symmetry axis orientation. These results suggest that attentional. set for axis orientation plays a fundamental role in symmetry-defined visual search.

    DOI: 10.3758/BF03193717

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  • 物体認知の視点依存性における物体前後軸の影響

    新美 亮輔, 横澤 一彦

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   70 ( 0 )   2AM091 - 2AM091   2006

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:公益社団法人 日本心理学会  

    DOI: 10.4992/pacjpa.70.0_2AM091

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  • 日常物体の方向認知は物体認知と対照的な特性を有する(日本基礎心理学会第25回大会,大会発表要旨)

    新美 亮輔, 横澤 一彦

    基礎心理学研究   25 ( 1 )   145 - 145   2006

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:日本基礎心理学会  

    DOI: 10.14947/psychono.KJ00004450604

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  • The role of visual symmetry in determining depth orientation of familiar objects(Summary of Awarded Presentations at the 24th Annual Meeting)

    NIIMI Ryosuke, YOKOSAWA Kazuhiko

    The Japanese Journal of Psychonomic Science   25 ( 1 )   105 - 106   2006

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    Language:English   Publisher:The Japanese Psychonomic Society  

    This study investigated the mechanism by which human vision determines the orientation of depth-rotated familiar objects. We hypothesized that the symmetry of the contours in the front and back views of objects is used to determine their orientation because familiar objects are often bilaterally symmetrical. The participants were required to detect 15°differences of depth orientation of the two objects presented simultaneously. Detection was better for the 0°(front) and 180°(back) conditions than for the 45°, 90°, and 135°conditions (Experiment 1). These results confirmed a predicted contribution of symmetry. The same pattern of results was observed when detection was required of an orientation difference of two different objects (Experiment 2).

    DOI: 10.14947/psychono.KJ00004450511

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  • (Abstracts of Presentation,The 24th Annual Meeting)

    The Japanese Journal of Psychonomic Science   24 ( 2 )   219 - 219   2006

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Psychonomic Society  

    DOI: 10.14947/psychono.KJ00004347137

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  • The role of visible persistence for perception of visual bilateral symmetry Reviewed

    R Niimi, K Watanabe, K Yokosawa

    Japanese Psychological Research   47 ( 4 )   262 - 270   2005.11

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    Although the detection of visual bilateral symmetry has been claimed to be highly efficient, the possible involvement and function of visual memory in such efficient mechanisms has rarely been examined. We hypothesized that symmetry perception is rapid, as it can be achieved from rapidly decaying information of visible persistence. To test this hypothesis, we employed a temporal integration paradigm. A symmetric dot pattern was randomly divided into two asymmetric patterns and presented successively with a blank screen presented between patterns. Observers could detect symmetry when the two patterns were presented close in time (Experiment 1), indicating that observers perceived symmetry presumably utilizing visible persistence. In addition, the inverse-intensity effect of visible persistence (Di Lollo & Bischof, 1995) was evident in our temporal integration task of symmetry (Experiment 2). The results of the current study clearly demonstrate that the detection of symmetry can be achieved based on the visible persistence. The large capacity and high spatial precision of visible persistence might be adequate for the rapid and spatially global encoding of visual symmetry.

    DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5884.2005.00295.x

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  • 対称図形の視覚探索における対称軸の方位の効果(日本基礎心理学会第23回大会,大会発表要旨)

    新美 亮輔, 横澤 一彦, 渡邊 克巳

    基礎心理学研究   23 ( 2 )   240 - 240   2005

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    DOI: 10.14947/psychono.KJ00004414652

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  • 対称性知覚の時間特性 : 時間的統合課題による検討(日本基礎心理学会第22回大会,大会発表要旨)

    新美 亮輔, 渡邊 克巳, 横澤 一彦

    基礎心理学研究   22 ( 2 )   217 - 217   2004

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:日本基礎心理学会  

    DOI: 10.14947/psychono.KJ00004414396

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Books

  • 美しさと魅力の心理

    新美 亮輔( Role: Contributor ,  I-9「商品写真,前から撮るか,斜めから撮るか?」 I-10「よくある見え方は好まれる」 I-11「好まれる構図とは」)

    ミネルヴァ書房  2019.10 

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  • 人工知能学大事典

    新美 亮輔( Role: Contributor ,  ジスト)

    共立出版  2017 

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  • Object perception

    Ryosuke Niimi, Sayako Ueda, Kazuhiko Yokosawa( Role: Joint author)

    2016.2  ( ISBN:9784326251094

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MISC

  • Auditory scene context facilitates visual object recognition

    Ryosuke Niimi, Takahiro Saiki, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   1022 - 1023   2016.7

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper, summary (international conference)   Publisher:ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

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  • 異なる視点からの画像に対する乳児の知覚

    YAMASHITA WAKAYO, NIIMI RYOSUKE, KANAZAWA HAJIME, YAMAGUCHI MASAMI, YOKOSAWA KAZUHIKO

    Vision   24 ( 3 )   126   2012.7

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  • Sequential effects in attractiveness judgment for objects and faces

    近藤あき, 新美亮輔, 高橋康介, 渡邊克巳

    電子情報通信学会技術研究報告   111 ( 155(HIP2011 27-42) )   63 - 68   2011.7

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers  

    A number of psychological experiments have shown that the response of current trial assimilates toward the response of the preceding trial in perceptual decision-making tasks (sequential effect; Holland & Lockhead, 1968). The sequential effect has been widely observed in evaluation of physical property of stimuli (e.g., loudness and brightness; Ward & Lockhead, 1970; Ward, 1982) as well as more naturalistic properties (e.g., price of furniture; Matthews & Stewart, 2009). However, it is unclear whether subjective decision (e.g., preference) is also susceptible to the sequential effect. Here, we examined whether the sequential effect would occur in attractiveness judgment for objects and faces. Forty-eight pictures of male and female faces or thirty-two objects were presented successively. Participants rated the attractiveness of each face or object on a 7-point scale. The results showed that the attractiveness rating of a given face or object assimilated toward the rating of the preceding trial. These findings suggest that attractiveness judgment is also biased toward the preceding judgment, and hence the sequential effect can be extended in the domain of subjective decision-making.

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  • Consistency of likability to objects across views and time

    Ryosuke Niimi, Katsumi Watanabe

    I-PERCEPTION   2 ( 4 )   253 - 253   2011

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  • Environmental reference frame alters the perceived orientation of three-dimensional object

    R. Niimi, K. Watanabe

    PERCEPTION   39   103 - 103   2010

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  • Illusory motion of blurred blue-red edges

    K. Takahashi, R. Niimi, K. Watanabe

    PERCEPTION   39   87 - 87   2010

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  • 視覚的物体認識の二つの脳内機構

    新美亮輔, 新美亮輔, 実吉綾子, 阿部怜子, 神長達郎, 横澤一彦

    基礎心理学研究   28 ( 2 )   2010

  • The role for human parietal cortex in the perception of object orientation in depth: an fMRI study

    Ryosuke Niimi, Ayako Saneyoshi, Reiko Abe, Tatsurou Kaminaga, Kazuhiko Yokosawa

    NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH   65   S239 - S239   2009

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.neures.2009.09.1348

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  • 非対称図形の時間的統合に関わる神経基盤の検討

    実吉綾子, 新美亮輔, 末續朋子, 神長達郎, 横澤一彦

    基礎心理学研究   27 ( 2 )   2009

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Presentations

  • 物体認知と視点 古典的視点依存論争から感性まで Invited

    新美 亮輔

    第18回感性学研究会  2019.2 

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    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

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  • 聴覚

    新美 亮輔

    人文カフェ2018「聴くということ」  2019.1 

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    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Public lecture, seminar, tutorial, course, or other speech  

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  • 視覚における手の役割

    新美 亮輔

    新潟心理学会第53回大会  2017.3 

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  • 手は口ほどにものを言う? 手の認知の心理

    新美 亮輔

    人文カフェ2016「今,心と身体を考える」  2016.11 

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  • 東京帝国大学航空心理部と戦間期・戦時期の応用心理学

    新美 亮輔

    第26回心理学研究室セミナー(東京大学文学部)  2015.6 

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  • On the top-view disadvantage in visual object recognition.

    Niimi, R, Ehara, R, Yokosawa, K

    Psychonomic Society Annual Meeting  2014.11 

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  • When a Mackintosh chair looks like a young woman: A study on visual object personification. International conference

    Ryosuke Niimi

    10th Asia-Pacific Conference on Vision  2014.7 

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  • ヒトは何を見,何を認識しているのか:視覚物体認識から考えるヒトの情報処理 Invited

    新美 亮輔

    日本認知科学会サマースクール  2012.9 

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  • Visual symmetry and human object perception

    Ryosuke Niimi

    RIKEN BSI Forum  2008.2 

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Awards

  • The 13th illusion contest (Japan), 1st prize

    2021.12   The voice that;can only be heard;by both ears

    Ryosuke Niimi

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  • Presentation Award

    2012   Japanese Psychonomic Society  

    Ryosuke Niimi

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  • Illusion Contest

    2011  

    Ryosuke Niimi

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  • 6th Annual Best Illusion of the Year Contest

    2010   Top 10 Finalist

    Takahashi K, Niimi R, Watanabe K

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  • Presentation Award

    2006   Japanese Psychonomic Society  

    Ryosuke Niimi

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Research Projects

  • Pupillometry study on human visual cognition of natural images

    Grant number:21K03126

    2021.4 - 2025.3

    System name:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Research category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Awarding organization:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

    Grant amount:\3380000 ( Direct Cost: \2600000 、 Indirect Cost:\780000 )

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  • A study on the effects of clothing and perceived personality on facial attractiveness

    2020.10 - 2023.3

    System name:Cosmetology Research Grant

    Awarding organization:KOSE Cosmetology Research Foundation

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  • 手の視覚的認知の研究

    2014.4 - 2017.3

    System name:科学研究費助成(若手B)

    Awarding organization:日本学術振興会

    新美 亮輔

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  • 高次視覚物体認識の統合的脳機能に関する認知心理学的研究

    Grant number:09J01295

    2009 - 2011

    System name:科学研究費助成事業

    Research category:特別研究員奨励費

    Awarding organization:日本学術振興会

    新美 亮輔

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    Grant amount:\1900000 ( Direct Cost: \1900000 )

    ヒトの視覚による物体認識について、これまで知られていなかった様々な特性を発見した。
    1、前年度に続く物体方向知覚(車やイスといった物体が自分に対してどちらを向いているかを視覚によって認識すること)についての研究では、物体が置かれている周囲の環境が持つ方向情報(例えば、道路や部屋の方向)が物体方向知覚に影響を与えることがわかった。物体方向知覚において、本来は物体そのものと関係のない周囲の環境の方向を無視できない傾向があるということになる。物体認識のみならず、情景認識など視覚認知研究の他分野にも影響を与える成果だと言える。
    2、また、物体の見た目の好ましさがどのように形成されるのかを調べる実験研究が進行し、すでにいくつかのまとまった知見を得ることができた。例えば、家具や乗物などの製品の画像を見て、その製品の好ましさを答えてもらう実験では、たった0.1秒間見るだけ好ましさがほぼ決定されることがわかった。好ましさのような非常に複雑で高次の視覚的認知がこのように高速かつ効率的に行われていることは、驚くべき発見である。
    こういった発見はいずれも、視覚物体認識が単一の物体認識神経機構によって独立に担われているという従来の考え方に変更を迫るものである。高次視覚物体認識は、他の様々な視覚認知メカニズムとの相互作用と統合的情報処理によって成立していることが裏付けられたと言える。いずれの成果も国内外で学会発表をしている。また、1の成果は英語論文として投稿、査読中である。2の成果も英語論文執筆中である。

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Other research activities

  • 特集「スピリチュアリズム」

    2018

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    新潟大学生協『ほんのこべや』53号,pp. 1-10.

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  • 反応時間

    2013

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    脳科学辞典
    http://dx.doi.org/10.14931/bsd.806

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Teaching Experience (researchmap)

  • 心理学概説A

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 心理学基礎実験

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 認知心理学

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 心理学実験演習(1)

    Institution name:東京大学文学部

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  • 心理学概説

    Institution name:東京藝術大学音楽学部

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  • 心理学研究法A

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 心理学演習

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 認知心理学特講

    Institution name:武蔵野大学大学院通信教育部

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  • 心理学基礎演習

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 人文展開系科目B

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 人文初年次演習A

    Institution name:新潟大学人文学部

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  • 英語論文作成演習

    Institution name:立教大学大学院現代心理学科

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Teaching Experience

  • 学習・言語心理学

    2023
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心と脳の科学リテラシー

    2023
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 性の科学(経済科学部)

    2022
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 人文系フロンティア

    2022
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 知覚・認知心理学A

    2022
    -
    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 知覚心理学

    2022
    -
    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 知覚情報研究

    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 知覚・認知心理学B

    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 課題研究III

    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 認知心理学

    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • セクシュアリティ・スタディーズ

    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学実験B

    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学発展演習

    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 認知科学演習

    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 人文系フロンティア

    2020
    -
    2022
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理・思想・表象

    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 課題研究Ⅰ

    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 課題研究Ⅱ

    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 認知科学特論

    2019
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学概論A

    2019
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学実験A

    2019
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学統計法

    2019
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 人文系展開科目B

    2018
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学基礎演習A

    2018
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理・人間学入門

    2017
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 認知心理学

    2017
    -
    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 領域融合・超域科目Q

    2017
    -
    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 人文初年次演習A

    2017
    -
    2019
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理・人間学入門A

    2017
    -
    2018
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心の科学入門

    2017
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学特殊実験B

    2016
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学特殊実験A

    2016
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 卒業論文(新美亮輔)

    2016
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学研究法A

    2016
    -
    2022
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学概説A

    2016
    -
    2022
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学演習

    2016
    -
    2021
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学基礎実験A

    2016
    -
    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 領域融合・超域科目A

    2016
    -
    2020
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学基礎実験B

    2016
    -
    2018
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理・人間学入門B

    2016
    -
    2018
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学基礎演習B

    2016
    Institution name:新潟大学

  • 心理学入門B

    2016
    Institution name:新潟大学

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Media Coverage

  • 女性の顔が魅力的だと服の評価も向上 評価者の性別関係なし Newspaper, magazine

    科学新聞  2020.6

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  • 服のセンスに「ただしイケメンに限る」は言い過ぎかも? 新潟大学が研究結果を発表 Internet

    ねとらぼ  2020.5

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